Catfish Logo Full
Catfish Logo Half
Catfish Logo Head logo
Please visit Amazonas Magazine, proud sponsors of

CotM Cat-eLog Shane's World Forum

Books Cool Search Help!

Cat-eLog Right Arrow Loricariidae Right Arrow Hypoptopomatinae Right Arrow Otocinclus

Jump to next section Cat-eLog Data Sheet
Scientific Name Otocinclus flexilis  Cope, 1894
Common Name(s) Peppered Oto
Argentinischer Ohrgitter-Harnischwels (Germany)
Type Locality Rio Jacuhy [Jacuí], Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.
Synonym(s) Macrotocinclus flexilis, Otocinclus arnoldi, Otocinclus fimbriatus
Pronunciation auto SINK luss - flex ill iss
Etymology Greek, ous, oto = ear + Latin, cinclus = latticework; in allusion to the holes of the head in the ears. 
Jump to next section Species Information
Size 54mm or 2.1" SL. Find near, nearer or same sized spp.
Identification An easy species of Otocinclus to identify although two colour forms exist. One with a more pronouced darker and lighter "peppering" and one with a more regular pattern. This variance aside, the colouration is the same as the common peppered Cory, Corydoras paleatus. Coloration of individual otos vary with mood. Normal coloration is beige with spots, but this species (in presumed breeding mode) turn darker, and may become almost black.
Sexing Females are considerably larger than males and fuller in girth.
Jump to next section Habitat Information
Distribution South America: Middle and lower Paraná/Paraguay, Uruguay and La Plata basins and Atlantic coastal streams of southeastern Brazil.
La Plata, Uruguay (click on these areas to find other species found there)
La Plata, Paraná, Middle Paraná (click on these areas to find other species found there)
La Plata, Paraná, Lower Paraná (click on these areas to find other species found there)
La Plata, Paraná, Paraguay (click on these areas to find other species found there)
La Plata (click on these areas to find other species found there)
Show it on a map (Click the map-icon to show/hide map of species distribution)
pH 6.5 - 7.8
Temperature 20.0-25.0°C or 68-77°F (Show others within this range)
Other Parameters 2-25 dGH.
Jump to next section Husbandry Information
Feeding New imports can be tricky to acclimatize to prepared foods, but once this hurdle is overcome (using frozen bloodworm and algae wafers) they feed greedily.
Furniture Less reliant on plants than other Otocinclus species, nevertheless, tall leaved plants like Vallisneria provide habitat and shade for these species that also appreciate vertical wood surfaces but generally move around the aquarium without preference. Gravel or sand may be used.
Compatibility A highly social, diurnal and hardy species. Slightly aggressive (more akin to slightly larger loricariids); they defend food albiet half-heartedly, and dominate Corydoras at feeding time but not to the other species detriment.

Also when kept with Corydoras paleatus, the Corys appear fooled by the oto mimics, and often follow them around, gulp air at the same time the otos do, and even male corys display to otos. The otos on the other hand seem aware which fish are conspecifics, as they're noticeably more aggressive towards the corys than to each other. Perhaps the bright white opercular diverticulum serves as a recognition signal for the otos? They have a curious behaviour that they nibble at each other and corys at the base of the dorsal fin, something which is apparently very unpleasant for the receiving fish - it looks like aggressive/dominance behaviour.
Suggested Tankmates Keep in groups (preferably at least six) with any small to mid-sized community fish.
Breeding It is reported that smaller male fish 'dance' in front of larger fish, 'nudge' the larger fish in the region of the cloaca, and also follow them around very closely. Actual reproduction is unreported.
Jump to next section Further Information
References Proc. Am. Philos. Soc.v. 33 - pp97 - Pl. 8 [7] (figs. 13, 13a-b)
Registered Keepers (1) irshprncsk, (2) alderfish (k: 6), (3) DrunkenPanda (k: 8), (4) SHEAG35 (k: 4), (5) Barbie.

Click on a username above to see all that persons registered catfish species. You can also view all "my cats" data for this species.
Breeding Reports None.
Article - CotM 2009 May
Search Planet Catfish Search Planet Catfish for more on Otocinclus flexilis
Look up Look up Otocinclus flexilis on
BBCode (for use in linking to this page from forum posts)
Link (for use in linking to the species from anywhere on the web)
Look up Fishbase Look up Otocinclus flexilis on Fishbase
QR icon Get or print a QR code for this species profile, or try our BETA label creator.
Hits 10506 hits.
Last Update 2006 Nov 08 01:12 (species record created: 2004 Aug 21 00:00)