Cat-eLog Right Arrow Callichthyidae Right Arrow Callichthyinae Right Arrow Megalechis

Jump to next section Cat-eLog Data Sheet
Scientific Name Megalechis picta  (Müller & Troschel, 1848)
Common Names Tail Bar Hoplo
Bartail Hoplo, Tail Bar Armoured Catfish
Type Locality Mana, French Guiana
Synonym(s) Callichthys longifilis, Callichthys pictus, Callichthys sulcatus, Callichthys thoracatus, Hoplosternum orinocoi, Hoplosternum thoracatum
Pronunciation MEG ah LEK iss - pik tah
Etymology Megalechis: From the Greek megas, meaning large and lekis, meaning plate; in allusion to the extreme development of the coracoid bones on the breast of fully developed males. 
Jump to next section Species Information
Size 170mm or 6.7" SL. Find near, nearer or same sized spp.
Identification Can be distinguished from the similar M. thoracata by the conspicuous dark vertical band in the caudal fin. In M . thoracta the caudal fin is all-over greyish.
Sexing Males are larger and develop greatly lengthened pectoral fin rays. The males coracoids almost touch whilst the females (esp. if full of eggs) remain separate.
Jump to next section Habitat Information
Distribution East of the Andes in the northern portion of South America, including the Amazonas and Orinoco rivers, as well as the coastal drainages of the Guianas
Amazon (click on these areas to find other species found there)
Orinoco (click on these areas to find other species found there)
Guyana Waters, Coastal Rivers of Guyanas (click on these areas to find other species found there)
Amazon, Middle Amazon (Solimoes), Negro (click on these areas to find other species found there)

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pH 5.0 - 6.5
Temperature 18.0-28.0°C or 64.4-82.4°F (Show species within this range)
Other Parameters Not a delicate fish when it comes to water conditions. Ideally the water should also be a little soft. Tolerates very low-oxygen content.
Jump to next section Husbandry Information
Feeding Not a fussy eater, most foods are accepted. Bloodworm and sinking catfish tablets are best, but once established will eat flakes at the surface. Larger fish will take cichlid tablets / doromin.
Furniture Floating plants are a good idea although this fish will live happily on most set-ups.
Compatibility Peaceful and not predatory, although larger specimens can be downright boisterous at feeding time.
Suggested Tankmates Ideal for mid to large sized community tanks. Best kept with other similarly active bottom feeders such as Brochis, most Botia loaches. They are even tough enough to be kept with Labeo 'sharks' and similar. This is a good catfish for an active, lively set-up featuring, for example, barbs or rainbowfish.
Breeding Bubblenest builder. Well conditioned pairs should spawn readily, but a large water change should prompt spawning of a more reluctant pair.
Breeding Reports There is no breeding report.
Jump to next section Further Information
References Reisen in Britisch-Guiana, pp630.
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Last Update 2017 Oct 30 13:49 (species record created: 2001 Apr 21 00:00)