|Cat-eLog Data Sheet|
|Scientific Name||Pangasianodon gigas Chevey, 1931|
|Common Name(s)||Giant Mekong Catfish, Mekong Catfish, Pla Buk|
|Type Locality||Mekong R. system, Pnom-Penh, Cambodia.|
|Synonym(s)||Pangasius gigas, Pangasius paucidens|
|Pronunciation||Pang ah see ah naw don - gig ass|
|Etymology||The generic name is derived from Pangasius + an (Greek for without)+odon (Greek for tooth); in reference to the toothless state of the adult fish. The specific epithet means a giant in Latin, and refers to the huge size of this species.|
|Size||3000mm (118.1") SL. Find near, nearer or same sized spp.|
|Identification||The center of the eye above the horizontal line through the mouth angle in juveniles; eye totally below the level of mouth angle in subadults and adults. The maxillary and mandibular barbels well developed in juveniles, mandibular barbels becoming rudimentary in subadults and adults. Gigantic size; oral teeth and gill rakers present in small juveniles, absent at about 30-50 cm SL; dorsal, pelvic and pectoral fins without filamentous extensions.|
|Sexing||Females are fuller-bodied.|
|General Remarks||Shows one of the fastest growth rates of any fish in the world, reaching 150-200 kg in six years. A migratory species, but distances and destinations unknown.|
|Distribution||Asia: endemic to the Mekong basin where it has become rare due to over-exploitation.
Mekong (click on these areas to find other species found there) (Click the map-icon to show/hide map of species distribution)
|pH||6.0 - 7.6|
|Temperature||20.0-28.0°C or 68-82.4°F (Show others within this range)|
|Feeding||A benthic carnivore.|
|Furniture||Needs vast amount of open space for swimming room and some plants to help reduce the nervous nature of the fish. Irrespective of its endangered status, not a fish for the home aquarium.|
|Compatibility||Will eat much smaller fishes, but peaceful with fishes of its own size or larger. An extremely nervous fish that is best kept in shoals but otherwise alone.|
|Suggested Tankmates||Not recommended for home aquaria.|
|Breeding||Not reported, although it is widely raised in ponds for food. In the wild, it spawns in estuaries and like many large catfish has a huge migratory range.|
|References||Bull. Soc. Zool. Fr.v. 55 (no. 7) (1930) - pp538 - Figs. 1-2
Rainboth, WJ, 1996. Fishes of the Cambodian Mekong. FAO Species Identification Field Guide for Fishery Purposes. FAO, Rome, 265 pp. Origin and or Distribution: Endemic to the Mekong basin where it has become rare due to overexploitation. International trade banned (CITES I).
|Registered Keepers||(1) arapaima, (2) agusmeteor (k: 37).
Click on a username above to see all that persons registered catfish species. You can also view all "my cats" data for this species.
- Shane's World Catfishology In Search of the World's Largest Catfish
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|Last Update||2012 May 12 07:05 (species record created: 2001 Dec 22 00:00)|
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