|Cat-eLog Data Sheet|
|Scientific Name||Clarias camerunensis Lönnberg, 1895|
|Synonym(s)||Clarias breviceps, Clarias duchaillui, Clarias monkei, Clarias nigeriae, Clarias poensis, Clarias submarginatus, Clarias walkeri|
|Pronunciation||klar ee ass - kah mer roon|
|Etymology||Clarias: From the Greek chlaros, meaning lively; in reference to the ability of the fish to live for long periods out of water. Named after its type locality (Cameroon).|
|Size||420mm or 16.5" SL. Find near, nearer or same sized spp.|
|Identification||Clarias species are characterized by having an elongated body; a soft rayed dorsal fin extending to, or nearly to, the caudal fin base; a soft rayed anal fin extending from just behind the anus to the caudal fin base; pectoral fins each with a serrated anterior bony spine; head depressed, covered largely by firmly sutured, surface sculptured bony plates forming a protective helmet; four pairs of flagellate barbels (nasals, maxillaries, inner and outer mandibulars); air breathing organs derived from the 2nd and 4th epibranchials within a superbranchial chamber.
Dorsal rays 69-87; anal rays 52-70; vertebrae 56-61. Head rectangular dorsally; snout extremely broadly rounded; eyes more laterally placed. Frontal fontanelle long/narrow; occipital fontanelle long and oval-shaped. Supraorbital and `dermosphenotic' bones separated in specimens over 200 mm SL. Toothplate extremely broad. Pectoral spine slender; outer side showing strong downward serrations. Suprabranchial organ well developed. Openings of the secondary sensory canals show a regular pattern.
|Sexing||The genital papilla, which is to the right of the anus as you look at the fish with its head to the left, is elongated and pointed in males while it is round and relatively larger (and larger than the anus) in females. In ventral view especially, females are much broader in the body than males of equal age and rearing practices.|
|Distribution||West and Central Africa: coastal rivers in Togo to the lower and central Congo system. Reported from Ghana.
African Waters, Congo, Lower Congo (click on these areas to find other species found there)
African Waters, Congo, Middle Congo (click on these areas to find other species found there)
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|IUCN Red List Status||Least Concern|
|pH||6.0 - 8.0|
|Temperature||20.0-27.0°C or 68-80.6°F (Show species within this range)|
|Feeding||Omnivorous and predatory. Will eat virtually anything that can be considered edible.|
|Furniture||Open spaces for swimming and some cover is required.|
|Compatibility||Must be housed with lively, robust large fish.|
|Suggested Tankmates||Large Cyprinids (Silver Sharks, Tinfoil or Spanner Barbs for example) or Central American Cichlids.|
|Breeding Reports||There is no breeding report.|
|References||Oefvers. Svensk. Vet. Akad. Förh.1895 (no. 3) - pp182|
|Registered Keepers||Keeping this species? Why not .
There is no registered keeper.
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|Spotters||Spotted this species somewhere? Click the binoculars!
There is but a single record of this fish being seen, view it.
|More on Clarias camerunensis|
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|Last Update||2006 Oct 07 05:59 (species record created: 2003 Jun 25 00:00)|