https://link.springer.com/article/10.10 ... 20-00843-3
The wels catfish Silurus glanis is valuable fish for aquaculture. Its production relies mainly on artificial reproduction. One of the crucial steps determining success of the reproduction is elimination of egg stickiness after fertilization. To date, the catfish egg de-adhesion is usually carried out using proteolytic enzymes. Here, we prove a novel method based on oxidation of the egg surface by means of sodium hypochlorite. An effect of different exposure times and concentrations on the egg adhesiveness and damage was tested in the first trial. The selected concentration of sodium hypochlorite 0.3 mg · l−1 with exposure time 40 s was used for comparison with the conventical de-adhesion method using alcalase treatment. The fertilization and hatching rates reached very satisfactory outcome in both treatments (98.3 ± 0.7% vs 97.5 ± 2.2% and 86.6 ± 8.3% vs 91.3 ± 8.5% in alcalase- and sodium hypochlorite-treated embryos, respectively) without any statistical differences. Thus, the de-adhesion method using sodium hypochlorite can be recommended as a suitable method for wels catfish eggs. The method is simple, cheap, very fast, and the treated eggs are disinfected.