Catfish of the Month Right Arrow July 1997 • Article © Julian Dignall, uploaded July 01, 1997

L083, L165, Sail Fin Pleco, Gibby, Leopardplettet Sugemalle (Denmark), Sejlfinnet Leopardmalle (Denmark), Waben-Schilderwels (Germany) - Pterygoplichthys gibbiceps   (Kner, 1854)

When I first started to become intersted in catfish, the sailfin plec or gibby (which still doesn't seem to be a widespread term) was still only available as 2-3" wild caught specimens at around £10 upwards. These fish were often different in pattern and colour ranging from nice to spectacular. Every now and again an adult fish would appear for sale at 12" plus with a huge dorsal fin and directly proportional price tag.

In my view, the only down-side of commercial breeding is that you don't get the odd-balls and regional colour variations that appear in shipments of wild caught fish. When looking at Sailfin Plecs in the shops, they all look the same now. Mind you, I still look just in case! There is now the almost monthly influx of other new plecs to the hobby, so suckermouth fans remain well catered for. On the subject of unusual imports, there is also an albino strain of this fish which is hard to acquire.

Progress has given us commercially bred Sailfin Plecs and these can be found on a visit to most aquatic shops most of the time. You should be able to find an adult (which has usually been returned upon outgrowing its owner's provision for it) without much difficulty. Commercial breeding has dropped the price and made this fish readily available at an affordable price for all aquarists. The cloud of this particular silver lining is that this has led to the fish being sold cheaply at the 1-2" mark which invariably means more people will buy them unaware of the 18" gentle monster they are now responsible for.

Growing gibbiceps shouldn't be a problem for most 3ft or larger aquariums as most shops will happily swap a well-fed healthy 8" gibby for a scrawny 1-2" juvenile. The dealer gets a nice fish to sell; the aquarist gets the fun of raising another of these fish. Most importantly the plecos get moved to tanks suited to their size. As an aside to this someone setting up, for example, a mid-sized cichlid tank will have a ready made supply of suitably sized algae eaters/worker catfish to buy "off the shelf". Excepting raising cichlids and plecos from youngsters together, it is easiest to add adult plecs to big fish tanks than throw in a few youngsters with adult fish and hope for the best.

Finally an advert. I once put a 6" gibby in a 4'x2'x2' that could only be described as green. In 48 hours the tank, the rocks, the bogwood and even the individual pieces of gravel were spotless! The only problems were enormous amount of 'processed' algae from the back end of the gibby and what to feed it next. It now demolishes a cucumber per fortnight along with sinking catfish tablets. I ended up adding an external power filter just to look after the huge quantities of green waste (no pun intended!) these fish produce.

Copyright information for the images used in this article can be found on the species' full Cat-eLog page.

Jump to next section Cat-eLog Data Sheet
Scientific NamePterygoplichthys gibbiceps  (Kner, 1854)
Common NamesL083, Sail Fin Pleco
L165, Gibby, Leopardplettet Sugemalle (Denmark), Sejlfinnet Leopardmalle (Denmark), Waben-Schilderwels (Germany)
Type LocalityRio Negro bei Marabitanos
Synonym(s)Ancistrus gibbiceps, Glyptoperichthys gibbiceps, Liposarcus altipinnis
Pronunciationterry gop LICK thees - gibb EE seps
EtymologyGreek, pterygion, diminutive of pteryx = wing, fin + Greek, hoplon = weapon + Greek, ichthys = fish. This specific epithet refers to the hump (gibbus=hump) on its head (kephale=head).
Jump to next section Species Information
Size 450mm or 17.7" SL. Find near, nearer or same sized spp.
IdentificationPterygoplichthys can be identified by the number of rays in the dorsal fin. More than 10 indicates that it's a Pterygoplichthys. Most other plecos have 8 or fewer rays (in particular the larger Hypostomus species that are most likely to be confused with Pterygoplichthys).

The trademark spotted sailfin makes this a distinctive species.
Jump to next section Habitat Information
DistributionWidespread throughout the Peruvian & Brazilian Amazon. Also known from the Rio Orinoco.
Amazon (click on these areas to find other species found there)
Orinoco (click on these areas to find other species found there)
Show it on a map (Click the map-icon to show/hide map of species distribution)
pH6.5 - 7.8
Temperature23.0-27.0°C or 73.4-80.6°F (Show species within this range)
Other ParametersLarger fish require heavy filtration, not because they are fussy about water quality, but because of the high volumes of waste they produce.
Jump to next section Husbandry Information
FeedingLettuce, Peas, Frozen Spinach and any prepared food that reaches the bottom. Larger fish enjoy prawns or pieces of freshwater trout. Algae (especially soft brown) will be eaten immediately.
FurnitureAn appropriately sized shady retreat is all this fish requires. Will not eat plants, but any individual larger then 100mm or so may inadvertently pull up plants that are not entirely established. Larger fish require heavy filtration, not because they are fussy about water quality, but because of the high volumes of waste they produce.
CompatibilityLarger individuals are territorial to conspecifics however not predatory and able to look after itself with all but the most violent tank mates.
Suggested TankmatesHardy and stoic, a good companion fish for most larger fishes. Not a good pleco to keep with other similarly sized, less gregarious plecos as the P. gibbiceps will usually win any competition for food.
BreedingAlthough commercially farmed, spawning in a home aquarium would be very difficult to achieve as a large wall of mud (I.E. a river bank) is tunnelled into and used for the incubation / hatching process. Large tunnels and fish would be required in a super-size aquarium.
Jump to next section Further Information
ReferencesDenkschriften der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe. v. 7, pp 284 [34], Pl. 5 (fig. 2)
Registered Keepers(1) synoguy, (2) natefrog, (3) kcmt01, (4) arapaima, (5) Daniel Machado, (6) walkinjay81, (7) spencerdeluxe, (8) dewitt_discus, (9) Trident2004, (10) vriesea (k: 2), who also notes: "Very beautiful and common pleco. Do a great job of keeping the tank clean.", (11) Chrysichthys, (12) Lornek8, (13) lordotterby, (14) guillermo racines, (15) fmagnier, (16) guyvw (p: 2), (17) clunkster, (18) woofess, (19) petri, (20) FishGeek, (21) VirgoWolf, (22) FuglyDragon, (23) nettaigyo, (24) Zigismund, who also notes: " This is exciting.. A new Cat and fairly big as well(18cm) :-) Hope my 420L Malawi tank will do..", (25) Jack McDonald, who also notes: "Mine is quite secretive, coming out only when all is quiet in the house. ", (26) Owch, (27) Cicolid, (28) Cooky_luvs, (29) morkaren, (30) Chi-Chi, (31) MisanthropeKitty, (32) Kattes (p: 2), (33) pleco_keepin_bear, (34) gixir, (35) humle, (36) bluenewt, (37) anthony mcdonald, (38) Bas Pels (k: 2), (39) yogi69 (k: 2), who also notes: "both have about 4"", (40) kurasaki, (41) Benjamin, (42) Picklee (p: 3), (43) holing007, (44) DutchFry, (45) Carp37, (46) Landlubber, (47) Snowy (k: 15), (48) Simonh1, (49) rosemarydawn, (50) lene.keiserud, (51) Junttis, (52) mouseninja (p: 2), (53) alcyst (p: 3), (54) killerklown, (55) steelhead99, (56) tezr, (57) loloveto, (58) jippo, (59) Ben-cgn, (60) gmer4life, who also notes: "i saw this fish and had to have it. its got an amazing dorsal fin.", (61) jb92 (k: 4), (62) Troender, (63) CoryLoachFreak (p: 2), (64) theonetruepath, (65) fraggle, (66) JohnB, (67) Colin Keightley (p: 2, k: 2), (68) NHL, (69) RayGnz (k: 2), (70) myrheksa (k: 4), (71) midnightrider, (72) Pungen (k: 4), (73) TheSpuDGuN, (74) joe.juice13, (75) Plunt, (76) SoCalDiscus, (77) Moosipher (p: 2, k: 2), (78) pirate monkey (p: 2, k: 2), who also notes: "Eats pretty much anything, loves veg. Very active plec.", (79) miravns, (80) kubastanik, (81) canuckgirleh, (82) aledk85, (83) Numbers, (84) MADRacing (k: 4), (85) aaalrust, (86) panaquesta (p: 6), (87) Violence, (88) launcap, who also notes: "About 14 inches long. Got it as an adult in 1998", (89) Lubbe, (90) Tasplec (k: 2), (91) inkyjenn, (92) iam1ru12 (p: 2, k: 2), who also notes: "Albino", (93) plecko, (94) cathje (k: 2), (95) Growler, (96) HeadHunter, (97) speedy231278 (p: 2, k: 3), (98) whitewaves, (99) gwa84, (100) dr_evil_01 (k: 2), (101) doesdavid, (102) TE72, (103) Sandtiger, (104) smallpurplecat (p: 2), (105) Khalid, (106) Static, (107) fusco, (108) Tracey, (109) Breezer, (110) ElTofi (p: 2, k: 2), who also notes: "a sweetheart... of 45 cm yet ! in the 1600 liters...", (111) pmbooper (k: 2), who also notes: "4 inch sailfin in 40 gal. moving 7 inch sailfin to 1000 gal. ", (112) Turbo, (113) andy.cole94, (114) Pain, (115) Juha, (116) drgold (k: 2), (117) Mike C, (118) Lenna, (119) judeblackburn, (120) Munky, (121) vernonlarge, (122) aznfish, (123) nyamaoan (k: 2), (124) oliv67, (125) Freddy, (126) Flex, (127) saphphx, (128) jprp, (129) Derzel, (130) raymond, (131) matthewfaulkner, (132) naturalart, (133) Helghan Sniper, (134) lnumbers63 (k: 2), who also notes: "As at 25/10/2009 I have 2 - about 14" and 10" in length. Larger fish a beautiful specimen with great sailfin and tail. These fish are great in a larger community tank but do produce a lot of waste.", (135) Gibbiceps, (136) niallborwell, (137) drpleco, (138) ligon, (139) misscoturnix, (140) Wallace (k: 2), (141) jscoggs27 (k: 3), (142) makok, (143) pickles4601, (144) sampster5000, (145) cory777, (146) EHEIM~ADDICT (p: 2), (147) duequattro, (148) Bartman (k: 2), (149) smitty (p: 4, k: 4), (150) puresp (k: 2), (151) Tony, (152) drgnfrc13, (153) salvador60, (154) Jonaseddie, (155) wimmels, (156) natteheks, (157) nixmix, (158) tinamoubird, (159) bcmitchell, (160) jnakers, (161) tijani, (162) GER1023, (163) robb harriston (k: 2), (164) highoctane500 (p: 2, k: 2), (165) NC24, (166) wolverine2031, (167) Sooperblooper, (168) Brisch, (169) plecorocks, (170) danlinn, (171) tsoum, who also notes: "Great plec, with great personality!", (172) aquaoahu, (173) jenniebean, (174) andysfishhouse, (175) Profiel310 (p: 2), (176) WoonyFishMan, (177) Joost, (178) theviper06, who also notes: "Leo", (179) simmy, (180) Darren Balch, (181) Mezel, (182) nerdoutlaw (k: 2), (183) bluestbluedog, (184) arapaimag, (185) dav, (186) tomk2u, (187) linden09, (188) tsvjus, (189) clydeboy (k: 2), (190) Dan101, (191) Seagirt, (192) milosz, (193) Kataterfish (k: 2), (194) wendy333, (195) Alisana, (196) aeonone87, (197) banuisce, (198) allpuffedup, who also notes: "He is the spunkiest fish I know. He's super-active (even during the day) and LOVES fresh zucchini. When I got him, I had a pretty bad algae problem, but he ate through all of it in 24 hours. Lots of fun to keep, very entertaining. And he doesn't care at all that my cats chase him all day.", (199) Bruton, (200) diikis (p: 2), (201) Margie (k: 2), (202) henward, (203) Mcjlance, (204) nedara, (205) crusnik (k: 2), who also notes: "Two small ones, round 23cm", (206) slimrs, (207) BernieEcht, (208) AndyW555, (209) CrystalCatfish, (210) Michael_Wanga, (211) yogi88, (212) Med90, who also notes: "My gibbiceps always loses a fight for food against a common pleco and generaly backs away at the sight of a common pleco", (213) todd1978, (214) Dotty66, (215) mjh712, (216) thefredpit, (217) victoriaz24, (218) seriouslycichlids (k: 2), (219) pereli, (220) kawa85, (221) merit, (222) mikemaes, who also notes: "Dumped in my favorite shop by previous owners for growing to large. In my tank he (she) grew 50mm in 4 months.", (223) Xoffus, who also notes: "I have an albino, a very friendly active pleco, I spot it at any give time during the day, always scrounging around, not territorial in any sence,sits on wood, plants and glass.", (224) dvdrew, (225) miguel mitchel, (226) agustingonzalez, (227) linuxrulesusa (k: 3), (228) AlphaWolf1995, (229) sem87, (230) James.feenan, (231) jonhybravo2 (k: 2), who also notes: "I have two of these I believe. One looks almost like the picture on the site and the other I question. The smaller of the two I am sure is a common but has not grown much since I bought it. The other has grown like I has given it fertilizer. The dorsal and tail fin have a orange trim on them which makes me wonder about it. It is beautiful and big but not sure what it is.", (232) mrsjdean, (233) ahasting, (234) stephen.mabwa (k: 2), (235) metalrobotdog, (236) bullseyejoey4, (237) p44236, (238) Animusartificio, (239) Dark Rose, who also notes: "Wrong species tagged, still waiting on correct ID.", (240) BlackSouL, (241) ryanj612, (242) Jacksta (k: 2), (243) RichardD, (244) daniel60, (245) nicofish, (246) emacartoon, (247) slayer5590, (248) camillajakobsen93 (k: 2), (249) Divemaster, (250) Shanaitan, (251) inatthedeepend, who also notes: "We think he(she?) is beautiful - although developing the stockier form that apparently characterises the female of the species. Since I can't afford a 10 foot tank, and the breeding requirement are a little difficult, we may never know, although currently we're calling her "Lady Pleckington-Smythe".", (252) funkyt, (253) kieshara, (254) Altifrons, (255) ChristianKline, (256) PlecoLover2721, (257) secuono, (258) GreenSynoMan, (259) TigerPleco2014 (p: 2), who also notes: "Heavily nocturnal. Needs aquariums 60 liters and above.", (260) bassgenie, (261) Clavius, (262) justarn, (263) PurecoYSS (k: 4), (264) TheDoctor, who also notes: "Thriving", (265) jr0124, (266) Sugeknight, (267) mcesario, (268) janmoto (k: 5), (269) madpeace21, (270) MEGADETH1111, (271) TheFishGuy, (272) JeanPro, (273) Avasion, (274) Faolun, (275) anna*, (276) CoryCatfish1212, (277) Malek, (278) Reteos, (279) vowhis (k: 3), (280) KSquared, (281) pleconut, (282) fishyNZ, (283) Annamtau, (284) johanwre, (285) Maxpedley, (286) Aquadank1 (k: 4), (287) Zakqary, (288) Tidebreaker, (289) troi, (290) NI7S2S0AN, (291) johnkim1224, (292) CesarPleco, (293) Bradcc, (294) Flatdog, (295) fishiephil (k: 2), (296) Mogl, (297) unicornfish, (298) PHHorst (k: 2), (299) OEriksen, (300) Justin8485 (p: 2, k: 2), who also notes: "Albino".

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Last Update2014 Mar 31 12:19 (species record created: 1997 Jul 01 11:22)

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