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  • Clarias camerunensis
  • Clarias camerunensis
Jump to next section Cat-eLog Data Sheet
Scientific Name Clarias camerunensis  Lönnberg, 1895
Common Name
Type Locality Cameroon.
Synonym(s) Clarias breviceps, Clarias duchaillui, Clarias monkei, Clarias nigeriae, Clarias poensis, Clarias submarginatus, Clarias walkeri
Pronunciation klar ee ass - kah mer roon
Etymology Clarias: From the Greek chlaros, meaning lively; in reference to the ability of the fish to live for long periods out of water. Named after its type locality (Cameroon).
Jump to next section Species Information
Size 420mm or 16.5" SL. Find near, nearer or same sized spp.
Identification Clarias species are characterized by having an elongated body; a soft rayed dorsal fin extending to, or nearly to, the caudal fin base; a soft rayed anal fin extending from just behind the anus to the caudal fin base; pectoral fins each with a serrated anterior bony spine; head depressed, covered largely by firmly sutured, surface sculptured bony plates forming a protective helmet; four pairs of flagellate barbels (nasals, maxillaries, inner and outer mandibulars); air breathing organs derived from the 2nd and 4th epibranchials within a superbranchial chamber.

Dorsal rays 69-87; anal rays 52-70; vertebrae 56-61. Head rectangular dorsally; snout extremely broadly rounded; eyes more laterally placed. Frontal fontanelle long/narrow; occipital fontanelle long and oval-shaped. Supraorbital and `dermosphenotic' bones separated in specimens over 200 mm SL. Toothplate extremely broad. Pectoral spine slender; outer side showing strong downward serrations. Suprabranchial organ well developed. Openings of the secondary sensory canals show a regular pattern.
Sexing The genital papilla, which is to the right of the anus as you look at the fish with its head to the left, is elongated and pointed in males while it is round and relatively larger (and larger than the anus) in females. In ventral view especially, females are much broader in the body than males of equal age and rearing practices.
Jump to next section Habitat Information
Distribution West and Central Africa: coastal rivers in Togo to the lower and central Congo system. Reported from Ghana.
African Waters, Congo, Lower Congo (click on these areas to find other species found there)
African Waters, Congo, Middle Congo (click on these areas to find other species found there)

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IUCN Red List Category Least Concern, range map and more is available on the IUCN species page. Last assessed 2009.
pH 6.0 - 8.0
Temperature 20.0-27.0°C or 68-80.6°F (Show species within this range)
Jump to next section Husbandry Information
Feeding Omnivorous and predatory. Will eat virtually anything that can be considered edible.
Furniture Open spaces for swimming and some cover is required.
Compatibility Must be housed with lively, robust large fish.
Suggested Tankmates Large Cyprinids (Silver Sharks, Tinfoil or Spanner Barbs for example) or Central American Cichlids.
Breeding Not reported.
Breeding Reports There is no breeding report.
Jump to next section Further Information
Reference Öfversigt af Kongliga Vetenskaps-akademiens Forhandlingar v. 52 (no. 3), pp 182.
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Last Update 2019 Sep 26 11:22 (species record created: 2003 Jun 25 00:00)