|Cat-eLog Data Sheet|
|Scientific Name||Panaque sp. (L191)|
|Common Name(s)||L191, Dull eyed Royal Pleco|
|Pronunciation||pan ah KAY|
|Etymology||The generic epithet "panaque" is a Venezuelan common name for this fish.|
|Size||500mm (19.7") SL. Find near, nearer or same sized spp.|
|Identification||The genus Panaque is identified by the teeth, which are spoon-shaped. This means that the teeth are noticeably wider at the tip than at the base. Other loricariidae have teeth that are similar width all the way from one end to the other.
A second distinguishing feature is the lack of a buccal papilla, which is a "flap of skin" on the inside of the mouth. See pictures in this PDF on Pterygoplichthys.
This species has a dull (not red or orange) eye and a basic olive colouration that greys with age and, irrespective of age, black longitudinal stripes. Young fish show a white ring around the caudal peduncle, a windowed or clear caudal fin and white tips to the fins.
|General Remarks||It is thought by some that this species most closely matches the description of the Blue Eyed Pleco, Panaque suttonorum. In adulthood, it is grey with dark grey spots and dashes. In youth, especially, it shows the white caudal peduncle ring. It's likely a close relative unless the Maracaibo species is proven to be surprisingly widespread.|
|Distribution||South America: Colombia: rio Caguán
Amazon, Middle Amazon (Solimoes), Japurá, Caquetá, Upper Caquetá, Caguán (click on these areas to find other species found there) (Click the map-icon to show/hide map of species distribution)
|pH||6.5 - 7.5|
|Temperature||24.0-29.0°C or 75.2-84.2°F (Show others within this range)|
|Feeding||All Panaque appear to feed on wood, so wood should be present in the tank. They also take prepared algae wafers and fresh vegetables (zucchini, cucumber, peas, green beans) and tubers (potato, yams and similar).|
|Furniture||Natural habitat is among fallen trees and wood-tangles.|
|Registered Keepers||(1) xingumike, (2) Cory-Diddi, (3) Tulio, (4) clunkster, (5) FuglyDragon (k: 3), who also notes: "Heavy filtration a must.", (6) Armadillo Del Rio, (7) jamos, (8) Darren C, (9) yogi69, (10) prutsprogrammeur, (11) Dave_C, (12) layzmob, (13) Walter, (14) magnar30, (15) RickieH, (16) haffiducki, (17) Dex, (18) Hammerhead, who also notes: "A gorgeous pleco, who is much more likely to be seen when the lights are on than any pleco I've had.", (19) jasonplec1 (p: 2), (20) Liz H, (21) teddyman5, (22) calsonic, (23) eliy7, (24) CatsandFish (k: 2), (25) CANDY, (26) jgvenn, (27) gwa84, (28) mrwickedweasel (k: 2), who also notes: "One only has one eye! One is 4 inches, the other is 7 inches", (29) Kingmickyb, who also notes: "2nd one, 1st one died. Still only about 3 inches, hopefully i'll avoid poisoning it with whitespot treatment.", (30) munki, (31) Aquariumfun (k: 3), (32) don90, (33) Handels, (34) HX67 (k: 2), (35) Reza.Sadri, (36) jac, (37) PLEC BAIRN (p: 3), (38) WIGSTER, (39) kabaltah (k: 2), (40) Tom B (k: 3), (41) agustingonzalez, (42) coheedandcambriarules, (43) nowhereman (p: 2, k: 3), (44) Altifrons, (45) tingting, (46) Juand15, (47) Derzel, (48) Luis.Ventura, (49) keen-eyed (k: 2), (50) jessonthenet, who also notes: "Have only observed it eating the wood so far, has not went near cucumber etc. Is a very timid fish and is dominated by all other plecs in the tank even though it is the largest at the moment.
Has started to venture out in the open and is slighty territorial and will occasionally challenge other plecs. Will readily accept cucumber or courgette, loves hikari algae wafers in particular. Grows much quicker than other plecs is not too much of a waste problem at the moment.
Not a very boisterous plec, does not touch the plants or uproot them at present. A bit of a hermit.", (51) Daniel_yeo, (52) Aquanaut, (53) 2wheelsx2, who also notes: "Juvie acquired at the same time as the L90.
Unfortunately, died after getting sunken eyes. Think it was stress from adding the Blue Eye panaque.", (54) Nat, (55) MatsP, (56) smitty (p: 2, k: 3), (57) Turbo, (58) ElTofi (k: 6), who also notes: "A second batch of 3 join the first group today (19.02.2011)
transfered into this tank in late September 2011
the biggest is 14 cm TL in September 2011
the biggest is 22 cm TL in April 2012
the biggest is 29 cm TL in December 2012", (59) alasia, (60) sfchoong (p: 2), (61) monkiecat, (62) ColumbianChocolate, (63) TerryCherry, (64) allim (k: 2), (65) d3n2, (66) joefish72, (67) plecomanpat (k: 2), (68) FunkyFredFrog, (69) joefish72b, (70) SHEAG, (71) Lars Jamne, (72) scorpia9100, (73) dt23, (74) JamesStuddart, (75) arapaimag (k: 3), (76) Dan101, (77) cdc069, (78) Martin Holm, (79) lmt6600, (80) nnpnnp, (81) duequattro, (82) den bruine, (83) AlphaDiscus, (84) tiffanyjayne, (85) pogo29, (86) 2poc, (87) Redtailrob, (88) Ottofan2003 (p: 2), (89) gforcefx, (90) henward, (91) rosswell, (92) maximus1974 (k: 3), (93) slimrs, (94) eyal8a (k: 2), (95) john82, (96) Michael_Wanga, (97) francistrus, (98) johnarmstrong, (99) JamieDurrant, (100) HuskerDad, (101) Travis Webb, (102) coelacanth, who also notes: "Large specimens will place a serious load on filtration, since adding this specimen there's been a noticeable increase in debris due to the wood being turned into sawdust. Even in a 1000 gallon tank with three large trickle filters a fish like this can make a major difference.", (103) Jay1, (104) Mark Panaque (k: 2), (105) fahaka, (106) sem87, (107) Goodeid608, (108) csengc61, (109) leberruyer, (110) Milo, (111) cjerrom, (112) Narwhal72, (113) Bjørn.
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|Last Update||2013 Mar 11 09:11 (species record created: 2001 Jun 25 00:00)|
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