Catfish Logo Full
Catfish Logo Half
Catfish Logo Head
PlanetCatfish.com logo
Please visit Swiss Tropicals, proud sponsor of PlanetCatfish.com

Cat-eLog Right Arrow Loricariidae Right Arrow Hypostominae Right Arrow Hypancistrus

Jump to next section Cat-eLog Data Sheet
Scientific Name Hypancistrus zebra  Isbrücker & Nijssen, 1991
Common Name(s) L046, Zebra Pleco
L098, Imperial Pleco, Zebrawels (Germany)
Type Locality Isbrücker & Nijssen's description states "About 1 hr. upstream of Altamira by speedboat, anastomoses of Rio Xingu, Pará, Brazil.". However, in keeping with much about this species, this is incorrect. Isbrücker & Nijssen did not collect in the Xingu. The source of this information to the describers was influenced by the desire to keep that commercially valuable information restricted for as long as possible. The real locality is closer to one hour downstream by speedboat from Altamira.
Pronunciation hype an siss truss - zee BRA
Etymology A contraction of the Greek hypo (meaning less than) and ancistrus, an allusion to the reduced number of teeth (particularly in the lower jaw) found in this genus. zebra = from the African black and white striped equine.
Jump to next section Species Information
Size 80mm (3.1") SL. Find near, nearer or same sized spp.
Identification The most high-profile aquarium catfish of our time. Known by the l-number L046 (the common form) and L098 which is a uncommonly found wavy / broken line colour variation.
Sexing The first pectoral fin ray of the male is somewhat thicker than that of the female. Males in breeding condition further develop their spine-like ''odontodes'' on this ray. The male has a slightly broader head than the female, best observed from above.
Jump to next section Habitat Information
Distribution Rio Xingú, Brazil
Amazon, Lower Amazon, Xingu, Lower Xingu (click on these areas to find other species found there)
Show it on a map (Click the map-icon to show/hide map of species distribution)
pH 6.0 - 7.5
Temperature 26.0-30.0°C or 78.8-86°F (Show others within this range)
Other Parameters The water chemistry of the Rio Xingú is well documented, but it is not that important as H. zebra seems to do well in just about any water provided it is high in oxygen content and warm. pH and DH do not seem to matter since the fish has been spawned in all types of water, even water that was hard and alkaline. To best replicate their natural habitat the water would be neutral to slightly acidic and soft.
Jump to next section Husbandry Information
Feeding Unlike the popular opinion of many other loricariids, H. zebra is more of a carnivore than an algae eater. This is backed up by a small and lightly toothed mouth that indicates it is a poor algae eater. Provide mainly meaty foods such as bloodworm and even brineshrimp.
Furniture The Rio Xingú is full of rocks of many sizes with some fine sand between them. H. zebra is collected in deeper mid-water channels where it hides in crevices. The ideal H. zebra tank would be set up much differently than what we picture as a typical "South American" biotope. The tank should resemble a rocky riffle area in a stream with jumbles of rounded rocks and good water movement. Provide lots of small caves as the fish normally live and spawn in the caves and cracks of rocks. The rocks should be assembled in a haphazard fashion to create lots of crevices and shelves in which the fish can cram themselves. Sand is preferable, but large rounded gravel or bare-bottomed tanks are also accepted. Prefers dark rock to bogwood but I would provide some wood (many people claim that their zebras never touch the stuff) - better safe than sorry in my opinion.
Compatibility Peaceful but choose tankmates wisely as Zebras do not compete well for food with particularly fast or aggressive tankmates.
Suggested Tankmates An ideal (although expensive) addition to any community tank especially one stocked with active, but not boisterous, current loving fish. For some reason many people ask if this species can be kept with discus or loaches, it can, but you are unlikely to get the best out of this fish in such company. Best kept in groups of 1 male and 2-3 females with active, current loving dither fish.
Breeding Raise temp. to at least 82°F and ensure the tank is well aerated and heavily filtered (A tank turnover rate of 6 times an hour is not excessive). Ensure there are many spawning caves and crevices available for the fish to select. During spawning - which takes place in several batches - the male blocks the cave entrance with his head. The female persuades the male away from guarding the cave entrance to fertilize the eggs. Once this is complete the male will often have to push the female out of the cave before he can resume his parental guarding. It is quite common that the first spawn will be more of a ''trial run'' and the eggs will remain infertile. There are typically between seven and 15 eggs laid. They take around 7 days to hatch, after 10 the yolk sac should be completely consumed and feeding begins. They immediately take dried foods and frozen or live brine shrimp nauplii. They will take about 2.5 months to reach 1'' in length.
Jump to next section Further Information
References Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwaters v. 1 (no. 4) - pp348 - Figs. 1-2
Registered Keepers (1) Kenneth Wong, (2) fischling (p: 2), (3) mikey, (4) Cory-Diddi, (5) Kristofer, (6) plecoboy (k: 7), who also notes: "Bred on Sept 17 2012.", (7) Borbi (k: 4), (8) Barbie (k: 20), who also notes: "I've found these interesting fish to be relatively easy to keep happy in water that is not too acidic or alkaline. A pH between 6 and 8 is easily tolerated with proper acclimation. Feeding consists of meat based small foods and with enough tim", (9) Zebra46 (k: 42), (10) ThorG, (11) Lornek8, (12) pisces52, (13) husky_jim (k: 6), (14) lordotterby, (15) alga (k: 12), (16) zhallam, (17) Oliver D. (k: 23), who also notes: "Spawned", (18) DarkAtlas, (19) Devangel (p: 2), (20) stang1 (k: 7), (21) taksan (k: 6), who also notes: "Grew these up to fine adult sized fish from tiny 3cm juveniles.Then disaster ! All fish died within 24 hours ! Evidence of internal bleeding. Suspected contaminated batch of bloodworm's the cause.", (22) crazyplec, (23) LoL, (24) nettaigyo, (25) Owch, (26) andrewcoxon (k: 4), (27) Daragh (k: 8), (28) Kenyan (p: 2), (29) spot86t (k: 7), (30) Brotox, (31) smithrc, (32) Freakdaddy (k: 3), (33) Bengt F (k: 14), (34) prutsprogrammeur (k: 3), (35) franc (k: 2), (36) krk181, (37) Poshpleco, (38) henryrus, (39) MONG, (40) alenate (k: 9), who also notes: "Breeding group", (41) kerryteatsjr (k: 6), (42) Haavard Stoere (p: 3, k: 73), (43) Snowy (k: 5), (44) Walter, (45) haxjester, (46) chillired, (47) joepleco, (48) magnar30, (49) defibf (k: 9), (50) storch31 (p: 2), (51) Vierrollenfreak (k: 10), (52) gemjunkie, (53) BooUrns! (k: 2), (54) jburke11 (k: 31), (55) celticfish, (56) muddymudskipper, (57) doodle (k: 3), (58) kenneth knutsen, (59) Troender (k: 3), (60) NHL (k: 6), (61) defi (k: 11), (62) Dex (k: 4), (63) lewishan (p: 2), (64) Koen (k: 18), (65) kwakermad (k: 2), (66) scatz, (67) L-ko, (68) Julie, (69) JO C (p: 3, k: 85), who also notes: "50% weekly water change. HMA water UV Ph 7.3 Temp 30 c Feed bloodworm. lobster eggs. Spawn every 3 - 4weeks", (70) miniko, (71) reticulata (k: 27), who also notes: "Two breeding groups.", (72) karlwu, (73) Numbers, (74) pureplecs (k: 6), (75) Chillired89, (76) Tommi (k: 9), who also notes: "Bough as juveniles. Own species tank.", (77) The Highlander, (78) Panaque Lover, (79) PGR (k: 4), (80) zedogz (p: 8), (81) ashik (k: 4), (82) PhiltheNelson, (83) plec0 (k: 8), (84) 78bill, (85) soltarii007 (k: 2), (86) ben757, (87) djwalker124, (88) thegeeman, (89) PlecoCrazy (k: 31), (90) tvwav, (91) Melchior (k: 4), (92) AndrewC (k: 20), (93) Ak Viking (p: 2, k: 10), (94) thijs81, (95) ElTofi (k: 9), who also notes: "30 spawnings, 350 youngsters bred... and then, I sold the "perfect" group... 4 differents DNA origins... I shouldn't have sold it : my biggest mistake !", (96) BrendanK, (97) vman, (98) saltcop, (99) drakeho (k: 29), (100) tinman_rlg, (101) bikerman6660, (102) ablank (k: 39), (103) tigger27, (104) yeunghk (k: 40), (105) Sutrisno (p: 2), (106) st24rsap (k: 9), (107) jasonkhor, (108) Bacce, (109) OlePaulsen (k: 3), (110) dconnors (k: 16), (111) tilly, (112) drd (k: 7), (113) Janne Josefsson, (114) godfreyhales (k: 9), (115) tinycichlid1 (k: 6), (116) Plaegis (k: 12), (117) catfish dude, (118) Renegadecat, (119) TwoTankAmin (k: 74), who also notes: "Spawning group since 05/2006. F1s 15- growing out with 2 F) adult males. 40-50 assorted fry.", (120) ouscazz (p: 2, k: 9), (121) jac (k: 60), who also notes: "First spawn 28-9-'10. 2 Successful breeding groups.", (122) claro, (123) Billybob, (124) chris1932 (k: 6), (125) donishi, (126) Juand15, (127) Jools (p: 2, k: 9), (128) Ben-cgn, (129) Bjørn, (130) linz_d87 (k: 4), (131) ayrtoninst (k: 75), (132) Elisabeth Dahl (k: 44), who also notes: "breeding group", (133) X-Tank, (134) drpleco (k: 3), (135) svenrhapsody, (136) vanillarum (k: 12), who also notes: "No spawning yet", (137) puresp (k: 2), who also notes: "9 juveniles 30-35 mm TL picked up in Helsingborg. 7 sold in sept. 2012 at 60-70 mm TL.", (138) HenkeP (k: 4), (139) nerdworks (k: 17), (140) bottomfeeders (k: 6), (141) somename (p: 2), (142) keen-eyed (k: 9), (143) Hikarixz, (144) Hitch (k: 7), (145) stefanfischer (k: 5), (146) Sven_N (k: 5), (147) oli (k: 5), (148) Vision Dancer, (149) aquadominus, (150) barry555 (p: 2), (151) stensson (k: 5), (152) AleGer (k: 8), (153) Dan* (k: 10), (154) djtonyel (k: 2), (155) har_eh (p: 2, k: 58), (156) Lygen, (157) Rita Aspevik (k: 16), who also notes: "Breeding group", (158) NC24 (k: 34), (159) Donald (k: 5), (160) sfchoong, (161) Matt30 (k: 5), (162) Raina, (163) zebra1, (164) fleahound, (165) YSR50 (k: 3), (166) Jude, (167) Heartbreaker714, (168) coelacanth, (169) Suckermouth, (170) Onatopa, (171) arapaimag (k: 6), (172) Neo (k: 10), who also notes: "Have spawned L46 before and that is the plan once more", (173) dt23, (174) kwalker (k: 6), (175) FFTRIP, (176) 2wheelsx2, who also notes: "WC unknown sex gifted from a friend.", (177) Andypex (p: 4, k: 20), who also notes: "3 different groups, will be seperating out into breeding groups soon.", "Ongoing spawning attempts with 1 x male and 1 x female. Moved the pair back into the community after the female was heavily damaged during a spawning attempt. The male trapped her in the cave but then chewed off her tail instead of spawning :-(. This tank now holds 3 juvenile L114.", (178) universalsoul, (179) Zulan, (180) FISHFREAK2, (181) BigBUSbernard, (182) rroomm11 (k: 23), (183) mistern2005 (k: 15), who also notes: "This accounts for the zebras kept in my main 40B.", (184) mikeyboy31175, (185) nnpnnp (k: 3), (186) Birger Amundsen (k: 9), (187) Yakov_krepak, (188) Lars Jamne (k: 61), who also notes: "Mostly wild import", (189) upc239 (p: 3, k: 20), (190) bex46 (k: 29), who also notes: "Kept at 30 C, species only tank", (191) fishboy20, (192) kiwiplymouth, (193) Rod47 (k: 31), who also notes: "Began attempting to breed H. zebra in Jan 2011. First spawns obtained in August 2011. At least one male is spawning every 3-4 weeks.", (194) Max Chumachenko (k: 15), (195) freshfishing (k: 9), (196) Sanplec (k: 3), (197) mozart625 (k: 33), (198) zipper, (199) Margie (k: 3), (200) Nabobmob1 (k: 18), (201) Lowesee, (202) gforcefx, (203) Apostolis, (204) guysmiley, (205) balken89 (k: 5), who also notes: "6-10 cm", (206) nessaja, (207) bruce3, (208) DWhite (p: 3, k: 155), who also notes: "Two groups going now, contained in 100 gallon and 110 gallon tanks. Purchased offspring are sold on pick-up only conditions.", (209) mikebren12 (p: 3, k: 30), who also notes: "+1 Andy Peake added 24/06 +2 W/C pair from Rare 13/10 +1 W/C female from Rare 17/02 3 juvvies died(alpha may have killed two). Possibly 10 fry from 4 spawns", (210) janne dahle (k: 5), (211) shooter50014 (k: 11), (212) seliel (k: 4), (213) FrankvdB, (214) kupper, (215) Maddin2007 (k: 24), (216) matti2uude (p: 2, k: 25), (217) mpfsr (p: 2), (218) Marie-Alix, (219) Mazzi, (220) krazyGeoff, (221) yogi88, (222) Quickening, (223) AquaAddikt, (224) pereli, (225) ogm, (226) hullensien, (227) gosephe (p: 4, k: 41), (228) hullfishman, (229) boxedfish (k: 36), (230) CUPfishhead (p: 2, k: 7), who also notes: "Had to sepearte my main group because of 2 males fighting. This is the second colony consisting of 1 male 2 females", (231) Jaz (k: 9), (232) KrisA (k: 24), (233) Jaycal, (234) Bantarioo (k: 9), (235) simachim (k: 17), (236) pleco123 (k: 10), (237) Id16, (238) Hugo Martins (p: 2, k: 3), (239) DBam (k: 2), (240) planted90 (k: 82), (241) craigzeb (p: 13, k: 49), who also notes: "Beautiful fish", (242) Wijnbelevenis, (243) panchodny, (244) stezatois, (245) Kingfisher, (246) jsalas623 (k: 4), (247) Paul (k: 6), (248) Andrewjw (k: 8), (249) monkiecat (k: 4), (250) crazy4bettas (k: 3), who also notes: "3yo male and 4 juveniles purchased June 2013 at about 3mos old Lost 2 May 2014. Unsure of cause.", (251) purorock327, (252) Flatriver (k: 9), (253) Samantha (k: 57), (254) girema, (255) Broke (k: 10), (256) Elwood (k: 4), (257) BallAquatics (k: 4), (258) uaru (k: 14), (259) ChrisScholes260, (260) Simon86 (k: 16), (261) Cristoffer Forssander, (262) Eric Bodrock (k: 29), (263) Fasttalon94 (p: 2, k: 7), (264) richard501, (265) jlim (k: 10), (266) VinylFrenzy (p: 2, k: 9), (267) pleco rob, (268) lilu (k: 5), (269) psionic001 (k: 21), (270) CodOnMyRod, (271) DennisSwe, (272) Glyndwr (k: 4), who also notes: "Spawned in october, but fry were killed in mid december by power cut.", (273) rosswell, (274) mike197, (275) saor alba, (276) junglejason (k: 7), (277) Chanin09, (278) unstoppablejayd, (279) DarrenH, (280) camtang, (281) john h, (282) cypho23, (283) frog72 (k: 5), (284) Allen Repashy, (285) elisabeth (k: 9), (286) davidcook3, (287) stumac (k: 10), (288) rizla75, (289) Natey22, (290) Brian2014 (k: 9), (291) CMGexoticbreeders (k: 4), (292) gabriellim, (293) bay, (294) JSamuels (k: 11), (295) Frido (k: 5), (296) labyazilim (k: 7), (297) camillajakobsen93 (k: 2), (298) Mathias (k: 8), (299) duonri (k: 72), (300) Mruaru, (301) Siltsu (k: 2), (302) Tamcon83 (k: 5), (303) LostYeti (k: 2), (304) Juiceyfish (p: 2), (305) d3n2 (k: 3), (306) Tau, (307) PlecoLover2721 (k: 5), (308) WouterW, (309) booitsme3109.

Click on a username above to see all that persons registered catfish species. You can also view all "my cats" data for this species.
Breeding Reports (1) KrisA (b: 60), (2) craigzeb (b: 57), (3) mistern2005 (b: 54), (4) Jaz (b: 53), (5) rroomm11 (b: 50), (6) ElTofi (b: 47), (7) AleGer (b: 47), (8) mikebren12 (b: 47), (9) Samantha (b: 46), (10) Nabobmob1 (b: 44), (11) Andrewjw (b: 42), (12) Fasttalon94 (b: 41), (13) Matt30 (b: 40), (14) Lars Jamne (b: 39), (15) Suckermouth (b: 36), (16) psionic001 (b: 36), (17) bex46 (b: 33), (18) Jools (b: 29), (19) har_eh (b: 23), (20) gosephe (b: 21), (21) fishboy20 (b: 14), (22) mikeyboy31175 (b: 13), (23) duonri (b: 12), (24) DWhite (b: 11), (25) HenkeP (b: 10), (26) Zulan (b: 10), (27) Marie-Alix (b: 10), (28) planted90 (b: 9), (29) OlePaulsen (b: 8), (30) Natey22 (b: 8), (31) VinylFrenzy (b: 7), (32) Rita Aspevik (b: 6).
Articles
Article - Shane's World Reproduction Spawning Hypancistrus zebra
Article - Shane's World Reproduction All About Zebra Plecos
Article - CotM 1997 November
Article - Shane's World Catfishology Aquascaping for Hypancistrus zebra, Pt 1 - The Perfectionist
Article - Shane's World Catfishology Aquascaping for Hypancistrus zebra, Pt 2 - The Rest of Us
Search Planet Catfish Search Planet Catfish for more on Hypancistrus zebra
Look up AquaticRepublic.com Look up Hypancistrus zebra on AquaticRepublic.com
BBCode (for use in linking to this page from forum posts)
Link (for use in linking to the species from anywhere on the web)
Look up Fishbase Look up Hypancistrus zebra on Fishbase
QR icon Get or print a QR code for this species profile, or try our BETA label creator.
Hits 5176 hits.
Last Update 2013 Jul 13 21:34 (species record created: 2001 Apr 25 00:00)


© 1996 - 2014 PlanetCatfish.com, part of the Aquatic Republic Network group of websites. All Rights Reserved. By accessing this site you agree to our Terms and Conditions of Use.