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Catfish of the Month Right Arrow July 2003 • Article © Julian Dignall, uploaded July 01, 2003

Sterba's Cory, Panzerwels (Germany), Sterba's Corydoras - Corydoras sterbai   Knaack, 1962

Life before l-numbers? Did it exist I hear you cry - those of us slightly longer in the tooth will recall when Corydoras alone commanded the high prices, front places on magazine covers and were the talk of the local fish shop. These were exciting times in Corydoras land.

From the late sixties and continuing into the late eighties, literally dozens of new Corydoras species were appearing in shops before, during and after the fish in question were being announced to science. Note the difference with l-numbers here; species appeared more often than not around the same time they were described. I have heard it argued from some quarters that had this not happened then the c-number system would have been born a decade or two early. Perhaps, perhaps not. Back then, the Internet had not yet shrunk the global ornamental fish market and I personally doubt such a system would have had the same sort of effect we see with c and l-numbers over the past decade or so.

In some perverse way a described species appeals to the fish collectors out there very much in the way that l-numbers do these days, because description gives a unique title to the collector's cossetted 'pride and joy'. If you were a cynic, you might think the l-number system was a shrewd move to market undescribed species in the days before common Internet usage. Cynic or not it worked - for both cases described species and l-numbers. Howver, one marked difference I tend to notice is that Corydoras collectors are willing to buy groups of their fish - not something many, particularly budding, l-number enthusiasts consider. This is perhaps because it is well known that all Corydoras shoal and should be kept in groups (again, a sweeping generalisation that I should temper with those few species where the male Corydoras can become noticeably aggressive) and also that it is commonly held that Corydoras tend to reproduce more easily.

Back to the Cory heyday. Rather than resort to some dull and ultimately predictably lament of the passing of those halcyon days (which would be somewhat inappropriate as most of those fish are still available and we still have all the new l-numbers to contend with too), let's just talk about one of the stars of - what is thought of by some as - a golden age.

For me it all boils down to timing. The fact that aquarists already had some experience in keeping and breeding many of the already available Corydoras and many new species appeared equally easy to keep (peaceful and ready to spawn in captivity) those prepared to make a large outlay could quickly turn a tidy profit from sales to the local fish shops, clubs and societies. This month's catfish, Corydoras sterbai, has all these good things plus one other important factor - it is a stunning fish to look at.

Perhaps the most striking thing about C. sterbai is the sunset orange pectoral fins. They develop these from a young age (unlike some other Callichthyids who only develop them in adult males) and are quite unusual among Corydoras. The real giveaway however is the white spots on the dark brown domed head. Sterba's Cory can attain a good size and proportion for a Corydoras and large adults are impressive fish on their own. A shoal of large adults (an unusual site) is a fantastic sight - the eye catches the bristling mass of orange fin spines as the fish scuttle past.

The fish itself is named after the German aquarist Dr. Günther Sterba. The term aquarist is used fondly as, while the Doctor obviously has a love for fish keeping, he also has a day job as Professor of Zoology at Leipzig University. Within aquarist circles he is known for what are widely regarded among the best aquatic books ever published (Freshwater Fishes of the World, The Aquarium Encyclopaedia and his much loved Aquarium Handbook) are still benchmarks for the rest of us.

It is hard to misidentify this species but it can be confused with Corydoras haraldschultzi, although the latter is a long nosed species where C. sterbai is the dome headed form - the easiest way to tell them apart is that the Sterba's Cory has white spots on its head from eyes down to snout. C. haraldschultzi does not. Corydoras sterbai has recently become available in albino form.

Corydoras sterbai   Corydoras haraldschultzi
Corydoras sterbai. Note rounded, domed head with white spots.   Corydoras haraldschultzi. Note sloped head leading to pointed snoun covered in black spots.

Copyright information for the images used in this article can be found on the species' full Cat-eLog page.

Jump to next section Cat-eLog Data Sheet
Scientific Name Corydoras sterbai  Knaack, 1962
Common Name(s) Sterba's Cory
Panzerwels (Germany), Sterba's Corydoras
Type Locality Rio Guaporé, Brazil.
Pronunciation Kory DOOR ass - ster bye
Etymology Cory = helmet, doras = skin. In this case it was incorrectly used to mean armour (cuirasse) instead of skin in allusion to the dual rows of plates that run along the flanks of this genus. Specifically named in honour of Dr. Günther Sterba.
Jump to next section Species Information
Size 65mm (2.6") SL. Find near, nearer or same sized spp.
Identification Corydoras are identified by their twin rows of armour plates along the flanks and by having fewer than 10 dorsal fin rays. They are most commonly confused with the other genera in the sub-family, namely Brochis, Scleromystax and Aspidoras.

It is hard to misidentify this species but it can be confused with Corydoras haraldschultzi, although the latter is a long nosed species where C. sterbai is the dome headed form - the easiest way to tell them apart is that the Sterba's Cory has white spots on its head from eyes down to snout. C. haraldschultzi does not. Corydoras sterbai has recently become available in albino form.
Sexing Males are smaller and slimmer. Females grow larger and are much wider; most easily observed from above.
Jump to next section Habitat Information
Distribution Rio Guapore, Mato Grosso, Brazil
Amazon, Middle Amazon (Solimoes), Madeira, Mamoré, Guaporé (click on these areas to find other species found there)
Show it on a map (Click the map-icon to show/hide map of species distribution)
pH 6.0 - 7.6
Temperature 24.0-28.0°C or 75.2-82.4°F (Show others within this range)
Other Parameters One species of Corydoras that does not seem to mind higher temperatures.
Jump to next section Husbandry Information
Feeding Readily accepts a wide variety of frozen and prepared foods in the aquarium.
Furniture Shade provided by overhanging rock work, arching bogwood, tall or floating plants are all that is required. Ideally substrate should be sand, but rounded gravel will suffice.
Compatibility Peaceful. Tank raised fish are ideal first catfish for a beginner's community aquarium. Wild caught fish will tend to be more expensive and somewhat less hardy.
Suggested Tankmates Keep in a shoal of at least 6 individuals ideally with similarly sized tetras and dwarf cichlids. A good species for the discus aquarium.
Breeding See Shane's World article (link below). Tank-bred specimens that are frequently found in the shops appear relatively easy to breed, where wild-caught specimens are reported to be a bit more difficult.
Jump to next section Further Information
References Senckenb. Biol.v. 43 (no. 2) - pp131 - Pl. 12 (figs. 2a-c)
Registered Keepers (1) discuscat, (2) MatsP (p: 7, k: 55), who also notes: "Got six to begin with, but one was "missing" last time I moved the big tank. Another two had "accidents" with a power-head that they got stuck on. They have, however, bred, so I have at least one unknown in the tank.", "Several babies from three spawns.", "Babies bred from eggs captured in my RIO400 tank. ", "A few babies that have survived in the tank. ", "About a year or so old... Found more than I thought when I moved tanks around... ", "Fry... ", "3 of these are my old babies that I sold to the LFS... 4 are tank-bred from wherever LFS got them from...", (3) synoguy (k: 3), (4) Iwona (k: 9), (5) mummymonkey (k: 12), (6) mikey, (7) daniel60, (8) CatBrat, (9) madattiver, (10) Keithj, (11) Tulio, (12) Barbie (k: 11), (13) chris 1 (k: 6), (14) Trident2004, (15) Lornek8, (16) hellocatfish, (17) ivokilli, (18) Oliver D., (19) racer36, (20) call_apple (k: 3), (21) corybreed (k: 10), (22) amergim, (23) bikerman6660, (24) Coryologist, (25) gage, (26) saphphx (k: 4), (27) LookVideos, (28) Heather2128 (p: 3), (29) Coryman, (30) NEONCORY (k: 110), who also notes: " Obtained 5 young Albino Form on 7/10/07", (31) GreenSynoMan (k: 2), (32) chrismarkham1982, (33) hatecrew24/7 (k: 4), who also notes: " got 4 of these, gonna buy some more", (34) FuglyDragon (k: 8), who also notes: "Several Spawns", (35) foffo (k: 5), (36) nettaigyo, (37) Daragh (k: 9), (38) apistomaster (k: 100), who also notes: "Regularly bred for commercial purposes. ~1000 pieces 2006-2007.", (39) Teelie (k: 6), who also notes: "Have them in a 29g right now with 6 Long-fin Blue Danios, Betta and Apple snails but plan to move them to a 40g breeder with a pair of Albino Bristlenoses by the end of the week. Also intend to get another 4-6 to enlarge the group.", (40) Richie Hell, (41) certan, (42) martijn, (43) AmLi (k: 8), (44) vernonlarge, (45) loafingloach (k: 6), who also notes: "my first purposely bred cory. eggs are small but still durable enough to remove by "rolling method". just give a few hours between laying and hardening. or better yet, just remove parents. almost as boisterous as C.aeneus", (46) cwm, (47) woofess, (48) Kampi (k: 7), who also notes: "Quarantined for 1 week, and then added to community tank. It took about four days for them to settle down in a CO2 enriched aquarium. One individual swims up and down along the glass of the 30 inch tall aquarium constantly except to eat.", (49) Birger Amundsen, (50) amygoodness, (51) humle (k: 7), (52) AngJo, (53) einstein-a-go-go, (54) greigzee (k: 10), who also notes: "03/11/07, noticed for first time they were spawning.", (55) Bengt F, (56) yogi69 (k: 5), (57) dixon1990, (58) fulvioander (k: 4), (59) rimbaudsarm, (60) Carp37 (k: 4), who also notes: "Spawn twice a year most years (Spring and Autumn)- coinciding with temperature rise due to more direct sunlight in Summer, and house heating being switched on in Autumn.", (61) bslindgren (k: 4), who also notes: "This is my favourite cory. It has a certain dignity over it. They seem very hardy - of the 6 small ones I got (probably less than an inch) to join my big ones two died at once, and one more later, unfortunately. One of my original two died this year, but the largest of the new is pairing up. They are quite commonly browsing on plants fairly high in the tank.", (62) Luka (k: 10), (63) Lydia, (64) caverman (k: 7), (65) rob1066 (k: 4), (66) Selveste_Preben (k: 26), (67) jollysue (k: 10), (68) Cory Lover 1, (69) Mazer, (70) invaderwithkey (k: 2), (71) Snowy (k: 10), (72) Walter, (73) irshprncsk, (74) hoplo (k: 20), (75) Plecofanatic1989 (k: 10), (76) defibf, (77) reneb (k: 3), (78) goodmike (k: 4), (79) Dolphin Dip, (80) corydoras, (81) Ironhead (k: 112), who also notes: "These wild sterbai are much darker and robust...they were brought to me by a native of Columbia studying here in the US.", (82) glenny (k: 2), (83) gem400, (84) Firestorming (k: 16), (85) iramjohn, (86) Haavard Stoere (k: 16), (87) teddyman5 (k: 16), (88) alexmuchtar, (89) Suckermouth (k: 2), (90) Rootbear (k: 11), who also notes: "We have had several spawns, some eggs removed and hatched out but fry do not last more than a week. Some success in the tank with 3 visible fry.", (91) nooneknows (k: 20), (92) Koen (k: 15), (93) cymrucat (k: 2), who also notes: "had 3 but they love swinning into the filter jet outlet and when I removed the lid to plant a plant one must have pool jumped, V sad but a thing I've discovered all corys do naturally", (94) kwakermad (k: 10), (95) Gump (k: 2), (96) darkwolf29a, (97) kenneth knutsen, (98) Gry, (99) Troender (k: 12), (100) myrheksa (k: 13), (101) misscoolkitty, (102) Liz H, (103) weisel (k: 9), (104) Olivier, (105) heavenesque, (106) ayshea (k: 4), (107) polardbear (k: 21), (108) SalmonAfrica, (109) theonetruepath (k: 3), (110) stephaneg (k: 2), (111) rtw (k: 12), (112) jar (k: 12), (113) sulfur (p: 2), (114) daryn39, (115) Brie, (116) LowCat (k: 2), (117) kellygirl, (118) pureplecs (k: 4), (119) observant person (p: 2), (120) kamas88 (k: 6), who also notes: "Breeding several times", (121) kabaltah (k: 12), (122) Kampfer, (123) koter73, (124) HelloStranger, (125) fjack88, (126) chalkvandam, (127) HeadHunter, (128) Boromark, (129) apisto-nut, (130) krzys, (131) jac (k: 30), (132) Kingmickyb (k: 4), who also notes: "Got 4 of them, and 4 other corys (unsure of species) which all seem to be happy together.", (133) Kets (k: 4), (134) tophat665 (k: 7), (135) Aquariumfun (k: 126), (136) eriken (p: 2), (137) Phoxinus (k: 110), (138) johanx, (139) xander, (140) a2fishguy, (141) bevans (k: 4), who also notes: "I've not successfully sexed them yet. Have them in a 10 gallon at present with a pair of fancy guppies.", (142) sonovue, (143) chochiss, (144) fishmosy (k: 2), (145) GW_NL (k: 20), (146) RickE (k: 4), (147) thejudgement (k: 4), (148) AlaskanCorydoras (k: 4), who also notes: "Cute little spotted cories. ", (149) smithrc, (150) Nitro Cory, (151) Tom B (k: 4), (152) Lloydy (k: 3), (153) jha61, (154) pcreader, (155) Azarak (k: 8), (156) boogie (k: 3), (157) Fishguy2727, (158) mgamer20o0, (159) JustKia, who also notes: "Albino", (160) nomuken (k: 16), (161) coheedandcambriarules (k: 6), (162) Sponge Bob, (163) tcmfish (k: 2), (164) suprabiatch (k: 13), (165) Cory_lover (k: 8), (166) drd, (167) TheSmurfinator, (168) Greg Curtis, (169) robert521, (170) kwjkwj, (171) vince0 (k: 4), (172) jørn henning flåten, (173) ouscazz (k: 15), (174) topline, (175), (176) iljasas (k: 15), (177) rich815, (178) 05 LL Stang (p: 2), (179) elle_1313, (180) KnaveTO (k: 5), (181) ayrtoninst (k: 36), (182) Ozcattie (p: 2), (183) rodpam, (184) SHEAG35 (k: 55), (185) 2wheelsx2 (p: 2, k: 26), who also notes: "One died a while back.", (186) d3n2 (p: 2, k: 6), (187) puresp (k: 20), (188) peterl, (189) vanillarum (k: 7), (190) dandyfang, (191) Zzyzx85, (192) Luis.Ventura, (193) PeterUK (k: 4), (194) groeneen (k: 14), (195) Barracuda518 (k: 8), (196) nerdworks (k: 22), (197) keen-eyed (k: 54), (198) eggy080, (199) markhinch, (200) leej24 (k: 15), (201) cory777, (202) Hitch (k: 4), (203) Bartman (k: 4), (204) Rainyfly (p: 2), (205) sterba (k: 57), (206) fleshgear, (207) matti2uude (k: 6), (208) J Bluto, (209) bunthid tumnontigoon (k: 11), (210) terryd, (211) Hikarixz, (212) ranmasan (k: 6), (213) rhibear (k: 9), (214) andywoolloo (p: 2, k: 17), who also notes: "many babies", "babies all over", (215) Avinitlarge (k: 10), (216) adcc (k: 5), (217) DuconLajoie, (218) bulldogsimon (k: 10), (219) har_eh (k: 12), (220) PlecoCrazy (k: 7), (221) jo o (k: 6), (222) Nuno Mendes (k: 20), (223) highoctane500 (k: 2), (224) cherabin, (225) LeeRoy (k: 7), who also notes: " These fish are about 3/4" long, there color is good, and they have the orange edged fins. ", (226) kwalker (k: 15), (227) Donald (k: 15), (228) boyneburn, (229) Steff_ (k: 12), (230) NC24, (231) janne dahle (k: 25), (232) mulley, (233) Ethanyo (k: 6), (234) nasdaq77, (235) aides, (236) jp11biod, (237) dave.h, (238) MarcW (k: 6), (239) Mowin (k: 6), (240) aquaoahu (p: 2), (241) jpod, (242) Joost (k: 25), (243) Martin S (p: 2, k: 10), (244) jimlaroche83 (k: 4), (245) brianmc, (246) SHEAG (k: 20), (247) coryla (k: 30), (248) miku (k: 5), (249) wgtaylor, (250) Mark Roesner, (251) Armand (k: 25), (252) arapaimag (k: 11), (253) melancholy, (254) Sam (k: 6), (255) CATMAndrew (k: 3), (256) bluestbluedog (k: 6), (257) Dinnie, (258) reksteen, (259) sammy2875, (260) reefdive, (261) KansasGuppyGuy (k: 20), (262) rmc (k: 7), (263) CATMANdrew (k: 10), (264) Anthonyck (k: 4), who also notes: "Lost one of initial three. Others are eating beard algae and doing well. Added two more a week later. May 2012 - This same group has survived power outages and are doing great. One was swallowed by the last goldfish in the tank, but survived the encounter! This species is awesome. I would recommend it for any established ( and suitable) tank.", (265) donpetty (k: 9), who also notes: "Kept in 55 gallon Amazon tank with whiptail cats and red lizards (L10a)", (266) AquariumLover04 (k: 6), (267) MHS, (268) xakkan (k: 3), (269) metalface2 (k: 6), (270) Shawnc, (271) backstreetgambler (k: 5), (272) spewydog (k: 14), (273) fusco (k: 6), (274) Andypex (k: 15), who also notes: "2 Adult breeding groups brought together in this tank.", (275) jeff.l, (276) sendthis, (277) Catfish freak, (278) plecusmaximus10 (p: 3, k: 6), (279) funkyj1313, (280) vb75, (281) mikebren12 (k: 13), who also notes: "03/06/13. 9 more added.", (282) L018, (283) Darren Balch, (284) richb, (285) jessonthenet, (286) Chris5787, (287) fish_mad_guy, (288) chef, (289) crusnik (k: 22), (290) pleco_breeder (k: 55), who also notes: "Several fry have randomly grown up in the adults tank.", (291) mani29 (k: 6), (292) Maddin2007 (k: 20), (293) Ronja, (294) lasteeves (k: 3), (295) slimrs, (296) jlim, (297) AndyW555 (k: 6), (298) JamieH, (299) gforcefx, (300) papwalker (k: 9), who also notes: "Will need new tank for numbers soon (24/08/2012)", (301) yogi88, (302) anthonyking, (303) gossei (k: 5), (304) Glyndwr, (305) Nimitz (k: 8), (306) alleykat (k: 12), who also notes: "Have grown very nicely, bought them at a healthy 3,5cm, and are already at 6cm! appear to be in great health, and very active. must be one of my favorite cories!", (307) agusmeteor (k: 10), (308) Woodza73 (k: 6), who also notes: "Originally group of 6", (309) mamoo (k: 7), (310) SuzukaS2k, (311) JamesStuddart (k: 3), (312) dav (k: 3), (313) KillieOrCory, (314) fahaka, (315) thereverendturtle (k: 4), who also notes: "Purchased all missing one or both eyes, doesn't seem to affect them. They are growing well and have no problems finding food.", (316) jopbgon, (317) mpedersen (k: 10), who also notes: "Two spawnings recently since adding Catappa leaves to the tank; may or may not have triggerd it. High egg mortality, only 4 hatched on second attempt. Still refining my technique.", (318) ChristianS (k: 61), (319) francistrus (k: 8), (320) mcq1, (321) dvdrew, (322) timipi (k: 10), (323) rasaabt (k: 4), (324) freddynietzsche, (325) darr3ll, (326) AlphaWolf1995 (k: 8), (327) magdalo (k: 10), (328) Cory Ben, (329) Paul, (330) azura, (331) mjh712 (k: 6), who also notes: "First spawn on 5/27/2013 (morning after water change, light was off full day before water change (starter broke), and apisto's spawned day before)", (332) JamieDurrant (k: 12), (333) Regina, (334) Goodeid608, (335) botguy13 (p: 2, k: 2), (336) uaru (k: 35), who also notes: "Started with six, which bred and raised dozens of fry in a planted tank. Moved maybe 20 to different tanks", (337) Xaim (k: 15), who also notes: "Every 3 weeks i have a egg spawn. Very wellfed, and growing good.", (338) Gallett291, (339) hill5555 (k: 4), (340) TDMG82, (341) atelopusman, (342) crazyjock (k: 58), (343) Thoth (k: 5), (344) keig0006 (k: 10), (345) Elwood (k: 11), (346) Shazray, (347) tomr (k: 8), (348) Stuey, (349) Stefanus, (350) lilu (k: 2), (351) seliel (k: 10), (352) summoner2183 (k: 10), (353) Shaddex, (354) Rebel00357 (k: 9), (355) CaptainCutter (k: 2), (356) Jdmcfast, (357) Lee Meadows, (358) Kanta, (359) lhafvens, (360) Tony C (k: 10), (361) Silurius, (362) fishdoc313 (k: 12), (363) splashski, (364) Supercorygirl, (365) jvharskamp, (366) ccapraz, (367) CatWhat, (368) Monkeh (k: 11), (369) LostYeti (k: 7), (370) sailor247 (k: 3), (371) Ozboy (k: 10), (372) Tamcon83 (k: 8), (373) camillajakobsen93 (k: 10), (374) kalija (k: 6), (375) BazzNL (k: 14), (376) john h, (377) Valb68 (k: 6), (378) JoelyE95 (k: 2), (379) TKL, (380) jorgehdzy, (381) Heyguy74, (382) SeanL (k: 6), (383) slayer5590, (384) daveh01772, (385) bbetta, (386) Gertbl (k: 15), (387) HUNdani, (388) French47, (389) davidcook3, (390) Ingvald Arne Meland, (391) bbdean (k: 6), (392) PlecosAndLoaches (k: 9), (393) sushi1980, (394) DaveH (k: 12), (395) CarlDeller (k: 6), (396) TohokuChris, (397) Marine590622, (398) krazyGeoff, (399) gille (k: 6), (400) christiansen (k: 6), (401) acharman (k: 4), (402) Jumpmaster, (403) labyazilim (k: 8), (404) P.C. Hasselgreen (k: 50), who also notes: "I bought 6 at one auktion, and 6 at another. They were doing fine spawning in a 260 liter with 1600 pump. Plenty of sand, plants, and Icelandic (sharp) Lava. Being left to themselves they bread but few lived to be adult. Probably because I rarely saw them for all the rocks and plants, I fed as if they were 12 when they were really 25, they ate their own? I currently hold 40 in a 1050 liter tank and they spawn more or less every day - to the great pleasure of the athor fish in the tank, some which I think have the eggs as their primary food. I have a hard time harvesting eggs as they are litterally eaten in a matter of seconds, rarely more than 30 seconds. As a response to all the eggs being eaten right of the windowpane they have turned more and more to laying their eggs on plants or else where in the tank. I´ve seen one that must have grown up in the new tank, and I guess there are more in there somewhere. Because the sexratio is all wrong I have had a lot of unfertilized eggs and plan on taking them out for a serious breeding session. The lay quite a large amount of eggs all year round.", (405) Dragonrat (k: 2), who also notes: "First spawned 3rd June 2014 Second (observed) spawning 29th July 2014", (406) jodilynn, (407) Alexedwards07, (408) nvcichlids (k: 15), (409) KGlo (k: 4), (410) cavemed, (411) VickyEll7 (k: 3), (412) Leon (k: 29), (413) CorydoraCat (k: 2), (414) lee73, (415) David R (k: 20), (416) Waldharjaz (k: 6), (417) Csababá, (418) rcbows (k: 6), (419) jamesyboy, (420) Norbert (k: 9), (421) Rob Huntley (k: 4), (422) Eitel (k: 9).

Click on a username above to see all that persons registered catfish species. You can also view all "my cats" data for this species.
Breeding Reports (1) SeanL (b: 43), (2) mjh712 (b: 42), (3) Xaim (b: 40), (4) donpetty (b: 39), (5) Valb68 (b: 36), (6) har_eh (b: 24), (7) papwalker (b: 24), (8) sheldon (b: 22), (9) Marine590622 (b: 11), (10) plecusmaximus10 (b: 10), (11) backstreetgambler (b: 10), (12) azura (b: 10), (13) P.C. Hasselgreen (b: 10), (14) Dragonrat (b: 10), (15) tomr (b: 6), (16) Elwood (b: 6), (17) MatsP (b: 1).
Article - Shane's World Reproduction Breeding Corydoras sterbai
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Last Update 2013 Jul 19 00:04 (species record created: 2003 Jul 01 11:22)

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