Adult and juvenile - showing contrast in pattern
Close-up of interopercular spines
Close-up of mouth
Close-up of mouth
Fry found living on submerged tree leaves
Habitat: Juveniles can be found on submerged wood
From the Rio Tinaco, Est. Cojedes, Venezuela
Pale colouration adopted by previously normally coloured individual.
Rio Apure, 72.7mm SL (ANSP198884)
|Cat-eLog Data Sheet|
|Scientific Name||Panaque nigrolineatus (Peters, 1877)|
|Common Name(s)||L190, Royal Pleco
|Type Locality||Calabozo, Venezuela.|
|Pronunciation||pan ah KAY. - nih GRO lin e AT us|
|Etymology||The generic epithet "panaque" is a Venezuelan common name for this fish. nigro = black; lineatus = lines or stripes alluding to the fishes black stripes.|
|Size||340mm or 13.4" SL. Find near, nearer or same sized spp.|
|Identification||The genus Panaque is identified by the teeth, which are spoon-shaped. This means that the teeth are noticeably wider at the tip than at the base. Other loricariidae have teeth that are similar width all the way from one end to the other. A second distinguishing feature is the lack of a buccal papilla, which is a "flap of skin" on the inside of the mouth. See pictures in this PDF on Pterygoplichthys.
These fish are imported in all sizes and in a number of colour forms. Interestingly the colour of the eye varies from bright orange to dull red. Although described from Venezuelan material, the colour forms that have given rise to L027 are from different locations such as the Rio Tocantins, Xingú and Tapajos, Brazil. It appears that the juveniles of Brazilian populations have solid or plain as opposed to barred caudal fin rays. So, a juvenile with barred caudal fin rays is from Colombian or Venezuelan stock.
|Sexing||Undocumented, although with most ancistrine plecos the genital papilla of the female is round and blunt, that of the male by comparison is smaller and pointed. It is not known at what size this method of sexing can be used on Royal Plecos.|
|Distribution||Wide distribution range from Colombia and Venezuela to South Central Amazon basin.
Amazon, Lower Amazon (click on these areas to find other species found there)
Amazon, Middle Amazon (Solimoes) (click on these areas to find other species found there)
Orinoco (click on these areas to find other species found there)
Orinoco, Middle Orinoco, Apure, Guarico (click on these areas to find other species found there) (Click the map-icon to show/hide map of species distribution)
|pH||6.5 - 7.5|
|Temperature||22.0-30.0°C or 71.6-86°F (Show others within this range)|
|Feeding||Classic ''pleco diet'' of greens. Can be acclimatized onto most vegetables; tinned peas seem a favourite. The fish also appear to eat bogwood. Some prepared foods should also be offered to supplement this diet.|
|Furniture||Bogwood is essential - both for dietary reasons and because it seems to be the Royal Pleco's preferred hide-out - although any suitably sized dark refuge will be utilized. When larger, Royal Plecos will re-arrange the tank to their own liking; ensure rocks are well secured and cannot be toppled against the glass.|
|Compatibility||Territorial with conspecifics and other similarly sized catfish although otherwise peaceful with smaller fish. This fish can be a fussy feeder and only once it is feeding well should be mixed with large, boisterous fish.|
|Suggested Tankmates||Most community fish, this fish is very secretive and so you will want more active fish around to provide something to watch.|
|Breeding||No published information exists, but I have heard that the fish has been spawned in captivity using some form of tube in a large tank (approx. 125 US Gallons). A false dry season of two weeks (low, warm, still water) was used. Then the tank was topped off with cooler rainwater (refilling about 80%). Lots of meaty and veggie foods were offered. The pair spawned within days.|
|References||Monatsb. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1877 - pp471 - Unnumbered pl. following p. 556. Aqualog shows a number of colour variations. L027a (commonly known as the watermelon pleco or L330) is the spotted variety, L027b is the olive green variety and L027c is the golden variety. Whether or not these are distinct species or not remains unknown.|
|Registered Keepers||(1) Kostas, (2) Persephone, (3) Lornek8, (4) lcpete, (5) guillermo racines, (6) soltarii007, (7) synoguy, (8) azfisher (k: 2), (9) stinger, (10) Blue (k: 2), (11) Freakdaddy, (12) nettaigyo, (13) nmonks, (14) HylaChristine (p: 7), (15) killerklown, (16) Slimlim, (17) einstein-a-go-go, (18) yogi69, who also notes: "about 3"", (19) Cyberbob, (20) Zigismund, (21) helshøj, (22) firenzenz (k: 2), who also notes: "Male is a couple of years old. Recently acquired another", (23) Plecofanatic1989, (24) irshprncsk, (25) krzys, (26) chillired (p: 2), (27) FuglyDragon, who also notes: "Earliest pic 22/07/2005.
Pic in profile June 2010", (28) steelhead99, (29) loloveto, (30) LUISGOREY, (31) johnny70, (32) Bahney, (33) Loracidlover, (34) diggerfreek, (35) wesman, (36) lewishan, (37) SoCalDiscus, (38) Plunt (k: 2), (39) briggadane (k: 2), (40) jiapei, (41) aledk85, (42) jopbgon, (43) JohnB, who also notes: "Found off Craigslist after previous owners tank busted. It will like its new 70 gallon tank to himself. ", (44) mickywelsh, (45) River Dog, (46) koter73, (47) eliy7 (p: 2), (48) Tenzin, (49) 78bill, (50) doodle, (51) cathje (k: 2), (52) KnaveTO, (53) Joeytoe, (54) HeadHunter, (55) fleahound, (56) a2fishguy, (57) Carp37, who also notes: "Juvenile now slightly over 3" long. This is the only plec I've got that is bright enough to remove apple snails from cucumber/courgette.", (58) nvcichlids (k: 5), who also notes: "Kept in my 125 gallon SA cichlid tank", (59) tvwav, (60) lighting (p: 2), (61) PlecoCrazy, (62) thejudgement, (63) oscarlover, (64) José Maria, (65) upc239 (p: 3, k: 3), who also notes: "This guy is getting huge. Eating shrimp pellets and algae waffers. Also eats Zuchinni. Beautiful pleco..This one is not aggressive towards other plecos, but this may be because he's much b igger than the rest.", (66) hboute, (67) kabaltah, (68) robt18, (69) Jackie, (70) royaldragoness, (71) gille, (72) he that is i, (73) omendey, (74) Krib, (75) nowhereman (p: 2, k: 3), (76) Altifrons, (77) fishkeeper, (78) dddolphin, (79) Wraith, who also notes: "A rescue that I got from the LFS. Guessing he/she is about 1 yr but is only 8cm. When the LFS got it off of the original owners, it's fins were completely gone but have partially grown back. Keeping in my fry tank and seems to be doing well.", (80) judeblackburn (k: 2), (81) dr_philatelist, (82) b.price, (83) jprp, (84) ewurm, (85) wschug, (86) matthewfaulkner (p: 2, k: 6), (87) Back, who also notes: "Have had 3.", (88) d3n2, (89) lethalcustoms00, (90) fishman, (91) dannyrawlins (p: 2), (92) SHEAG35 (k: 2), (93) 2wheelsx2, (94) JRS, who also notes: "Likes parboiled broccoli stems", (95) Neri2495 (p: 2), (96) Blackhawker, (97) Ullopincrate, (98) coelacanth, (99) keen-eyed, (100) EHEIM~ADDICT, (101) kaleidoskope, (102) Hitch, (103) sterlingtjones, (104) cory777 (p: 2), (105) ichtyophile (k: 2), (106) Armyngmike1982, (107) marangmic, (108) oli (k: 2), (109) scleropages (p: 2, k: 4), (110) Daniel_yeo, (111) Nanu156, (112) mrfishydude (p: 2, k: 4), who also notes: "All healthy, beautiful (better than the pics), and active, ranging from 3-4.5". Love driftwood, but also clean glass and rock surfaces, as well as the intake strainer on the back filter. love it!", (113) brechtvh, (114) electrophyste, (115) salvador60, (116) barry555, (117) smitty (p: 2, k: 3), (118) arthos, who also notes: "about 300mm / 11.8 inch. It's a dirty monster!", (119) wimmels, (120) Bisclavret, (121) FrankNL, (122) alasia, (123) Steen, (124) David R (p: 2, k: 5), (125) sfchoong, (126) adrisdad, (127) allim, (128) plecomanpat, (129) hankinswood, (130) excuzzzeme, (131) xander, (132) SHEAG (k: 3), (133) Matt30, (134) arapaimag, (135) Fevz, (136) Starfish42, who also notes: "I've been told this fish cannot compete with clown loaches and pictus catfish as it will hide away and not feed. Well, nobody seems to have told the fish! Definitely the boss fish in my tank.", (137) Dan101, (138) cdc069, (139) Martin Holm, (140) fleshwound, (141) Seagirt, who also notes: "Sits around and eats her wood all day. Pretty fish.", (142) nnpnnp (k: 2), (143) tomr, (144) Thomas W, (145) snike, (146) Copp81, (147) fester, (148) aeonone87, (149) Catfish freak, (150) tagamasid1023 (p: 2, k: 2), who also notes: "This panaque is very territorial! It is very aggressive towards my slightly smaller L190. Sometimes, it tends to "attack and bump" Oscars that are being too close to it, especially during feeding time. It also produces lots of waste because it consumes lots of wood. Nevertheless, this beautiful and aggressive panaque is always a thrill to watch.", (151) mikebren12, (152) chrisblackwirral, (153) gforcefx, (154) richb, (155) henward, (156) transporter42, (157) oneoddfish, (158) nedara, (159) mdwflyer, (160) Lframe, (161) rosswell, (162) browny85, (163) plecolee (p: 2), (164) Blackguard, (165) HERVE, (166) slimrs, (167) eyal8a (k: 5), (168) Michael_Wanga, (169) huskerdad, (170) darryl180 (k: 2), (171) urison (k: 2), (172) Fruityscone, (173) Bellady, (174) elephant, (175) kawa85, (176) m1ke715m, (177) jabones, (178) Mark Panaque (k: 2), (179) freddynietzsche, (180) MrDimmu, (181) sem87, (182) ElTofi, who also notes: "This one didn't stand the acclimatation phase... I guess the remove from his home tank (23Â°C) to his new home, even with an acclimatation on 2 hours, has been too much... found dead this morning after only 10 hours", (183) kitbuilder, (184) Goodeid608, (185) Nobettername, (186) ThomasTheFish, (187) DOLEMITE, (188) GhostArcher, (189) chaim76, (190) citizencurt, (191) gilsharon, (192) EnolaGaye, (193) Grimfilth, (194) Mruaru, (195) kent1971, (196) HenkeP (k: 2), (197) plecokim, (198) lilu, who also notes: "Loves fresh zucchini and sweet potato.", (199) MrsJP, (200) hypanaquolus, (201) Rlhull, (202) Matturbin, (203) PlecosAndLoaches (p: 2), (204) rizla75, (205) Igor Hotasi Simamora, (206) wax32, (207) Dragonrat, (208) ChristianKline, (209) evojoey, (210) A 401, (211) Brett1998, (212) recumbent, (213) WildfirebirdPerkins, (214) Kasaraset, (215) Divinehammer, (216) ebrehe, (217) JonathanReid, (218) indeliKate, (219) hovmoller, (220) Kruijf, (221) plecofanatic12345, (222) Catfishlady, (223) VickyEll7, (224) cannondale, (225) Stroudygirl, (226) faxling, (227) ilansanin, (228) cowturtle, (229) Koen, (230) kvnbyl.
Click on a username above to see all that persons registered catfish species. You can also view all "my cats" data for this species.
- CotM 1999 May
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|Last Update||2007 May 22 06:51 (species record created: 2001 May 05 00:00)|