Cat-eLog Right Arrow Callichthyidae Right Arrow Callichthyinae Right Arrow Dianema

Jump to next section Cat-eLog Data Sheet
Scientific NameDianema longibarbis  Cope, 1872
Common Name(s)Porthole Catfish
Schwielenwels (Germany)
Type LocalityRío Ambyiacu, Peru.
Synonym(s)Callichthys adspersus, Decapogon verissimi
Pronunciationdie ah NEE mah - long ee barb iss
EtymologyDianema: From the Greek di-, meaning two and nema, meaning filament; in reference to the long maxillary barbels. 
Jump to next section Species Information
Size 100mm or 3.9" SL. Find near, nearer or same sized spp.
IdentificationHoplosternum punctatum and Dianema longibarbis is sometimes confused. Hoplosternum punctatum has smaller eyes and the eye is just a little above the exact center of the side, see HERE; D. longibarbis has large eyes which are placed exactly on the sides, sometimes even a bit on the lower half. see HERE and HERE
In adults differences in bodyshape and armor are easier to spot; the pectoral shields in Hoplosternum punctatum leave a space in the center (females) or overlap (males), but in Dianema these are closely fitted together.
Within the genus of Dianema: D. longibarbis Clear tail fin, the only other member of the genus has horizontal black and white alternating stripes on caudal fin and is generally larger.
SexingFemales are larger than males but the difference is slight.
Jump to next section Habitat Information
DistributionWidespread in Peruvian and Brazilian creeks, ponds and rivers.
Amazon (click on these areas to find other species found there)
Amazon, Upper Amazon, Ampiyacu (click on these areas to find other species found there)
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pH5.8 - 7.8
Temperature24.0-28.0°C or 75.2-82.4°F (Show others within this range)
Other ParametersA hardy species that will adapt to most conditions.
Jump to next section Husbandry Information
FeedingVirtually all prepared foods. Feed sinking catfish pellets and frozen bloodworm specifically.
FurniturePlants are necessary to make this species feel at home. It rests under their shade and will come to rest on their upper leaves as it can often be found midway up the water column.
Suggested TankmatesSmall to medium characins; dward cichlids. Essentially any small to medium sized community fish. Not a good armoured catfish for the larger cichlid tank; go with Megalechis or Callichthys instead.
BreedingUnknown, see D. urostriata.
Jump to next section Further Information
ReferencesProc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila.v. 23 - pp276 - Pl. 7 (figs. 1, 1a-b)
Registered Keepers(1) TP, (2) Barracuda518 (k: 12), (3) bluenewt, (4) irshprncsk, (5) Cornuta, who also notes: "One individual in its 10th year with me and was an adult when I got it.", (6) Krib (k: 5), (7) mgamer20o0, (8) pdav (p: 2), (9) jacobhayes79, (10) Gerard Pennards (k: 5), (11) markhinch, (12) Noturus, (13) arapaimag (k: 4), (14) Starfish42, (15) barbatus_45 (p: 2, k: 2), (16) yogi88, (17) ali12345, (18) pinsonja (k: 4), (19) miguel mitchel (k: 4), (20) Akronsbiggest (k: 5), (21) TorillNB (k: 100), (22) monsterfishkeeper, (23) iafr11, (24) cowturtle, (25) Gulper.

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Breeding Reports(1) TorillNB (b: 13).
Article - CotM 2004 September
Article - Shane's World Reproduction Breeding the Porthole Catfish
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Last Update2008 Oct 24 01:16 (species record created: 2001 Apr 21 00:00)