Catfish of the Month Right Arrow May 2013 • Article © Julian Dignall, uploaded May 27, 2013



False Bandit Cory, Panzerwels/Corydoras - Catfish (Germany) - Corydoras melini   Lönnberg & Rendahl, 1930

All corys are facultative air breathers, meaning that, depending on conditions, they have the ability to breathe atmospheric air, to a certain extent and if necessary. They do this by utilising a modified intestine, which has many more blood-carrying vessels than other fish, that assist in the uptake of atmospheric oxygen. This adaptation allows them to survive if their habitat becomes oxygen-deprived for any reason. In the wild, one can sit next to a still pool of water containing these fishes and watch it bubble here and there as they come up for air. In many cases Corys live in what we would call muddy water and can't be readily seen from solid ground. So, when attempting to collect them in the wild (at least if you're on your own with a decent-sized dip net) one can take a blind swipe at the water below such a bubble and this will yield a Cory from time to time.

In the aquarium they continue to do this. You'll see them darting to the surface to take in gulps of air on occasion. This is perfectly natural and no cause for concern unless the amount of dissolved oxygen present is lower than it should be, in which case the frequency of visits to the surface will usually rise correspondingly. Corys will often do this in quick succession, and a group of half a dozen or more Corys doing this is fun to watch.

Corydoras melini is a commonly imported species and can be confused with other wild imports such as C. davidsandsi andC. metae. All of these have both a vertical black stripe through the eye (hence the bandit mask common name) and a black stripe diagonally down the back. Generally, C. melini has a 'dirty' look to its flanks with haphazard touches of black colouration on the twin row of armour plates all Corys have. The reliable identification characteristic is the precise shape of the black stripe running from the lower dorsal fin area to the upper caudal fin. In C. metae this terminates at the caudal peduncle, leaving the tail fin clear and showing a short bar, vertically, on the caudal peduncle. In the other two species the stripe splits into two above the caudal peduncle, a feature most readily viewed from above. C. davidsandsi is also marginally more elongate (or lower in the body) and differs slightly in body colouration — it is paler and without even a hint of pigmentation on the flanks. C. melini is the overall sandy brown fish with those “dirty” marks and with a much higher body shape, akin to C. metae, hence the common name False Bandit Cory.

Acquiring a group of these attractive Corys will not, however, involve daylight robbery. Wild imports are inexpensive as Corys go and it's a species that is sometimes bred in captivity. Therefore it sometimes appears at breeder-friendly LFS and club / society auctions. Irrespective of the route this species is offered to you, it's a nice one to consider for a modest aquarium.


Copyright information for the images used in this article can be found on the species' full Cat-eLog page.

Jump to next section Cat-eLog Data Sheet
Scientific NameCorydoras melini  Lönnberg & Rendahl, 1930
Common NamesFalse Bandit Cory
Panzerwels/Corydoras - Catfish (Germany)
Type LocalityLuaretê (0°35'N, 69°13'W) at confluence of Rio Papurí and Rio Uaupés, Rio Negro system, Amazonas, Brazil.
PronunciationKory DOOR ass - mell INN eye
EtymologyCory = helmet, doras = skin. In this case it was incorrectly used to mean armour (cuirasse) instead of skin in allusion to the dual rows of plates that run along the flanks of this genus. Named to honour Dr. Doug Melin.
Jump to next section Species Information
Size 45mm or 1.8" SL. Find near, nearer or same sized spp.
IdentificationCorydoras are identified by their twin rows of armour plates along the flanks and by having fewer than 10 dorsal fin rays. They are most commonly confused with the other genera in the sub-family, namely Brochis, Scleromystax and Aspidoras.
Jump to next section Habitat Information
DistributionSouth America: Upper Negro and Meta River basins.
Orinoco, Middle Orinoco, Meta (click on these areas to find other species found there)
Amazon, Middle Amazon (Solimoes), Negro, Upper Negro (click on these areas to find other species found there)
Show it on a map (Click the map-icon to show/hide map of species distribution)
IUCN Red List StatusLeast Concern
Temperature22.0-26.0°C or 71.6-78.8°F (Show species within this range)
Jump to next section Husbandry Information
BreedingHas been bred in the aquarium.
Jump to next section Further Information
ReferencesArk. Zool.v. 22 A (no. 5) - pp1 - Fig. 1
Registered Keepers(1) racer36, (2) soltarii007, (3) Yan, (4) certan, (5) Andersonic (k: 2), (6) fulvioander (k: 3), (7) jollysue (k: 4), (8) awzen, (9) glenny, (10) cbr6fs (k: 3), (11) Birger Amundsen, (12) Gry, (13) amergim, (14) apisto-nut, (15) miq (p: 3), (16) Kampfer, (17) chralis, (18) Crel, (19) arzerkle, (20) xander (k: 2), (21) OldMan (k: 5), (22) madattiver, (23) Nick44 (k: 2), (24) saphphx (k: 6), (25) Nx7 (k: 4), (26) fishpimpin, (27) suntsu69 (k: 5), (28) somename, (29) nasdaq77, (30) Mowin (k: 3), (31) jvision (k: 12), (32) retroculus, (33) Mark Roesner, (34) Torb, (35) KansasGuppyGuy (k: 21), (36) mace, (37) james gilbertson (k: 2), (38) steveh28 (k: 6), (39) mani29 (k: 7), (40) Vess, (41) seba089 (k: 6), (42) len.weideman, (43) Sarajute, (44) estherevans, (45) gossei (k: 5), (46) backstreetgambler (k: 7), (47) MattP (k: 10), (48) azura, (49) jodilynn, (50) dutchessfishgeek, (51) Stefanus, (52) Lee Meadows, (53) hoplo (k: 7), (54) Sean B, (55) Ozboy (k: 10), (56) slayer5590, (57) LostYeti (k: 7), (58) Mol_PMB (k: 13), who also notes: "Spawned about 20 eggs in java moss, my first spawning which produced a few fry but none survived.", (59) Milo (k: 7), who also notes: "Breeding Group of 7 adults", (60) Nabobmob1 (k: 7), (61) rcbows (k: 3), (62) ravenxcoree (k: 2), (63) rmc, (64) MontheFash, (65) scandicman (k: 9), (66) ahxw (k: 4), (67) Zulan, (68) CharlieM9, (69) benma (k: 3), (70) Mvinyl (k: 7), (71) Narwhal72, (72) DJay, (73) Horgrim (k: 25), (74) anchorist, (75) Mathias, (76) Junglejason (p: 2), (77) matte s, (78) catquariauk, (79) bedwetter, (80) jmw975, (81) protopterus, (82) Tony4143.

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Breeding Reports(1) Mol_PMB (b: 45), (2) Zulan (b: 44), (3) steveh28 (b: 39), (4) jmw975 (b: 36), (5) rcbows (b: 11).
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Last Update2013 May 27 19:48 (species record created: 2013 May 27 19:43)

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