Cat-eLog Right Arrow Loricariidae Right Arrow Hypostominae Right Arrow Panaqolus

Jump to next section Cat-eLog Data Sheet
Scientific NamePanaqolus sp. (L397)   
Common Name(s)L397
Pronunciationpan ack oh luss
EtymologyPanaqolus: Inelegantly derived from the indigenous term Panaque and in a form that infers a smaller size than that genus. 
Jump to next section Species Information
SexingLike all members of the genus, males grow elongated interopercular odontodes during the breeding season. Males develop noticeable odontodes along the dorsum (back of the body) as well. Males develop small pointed genital papillae, whereas mature females will have large, rounded, swollen papillae. Additionally, gravid females have noticeably wider bodies between the pectoral and pelvic fins when viewed from above, compared to males.
Jump to next section Habitat Information
DistributionLower Amazon, near Alenquer.
Amazon, Lower Amazon (click on these areas to find other species found there)
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Jump to next section Husbandry Information
FeedingThis genus feeds on wood, and should have several pieces, preferably several kinds of wood to chew on. Aside from wood, a mainly vegetarian diet is recommended, prepared food such as algae wafers and fresh vegetables, such as courgette (zucchini) and tubers such as potato or sweet potato (yams).
FurnitureRock piles are optional and wood tangles are a must. Plants are not vital and will be nibbled or destroyed.
Suggested TankmatesWorks well with most types of peaceful community fish. Can be somewhat territorial towards conspecifics, but given enough hiding spaces, a group can be kept in a suitable size aquarium - roughly requiring a 30 x 30cm area per fish.
BreedingFemales lay between 25 and 40 eggs, around 6mm in diameter. Males care for the eggs and fry. After approximately 7 days the egg-sack is consumed. The fry aren't particularly sensitive, but should have access to soft wood to chew on; this combined with algae tablets and a little bit of high protein food will have them grow quickly and are sexually mature after around a year. They will spawn in ceramic caves, but seem to prefer caves made from bamboo, but they will chew this type of cave to bits. Spawning takes place at a temperature between 26 and 29C and a conductivity between 200 and 400 uS/cm (around 150-300ppm TDS). Circulation needs to be good but not strong.
Jump to next section Further Information
ReferencesDATZ 10/2005.
Registered Keepers(1) Bristle nose, (2) plugger1969, (3) Selveste_Preben, (4) chorrylan (k: 7), (5) Firestorming (k: 5), (6) briztoon (k: 7), (7) Vierrollenfreak (k: 12), (8) Lubbe, (9) CCA001, (10) djwalker124, (11) mulloway (p: 2), (12) h2opleco, (13) dave air (p: 2), (14) andi, (15) Mooo (k: 2), who also notes: "Thank You to the Catfish fairy..:o) ", (16) DJ-don (k: 2), who also notes: "very contradictory fish. timid but very territorial to other plecos but not really towards their own species ", (17) bottomfeeders (k: 2), (18) KiwiBigD, (19) jac (k: 13), (20) ITR371 (k: 2), (21) FFTRIP, (22) snike, (23) milosz (k: 6), (24) brizmale28, (25) Mazzi, (26) tangles, (27) Hellboy, (28) Cristoffer Forssander, (29) Zulan, (30) CoryWally, (31) plecolover3 (k: 3), who also notes: "Absolutly stunning i was the first to buy these from a shop in the uk and dont regret it one bit. i brought 2 to start of with but brought anoter a couple of weeks after. im hoping these are 1m and 2females.", (32) Lars Jamne (k: 5), who also notes: "F1 from Sweden", (33) robin1, (34) TaraJ74 (k: 4), who also notes: "Very cute little guys...when i actually get to see them...Got 2 more larger ones about 6-7cm...Definately see these ones more than the smaller ones...Great looking fish!!", (35) mekkalicious, (36) stezatois, (37) Mruaru (p: 2), (38) adcc (k: 5), (39) redwood (k: 5), (40) john h, (41) saor alba, (42) mike197, (43) Ozboy (k: 5), (44) mcq1, (45) gem400, (46) Dominic H., (47) JoelyE95, (48) elisabeth (k: 6), (49) Yann (k: 4), (50) scientist0724, (51) Barbie, (52) Asset, (53) ozarowana, (54) Alta, (55) Are06n (k: 4), (56) Allen Repashy, (57) zn30, (58) Clavius, (59) Mol_PMB (k: 10), who also notes: "Just sold my first batch of juveniles from this group. A lovely fish and very hardy.", (60) Kasaraset, (61) Roosterboy, (62) Chrisfish, (63) Foti, (64) ebakklan, (65) Truls J Warhuus, (66) frog72 (k: 7), (67) pleconut (p: 3, k: 50), who also notes: "Have 8 of these now, 6 of which a year old, 2 males and 4 females and 2 still slightly young to tell. Keeping on top of maitainance is a daily job though syphoning of all the sawdust they produce, mine eat courgettes, sweet potato, new era pleco pellets, repashy morning wood/soilent green/meat pie, although mainly rift lake green is the staple food for my group, good filtration/circulation is a must for these fish. They did not respond very well to dithers. Do well with wooden caves. Were territitorial at the start. But well settled now.", "Adult breeding group", "Actively breeding group of 3 males 3 females. Parents of my original F1 group. Have youngsters growing on. Now setting a third tank up for keeping and raising the latest batch, planning to keep them. Would be the species of pleco i would choose if I can only have 1! :)", (68) VickyEll7, (69) OlePaulsen, (70) Koen (k: 4), (71) Tamcon83 (k: 7), (72) Gio2013, (73) chaetolollo, (74) Jools (k: 8), (75) Junglejason, (76) Craig UK, (77) Departure (k: 11), (78) FredMotorhead, (79) Lars, (80) bekateen (k: 9), (81) hopiwas, (82) Fishbotherer (p: 2), (83) Evy, (84) Camsmith5215, (85) inetpablo.

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Breeding Reports(1) Cristoffer Forssander (b: 57), (2) Mol_PMB (b: 50), (3) pleconut (b: 50), (4) jac (b: 31), (5) Craig UK (b: 8).
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Last Update2015 Oct 07 22:57 (species record created: 2006 Apr 01 00:00)