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Cat-eLog Right Arrow Mochokidae Right Arrow Mochokinae Right Arrow Synodontis

Jump to next section Cat-eLog Data Sheet
Scientific Name Synodontis longirostris  Boulenger, 1902
Common Name(s) Eyespot Synodontis
Type Locality Yembe River at Banzyville, Zaire (Democratic Republic of Congo), about 4°18'N, 21°11'E
Synonym(s) Synodontis ovidus
Pronunciation sin oh don tiss
Etymology Synodontis: From the Greek syn, meaning together, and odontos, meaning tooth; in reference to the closely-spaced lower jaw teeth. This specific epithet refers to its long (longus=long) snout (rostrum=snout, nose).
Jump to next section Species Information
Size 580mm (22.8") SL. Find near, nearer or same sized spp.
Identification All species in the genus Synodontis have a hardened head cap that has attached a process (humeral process) which is situated behind the gill opening and pointed towards the posterior. The dorsal fin and pectoral fins have a hardened first ray which is serrated. Caudal fin is always forked. There is one pair of maxillary barbels, sometimes having membranes and occasionally branched. The two pairs of mandibular barbels are often branched and can have nodes attached. The cone-shaped teeth in the upper jaw are short. S-shaped and movable in the lower jaw. These fish produce audible sounds when disturbed rubbing the base of the pectoral spine against the pectoral girdle.
Sexing First lay the fish in your hand with its head toward your palm and the tail toward your fingers. Hold the dorsal spine between your middle and ring finger so the fish is belly up and you won't get stuck (Which by the way, hurts like crazy!). The genital pore is in a small furrow of tissue (in healthy fish) and will be obstructed by the pelvic fins. Pull down on the tail gently to arch the fishes spine and the pelvic fins will stand and the furrow open to display the genital pore and the anus of the fish. The male has a somewhat ridged genital papillae on which the spermatoduct is on the back side, facing the tail fin. A gravid female will also show an extended papillae but the oviduct is on the ventral side of the papillae (And may also show a little redness if really gravid). A thin or emaciated female will have just two pink pores, the oviduct and the anus.
Jump to next section Habitat Information
Distribution Africa: Congo basin.
African Waters, Congo (click on these areas to find other species found there)
Show it on a map (Click the map-icon to show/hide map of species distribution)
IUCN Red List Status Least Concern
pH 6.5 - 7.2
Temperature 21.0-24.0°C or 69.8-75.2°F (Show others within this range)
Other Parameters dH 8-18.
Jump to next section Husbandry Information
Breeding Unreported.
Jump to next section Further Information
References Ann. Mus. Congo (Ser. Zool.)v. 2 (fasc. 2) - pp44 - Pl. 12 (fig. 2)
Registered Keepers (1) caudalis, (2) Coach, (3) synodont_fan, (4) Plunt, (5) Sand, (6) Caracal (k: 5), (7) pickles4601, (8) MilkMan, (9) jippo (k: 2), (10) corybreed, (11) amiidae.

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Breeding Reports None.
Articles
Article - CotM 2013 October
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Last Update 2008 Nov 29 01:15 (species record created: 2001 May 04 00:00)


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