Tawny Dragon Catfish, Amur Catfish, Yellow Catfish - Tachysurus fulvidraco (Richardson, 1846)
by Heok Hee Ng, uploaded October 01, 2003
This article has had 8126 hits. Photo credits for the images used in this article can be found on the Cat-eLog page.
|Cat-eLog Data Sheet|
|Scientific Name||Tachysurus fulvidraco (Richardson, 1846)|
|Common Name(s)||Tawny Dragon Catfish
Amur Catfish, Yellow Catfish
|Type Locality||Canton, China.|
|Synonym(s)||Bagrus calvarius, Macrones fulvidraco, Pelteobagrus fulvidraco, Pimelodus fulvidraco, Pseudobagrus fulvidraco, Silurus calvarius|
|Pronunciation||full vih DRAY ko|
|Etymology||The specific epithet is from ''fulva'', tawny, and ''draco'', dragon.|
|Size||345mm (13.6") SL. Find near, nearer or same sized spp.|
|Identification||Tachysurus can be identified by an extrascapular without a laterosensory canal, and a pterotic with a broad lateral laminar expansion. It is among the most speciose catfish groups in East Asia and its members inhabit habitats ranging from fast-flowing hillstreams to large rivers.
Yellow back, yellowish white belly, large and dark brown speckles on sides. Elongated body. Strong spines on pectoral fins with anterior and posterior serrations. Dorsal fin origin much before ventral fin origin. Has an adipose fin. Caudal fin deeply forked.
Is an important food fish in China and Korea. Soup made by simmering the fish with herbs and spices is considered to be a medicinal tonic in China.
Nowadays rarely seen in the hobby (at least in North America and Europe).
|Sexing||Adult males are larger than females.|
|Distribution||Nam Ma basin (Laos) and Viet Nam to south-eastern Siberia.
Ma (click on these areas to find other species found there)
Vietnam waters (click on these areas to find other species found there) (Click the map-icon to show/hide map of species distribution)
|IUCN Red List Status||Least Concern|
|pH||6.0 - 7.6|
|Temperature||16.0-25.0°C or 60.8-77°F (Show others within this range)|
|Other Parameters||A hardy fish that can live in a wide variety of conditions. This is a cold water fish, so heating is not necessary. Can be successfully maintained in outdoor ponds, assuming climate isn't too hot or cold.|
|Feeding||In nature, feeds at the bottom on insects (particularly on trichopterans and chironomids), molluscs and occasionally fishes. Not a fussy feeder in captivity.|
|Furniture||Inhabits streams and lakes with muddy and sandy bottoms. Best maintained in an aquarium of 55 gallons or larger. Provide ample hiding places.|
|Compatibility||Generally a peaceful, solitary fish. Should not be kept with small, slow-moving tank mates, as they may be eaten. As a temperate species, you might be tempted to keep it with goldfish. This is not a good idea, slower moving fish will have fins nipped and scales eaten. Fancy goldfish will fare even worse.|
|Suggested Tankmates||Larger cold water cyprinids such as carp, given its propensity for eating smaller tankmates.|
|Breeding||In nature, spawning occurs in summer. Males have been reported to guard both the eggs and larvae in the nest hole, previously dug by the male in the clay bottom. Fry typically hatch in two days. Commercially bred in ponds.|
|References||Rep. Brit. Assoc. Adv. Sci.15th meeting  - pp286|
|Registered Keepers||(1) Dave Rinaldo, (2) Jools (k: 2), who also notes: "Fin nippers!", (3) Silurus, (4) diburning, (5) vriesea, who also notes: "Bought as "Devil Cat" sold in January.", (6) RobDoran1, (7) yellowcat, who also notes: "Interesting sexual dimorphism, now fully grown, the female is only 5" long, the males were 12" long but have been sold. All were acquired same time @ 1 1/2"...", (8) straitjacketstar, (9) miles44 (k: 2), (10) pickles4601, (11) Skirge (p: 2), (12) mi-tatsu, (13) Birger, (14) arapaimag, (15) amiidae, (16) chris.west.curtis (p: 2).
Click on a username above to see all that persons registered catfish species. You can also view all "my cats" data for this species.
|Search Planet Catfish for more on Tachysurus fulvidraco|
|Look up Tachysurus fulvidraco on AquaticRepublic.com|
|BBCode||(for use in linking to this page from forum posts)|
|(for use in linking to the species from anywhere on the web)|
|Look up Tachysurus fulvidraco on Fishbase|
|Get or print a QR code for this species profile, or try our BETA label creator.|
|Last Update||2013 Sep 14 10:38 (species record created: 2001 May 03 00:00)|
Registered users: Amazonka, Bing [Bot], Google [Bot], Google Adsense [Bot], MSNbot Media