|Cat-eLog Data Sheet|
|Scientific Name||Scoloplax empousa Schaefer, Weitzman & Britski, 1989|
|Type Locality||Brazil: Mato Grosso, Rio Ivinheima, 70 km upstream from its confluence with Rio Paranaand Rio dos Bandeirantesa, pprox.2 2? 35'S, 530 30'W.|
|Pronunciation||SKOW low plax - ehm pow sah|
|Etymology||Scoloplax: From the Greek skolos, meaning thorn and plax, meaning plate; in reference to the moveable dermal bone on top of snout (rostral plate) that is studded with large integumentary teeth. From the Greek empousa for hobgoblin or specter having various forms, in reference to the especially bizarre appearance of the species.|
|Size||20mm (0.8") SL. Find near, nearer or same sized spp.|
|Identification||Species of the neotropical family Scoloplacidae are distinguished from other Siluriformes by the presence of a conspicuous shield-shaped rostral plate bearing numerous large and recurved odontodes. Scoloplacidae is a monogeneric family endemic to South America and known from the Amazon, Paraguay, and Parana basins. The worlds smallest known catfish are from this genus, the smallest is most likely S. dolicholophia.
Scoloplax empousa is distinguished from all other Scoloplax by the combination: paired bilateral mental barbels, four dorsal-fin rays, five pectoral-fin rays, five pelvic fin rays, and six anal-fin rays.
|Sexing||Larger male specimens with large, fleshy tissue at ventral opening. Females without tissue sack.|
|Distribution||South America: Amazon and Paraguay/Paraná river drainages.
Amazon (click on these areas to find other species found there)
La Plata, Paraná (click on these areas to find other species found there)
La Plata, Paraná, Paraguay (click on these areas to find other species found there) (Click the map-icon to show/hide map of species distribution)
|References||Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila.v. 141 - pp194 - Figs. 7, 8, 11|
|Registered Keepers||(1) loach (p: 2).
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|Last Update||2012 Dec 27 09:40 (species record created: 2006 Dec 24 11:47)|
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