|Cat-eLog Data Sheet|
|Scientific Name||Glyptothorax annandalei Hora, 1923|
|Type Locality||Nierolay stream, Bhavani River, at the base of Nilgiri Hills [Cauvery drainage], Nilgiri dist., Tamil Nadu, India.|
|Pronunciation||Gleep toe thor axe - annan dale i|
|Etymology||The generic name comes from the Greek glyptos, meaning carved, and thorax, meaning breastplate (or the part of the body covered by it), in reference to the folds of skin comprising the thoracic adhesive apparatus. Named after Dr Nelson Annandale, the founder Director of the Zoological Survey of India.|
|Size||115mm (4.5") SL. Find near, nearer or same sized spp.|
|Identification||Sisorid catfishes of the genus Glyptothorax Blyth are benthic inhabitants of torrential waters of rivers and streams in montane and submontane parts of tropical Asia. The members of the genus are adapted to attach themselves to rocks and boulders against strong currents by means of a thoracic adhesive apparatus comprising grooves and folded pleats of skin parallel or oblique to the longitudinal axis of the body. The genus has a wide distribution, ranging from Turkey and Syria in the west, to India and China in the east, and extending further southeastward to Indonesia. With 84 nominal species, Glyptothorax are the most speciose genus of catfishes in Asia (Eschmeyer et al., 1998, Ng, 2005); 67 species were treated as valid by Thomson & Page (2006).
Glyptothorax annandalei can be differentiated from congeners by having tuberculated skin, an adhesive apparatus as long as broad and a body with three transverse white bands. The paired fins are not plaited below ventrally.
|General Remarks||It is very likely that this species has not been exported for the trade as yet but general care will be very similar to that of other Glyptothorax species.|
|Distribution||Nepal, India, Myanmar (?) and China
Indian waters, Western Ghats Waters (click on these areas to find other species found there) (Click the map-icon to show/hide map of species distribution)
|Other Parameters||The water should be cool and heavily oxygenated with a good flow as these fish occur in hill streams. Anything above 25 C will hamper long term survival as these fish tend to burn away at higher temperatures.|
|Feeding||Is known to take only live food like blood worms, frozen brine shrimp etc. Spot feeding will help in case tank mates are voracious feeders.|
|Furniture||Fine sand for the bottom and smooth pebbles / rocks.|
|Compatibility||A peaceful species suitable for a hillstream biotope.|
|Suggested Tankmates||Cyprinids like Barilius and Danios and Balitorine loaches like Homaloptera species.Other fish collected with G.annandalei include Travancoria jonesii,Mesonemacheilus herrei,Barilus Sp., and a Garra sp.|
|Breeding||Unreported in captivity.|
|References||Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 25 (pt 1) Freshwater Fishes Of The Indian Region (2nd Edition) . K.C. Jayaram|
|Registered Keepers||(1) Shovelnose, who also notes: "They were collected from a slow moving stream in Valparai. The substrate was primarily mud with very little rocks. They were collected from inside bunches of a Lagenandra Sp. ".
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|Last Update||2011 Feb 15 15:22 (species record created: 2010 Jan 30 06:23)|
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