Taking time out from from an exciting new book project, the Catfish Study Group (UK)'s chairman and self confessed Corydoras nut, Ian Fuller introduces this month's chosen species.
From the time of its first description in 1971, this species was destined to become a favourite amongst aquarists. There were reports of it being bred in Germany in the late 1970's. However it took a few more years before it made its way into the hobby in any appreciable numbers. The first importation unto the UK came in 1983 with the price of individual fish being very high and beyond the reach of many. However it was not very long before they were commonplace in most fish shops and even after more than twenty years in the hobby they are still as popular as ever.
With their distinctive colours of a light golden tan body with large black spot at the caudal peduncle, black mask across the eye and the large blotch in the dorsal fin, they were aptly named after the Giant Panda, Ailuropoda melanoleuca.
This is a species that has everything going for it. Good looks; size, growing no larger than 50mm SL, for females and 45mm SL for males; ease of breed-ability. All in all a fish suitable for virtually any size of aquarium and hardy enough for even the least experienced novice.
Their basic requirements would be an aquarium with a substrate of a shallow layer of smooth grained sand with groups of largish pebbles, some floating plants to emulate the overhanging vegetation on the banks of their natural habitat in the Rio Aquas and Rio Amarillas, which are tributaries of the Rio Pachitea, Rio Ucayali system. The dietary requirements for this species is easy to provide, they are not fussy and most of the proprietary foods are readily accepted, but the addition of live foods, such as Daphnia, bloodworm or Tubifex will bring them into breeding condition very quickly.
A word of warning with this species is needed however; if they are kept in communal groups with some of the other similarly coloured Corydoradinae species there is a danger of hybridising taking place.
Copyright information for the images used in this article can be found on the species' full Cat-eLog page.
|Cat-eLog Data Sheet|
|Scientific Name||Corydoras panda Nijssen & Isbrücker, 1971|
|Common Names||Panda Cory
Panda Corydoras, Panda-pansermalle (Denmark), Panzerwels (Germany)
|Type Locality||Aquas Amarillas, trib. of Río Pachitea, Río Ucayali system, Huanuco, Peru.|
|Pronunciation||Kory DOOR ass - PANN dah|
|Etymology||Cory = helmet, doras = skin. In this case it was incorrectly used to mean armour (cuirasse) instead of skin in allusion to the dual rows of plates that run along the flanks of this genus. Panda in allusion to the Chinese mammal - see ID notes.|
|Size||50mm or 2" SL. Find near, nearer or same sized spp.|
|Identification||Corydoras are identified by their twin rows of armour plates along the flanks and by having fewer than 10 dorsal fin rays. They are most commonly confused with the other genera in the sub-family, namely Brochis, Scleromystax and Aspidoras.
Corydoras panda has a light colored body with black blob covering their eyes (like the panda), a black spot the dorsal fin, and a spot on or near the base of the caudal fin.
|Sexing||Females are more rubust. The male has more of a streamlined body while the female is more rounded when viewed fromt he side. Easiest to view from the top. While breeding the female will be carrying the eggs with her ventral fins.|
|General Remarks||First collected for aquarium hobbyists in 1969 by Foersch and Hanrieder. They were first collected in a mountain brook at the side of the Rio Lullapichis (Ucayali/Peru).|
|Distribution||South America: Peru: Ucayali Basin
Amazon, Upper Amazon, Marañón, Ucayali (click on these areas to find other species found there)
Log in to view species occurence data on a map.
|pH||6.0 - 7.4|
|Temperature||22.0-25.0°C or 71.6-77°F (Show species within this range)|
|Other Parameters||Soft to moderate hardness - dGH 2-12.|
|Feeding||Suggested foods are high quality flake foods, sinking wafers, frozen blood worms, grindal worms, tubificid worms.|
|Furniture||Sandy bottom with an open swimming space lined with bogwood and plants to retreat into.|
|Compatibility||Peaceful community fish.|
|Suggested Tankmates||Small peaceful characins or other non aggressive community fish. Keep in shoals.|
|Breeding||Not too difficult, will breed as per any Corydoras species giving a good diet and water conditions, and water changes of a lower temperature to induce spawning. Two males to one female or one pair. Setup could be a 18''x12''x12'' tank with sand or bare bottom with Java moss, Java fern and a sponge filter, adding if you like a power filter for extra aeration and circulation of the water all leading to a hopefully successful spawning.|
|Breeding Reports||There are 28 breeding reports, read them all here.|
|References||Beaufortiav. 18 (no. 239) - pp186 - Fig. 2|
|Registered Keepers||Keeping this species? Why not .
There are 457 registered keepers, view all "my cats" data.
|Wishlists||Love this species? Click the heart to add it to your wish list.
There are 2 wishes to keep this species, see who wants what.
|Spotters||Spotted this species somewhere? Click the binoculars!
There are 29 records of this fish being seen, view them all.
|More on Corydoras panda|
|Look up Corydoras panda on AquaticRepublic.com|
|BBCode||(use in forum posts)|
|Look up Corydoras panda on Fishbase|
|Get or print a QR code for this species profile, or try our LFS label creator.|
|Last Update||2013 Jul 19 18:47 (species record created: 2005 May 01 11:22)|
Back to Catfish of the Month index.