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Cat-eLog Right Arrow Loricariidae Right Arrow Hypostominae Right Arrow Baryancistrus

Jump to next section Cat-eLog Data Sheet
Scientific Name Baryancistrus xanthellus  Rapp Py-Daniel, Zuanon & Ribeiro de Oliveira , 2011
Common Name(s) L018, Gold Nugget Pleco
L085, L177, LDA060
Type Locality Brazil, Pará, Senador José Porfírio, rio Xingu in the vicinity of the cachoeira Buraco do Inferno, 03°27'07''S 51°41'53''W
Pronunciation bah ree ann siss truss
Etymology Greek, barys = heavy + Greek, agkistron = hook - Essentially "Heavy Ancistrus". From the Greek xanthellus, yellow, in allusion to the bright color of the specimens.
Jump to next section Species Information
Size 240mm (9.4") SL. Find near, nearer or same sized spp.
Identification With the exception of L081 (not mentioned in the description of B. xanthellus), the combination of yellow markings on the dorsal and caudal fin and numerous yellow spots on the body is specific to this species. L177 is a variety with larger spots more obvious in younger specimens and LDA060 is a variety with ill formed spots or flakes.
Sexing Dimorphism is difficult to notice unless the fish are at full breeding size. Males have a flatter, more levelled slope to their foreheads and are slightly wider about the head. Females have a more rounded forehead and are slightly plumper at the mid body when in spawning condition. There is no noticeable difference in odontodal growth in either gender.
Jump to next section Habitat Information
Distribution This species has been recorded from the area called Volta Grande do rio Xingu, an area immediately above Belo Monte falls, and from rio Iriri, the larger tributary of rio Xingu. L177 is from further upstream near the where the Rio Iriri joins the Xingu.
Amazon, Lower Amazon, Xingu, Lower Xingu (click on these areas to find other species found there)
Amazon, Lower Amazon, Xingu, Iriri (click on these areas to find other species found there)
Show it on a map (Click the map-icon to show/hide map of species distribution)
pH 6.4 - 7.6
Temperature 25.0-30.0°C or 77-86°F (Show others within this range)
Other Parameters Clear with a noticeable current.
Jump to next section Husbandry Information
Feeding These fish are grazers, but not in the sense that they eat only vegetation. They actually sift and chew at the film of organic matter on hard surfaces in search of higher protein foods. In the wild this would constitute mainly of algae and vegetable matter, but with a variety of foods from small insect larvae and crustaceans to other animals eggs. With this in mind, a largely vegetarian diet, cucumber and courgette appear on the accepted menu, with treats of frozen foods such as bloodworm and blackworm, along with frozen prawns. Algae and plants are avoided. Accepted food morsel size changes with age in all of these fish. Best results are obtained by offer these foods in a paste. The very long intestine of these fishes indicates a biology adapted to breaking down food high in vegetable content.
Furniture Bogwood and rock caves. Plants are up to you but won't be molested by the fish.
Compatibility Gold nuggets are territorial to other bottom dwellers and downright vicious to other gold nuggets. This stems from a desire to find and defend the best spawning cave, so take this into account if you plan to introduce these fish into a catfish tank. They do well in a community environment that fits their other requirements. Be careful with adult fish, they can kill each other in a crowded space.
Suggested Tankmates Although strong currents are needed for breeding attempts, only good water quality and a high temperature are required for this fishes successful onward maintenance. Thus, characins are good biotope fish but you could look further afield at discus and gouramis. Most other cichlids tend to over compete for food with these fish, so be careful especially when introducing new gold nuggets.
Breeding Well documented breeding in captivity has been accomplished once. The fishes had a very specialised diet of blended meat, fish and vegetables and were kept in a large aquarium with lots of current, high DO and spawned at 30°C. The free swimming fry were fed the same food to raise them.
Jump to next section Further Information
References Neotropical Ichthyology vol.9 no.2, pp 242, Figs. 1-2.
Registered Keepers (1) MatsP, (2) synoguy, (3) xingumike, (4) Cory-Diddi (p: 2), (5) dewitt_discus, (6) Kristofer, (7) Bengt F (k: 2), (8) Barbie (k: 2), (9) spencerdeluxe, (10) Trident2004, (11) Lornek8 (p: 2), (12) Persephone, (13) vriesea, who also notes: "I have had problems keeping. Had 5 over the past year, now have only one, but he's been around since the beginning. Died in March", (14) drgold (p: 2, k: 2), (15) guyvw, (16) DarkAtlas (p: 2), (17) azfisher (k: 4), (18) petri, (19) Blue, (20) henkhugo, (21) FuglyDragon, who also notes: "Difficult to acclimitise, definately prefers fast flowing water Lost in xingu tank crash 2012 after 7 years had grown to about size of my hand", (22) Zigismund (k: 2), who also notes: " They are small just 5-6 cm yet. A little shy and not so forward as the ancistrus, and hence not as fat and fast growing.. The second fish I bought died after 5 days 450kr (65$) down the drain. :-( But the new one is thriving, on its own speed. :-)", (23) Edris, (24) Slimlim, (25) Brotox (p: 4), (26) Darren C, (27) Freakdaddy, (28) humle, (29) k1ttyme0w, (30) barksten, (31) dracoz, (32) prutsprogrammeur (k: 6), (33) Plecofanatic1989, (34) Poshpleco (p: 2), (35) MONG, (36) cmstwc, (37) layzmob, (38) Walter, (39) rosemarydawn, (40) chillired (p: 2), (41) magnar30, (42) goodmike (k: 4), (43) trini_100 (p: 3), (44) storch31 (p: 2), (45) alexmuchtar, (46) simonas, (47) scouse_andy, (48) valkat, (49) loloveto, (50) ilovemyplecs, (51) LUISGOREY (p: 2), (52) ChristosB (k: 3), (53) Troender (k: 2), (54) Hammerhead, who also notes: "Rarely seen during the day.", (55) jasonplec1, (56) Cdn Glenwood, (57) pisces, (58) NHL, (59) midnightrider, (60) Lord_Dovii, (61) ayshea, (62) kfreedman, (63) wesman (p: 2), (64) lewishan, (65) SoCalDiscus (p: 2), (66) TheSpuDGuN, (67) miravns, (68) elbowjuice, (69) worldwide73, (70) jac (k: 2), who also notes: "L81, starting a breeding attempt this summer.", (71) plumbob3VRK6J5, (72) Lubbe, (73) PGR (k: 2), (74) Jeff12, (75) River Dog, (76) eliy7 (p: 2), (77) zhallam, (78) soltarii007, (79) 78bill, (80) Hobby, (81) uyaffe, (82) fleahound (k: 2), (83) junaid, (84) wiseoldowl, (85) jgvenn (k: 2), (86) Doug205 (p: 2), (87) pureplecs (k: 2), (88) Thomas Lagesen, (89) dragonfish, (90) munki (p: 2), (91) tvwav, (92) lighting (p: 2), (93) novice, (94) bcb, (95) Melchior, (96) thejudgement, (97) cichlidguy (k: 3), (98) ElTofi (p: 2, k: 5), who also notes: "removed into a 375 liters. Objective : breeding on the base of Mr. Leuenberger notes and tips", (99) pmbooper, who also notes: "6 inch gold nugget in 65 gal.", (100) smsjazz81, (101) José Maria, (102) Ruudjjuhh, (103) sunfish, (104) Haavard Stoere (k: 15), (105) upc239 (k: 2), who also notes: "Hangs upside down on wood most of time. Likes Zuchinni.", (106) AI27, (107) PlecoCrazy (k: 4), (108) andy75, (109) Jackie, (110) royaldragoness (p: 2, k: 2), (111) Juha, (112) Rohan Richardson (p: 4), (113) Mike C, (114) wilpleco, (115) Krib, (116) crazylegs (p: 2), (117) anestesia (p: 2), (118) Bacce, (119) thicis, (120) KAROBA (k: 2), (121) TheSmurfinator, (122) catfishmike, (123) dr_philatelist, (124) justin_cu (p: 2), (125) ewurm, (126) drd, (127) Suckermouth, (128) judeblackburn, (129) cakky, (130) elmar, (131) eelkie, (132) Neri2495, (133) Ullopincrate, (134) Bjørn (p: 2), (135) fuzzytigerbird, (136) EHEIM~ADDICT (p: 2), (137) duequattro, (138) sterlingtjones, (139) oli (k: 4), (140) jessonthenet, who also notes: "Did not have much luck with this species. Lasted a matter of weeks as refused to eat. Found this tricky but beautiful looking fish which is what made me buy it. I would try again with this species but would be worried about the finicky eating habits. Great for tanks with algae problems. Don't think I had enough natural algae in the tank and it would not touch wafers.", (141) Nanu156, (142) Derzel, (143) kouen, (144) electrophyste, (145) Kenny Tay, (146) salvador60, (147) ChanggyChinggy (p: 2), (148) barry555 (p: 2), (149) stensson (k: 3), (150) smitty (p: 4, k: 4), who also notes: "Officially confirmed no longer in tank. Believe to have been eaten by Vieja Maculicauda.", "Had not seen since 4/16/2011. Moved ev", "Loss due to hurricane Irene", (151) Buc_Nasty (p: 2), (152) bulldogsimon, (153) rhibear, (154) genuinex, (155) tinamoubird (p: 2), (156) bcmitchell (p: 2, k: 2), (157) tspaceace68, (158) cjhoogma (k: 5), (159) Rabbit (p: 3, k: 8), (160) NC24, (161) alasia, (162) Matt30 (k: 2), (163) Steen (k: 3), (164) tony57 (k: 4), (165) Hansen (k: 2), (166) Donald, (167) TerryCherry, (168) Acanthicus, (169) plecomanpat (p: 3, k: 6), (170) hankinswood, (171) Profiel310, (172) idudi, (173) scorpia9100, (174) Onatopa, (175) zoom, (176) arapaimag, (177) firefish11, who also notes: "Easily one of the prettiest plecos out there. Seems to be more nocturnal then some other plecos though.", (178) 2wheelsx2, who also notes: "Still quarantining in 46 bow. Didn't make quarantine.", (179) FFTRIP, (180) JamesStuddart (p: 2, k: 2), (181) Ecrevince (k: 2), (182) CUPfishhead (k: 6), who also notes: "Growing out 3 juv. in a 30 and 2 adults and one juv. in a 55 discus tank. Feed repashy meat and auchwuch diet along with frozen bloodworms algae wafers and shrimp pellets", (183) Bubbles2112, (184) tomk2u, (185) Bary7, (186) cdc069, (187) elcucuu, (188) naboo, (189) Hapahound1971, (190) kiwiplymouth, (191) krazyGeoff, (192) Max Chumachenko (k: 20), (193) Terrycherry, (194) snike, (195) john82, (196) fester, (197) den bruine, (198) Copp81, (199) mrfishydude, (200) Mcjlance, (201) nessaja, (202) OlePaulsen (k: 6), who also notes: "High temperature, good circulation and veggie food and they are doing fine", (203) janne dahle (k: 2), (204) chriscarnivorous, (205) FrankvdB (p: 2), (206) browny85, (207) plecolee, (208) Brisch, (209) HERVE, (210) lasteeves, (211) eyal8a (k: 2), (212) tomr (p: 2, k: 2), (213) yogi88, (214) darryl180, (215) Syno Rey (p: 2), (216) alleykat, (217) jay_leask, (218) mangopleco, (219) Id16, (220) SPTom (p: 2), who also notes: "82 degF quiet and secretive fellow", (221) MrDimmu, (222) kitbuilder, (223) botguy13, who also notes: "L177", (224) purorock327, (225) camtang, (226) Kongstedt, (227) leberruyer, (228) antec, (229) ChrisScholes260, (230) Nobettername, (231) crazyjock, (232) cjerrom (p: 3), (233) taz68, (234) Narwhal72, (235) chaim76, (236) Alexandermaule, (237) richard501, (238) EnolaGaye, (239) adcc, (240) seriouslycichlids (k: 2), (241) robin1, (242) Josiemetzner, (243) mcaquatic, (244) kawa85, (245) Glyndwr (k: 2), (246) rosswell, (247) rizla75, (248) Lorenzo, (249) Sean B (p: 3), (250) junglejason, (251) LiZZzz (p: 2, k: 6), (252) DM_uk (p: 6), (253) Kanta, (254) unstoppablejayd, (255) kvnbyl, (256) Stefan2013, (257) PlecosAndLoaches (p: 2, k: 2), (258) acuraguy55, (259) Igor Hotasi Simamora (k: 2), (260) victoriaz24, (261) briggadane, (262) joel108, (263) Sharpy, (264) mr bulldog (p: 2, k: 3), (265) NorthernGecko, (266) Juiceyfish (p: 4), (267) evojoey (p: 2), (268) ChristianKline, (269) KisA (k: 2), (270) David R (k: 6), (271) Turbito75 (k: 2), (272) A 401, (273) Bioaquatix, (274) Chicxulub, (275) bethscofield, (276) WouterW (p: 2).

Click on a username above to see all that persons registered catfish species. You can also view all "my cats" data for this species.
Breeding Reports (1) mrfishydude (b: 36), (2) antec (b: 15).
Articles
Article - CotM 2000 December
Article - Shane's World Catfishology The yellow seamed “Golden Nugget” – a problem pleco?
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Last Update 2013 May 07 20:31 (species record created: 2001 Apr 19 00:00)


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