Cat-eLog Right Arrow Callichthyidae Right Arrow Callichthyinae Right Arrow Hoplosternum

Jump to next section Cat-eLog Data Sheet
Scientific Name Hoplosternum punctatum  Meek & Hildebrand, 1916
Common Name Spotted Hoplo
Type Locality Río Marte Arnade, 6 mi. east of Panama City, Panama.
Pronunciation hop low STERN um
Etymology Hoplosternum: From the Greek hoplon, meaning shield and sternum, meaning breast; in reference to the prominent coracoid bones on the breast. 
Jump to next section Species Information
Size 77mm or 3" SL. Find near, nearer or same sized spp.
Identification Hoplosternum punctatum and Dianema longibarbis are sometimes confused. Hoplosternum punctatum has smaller eyes. In adults the difference in bodyshape and armour is easier to spot; the pectoral shields in Hoplosternum punctatum do not touch in the center (females) or overlap (males), but in Dianema these are closely placed together.
The simplest way to tell them apart is to look at the length of the dorsal fin spine. In Hoplosternum it is about half the length of the first soft ray. In Dianema the dorsal fin spine is about the same length as the first soft ray.
Jump to next section Habitat Information
Distribution Central and South America: Pacific coastal drainages of Panama and in the Atrato River basin in Colombia.
Colombia Caribbean Rivers, Atrato (click on these areas to find other species found there)

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Jump to next section Husbandry Information
Breeding Unreported.
Breeding Reports There is no breeding report.
Jump to next section Further Information
Reference Field Museum of Natural History, Publications, Zoölogical Series v. 10 (no. 15), pp 264, Pls. 14-15.
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Last Update 2019 Sep 26 08:56 (species record created: 2003 Jun 21 00:00)