|Cat-eLog Data Sheet|
|Scientific Name||Vandellia cirrhosa Valenciennes, 1846|
Almindelig Snyltemalle (Denmark)
|Type Locality||Probably from America [= South America].|
|Synonym(s)||Plectrochilus erythrurus, Urinophilus erythrurus, Vandellia gigantea|
|Pronunciation||sir hoe sah|
|Etymology||Vandellia: Named after M Vandelli.|
|Size||170mm or 6.7" SL. Find near, nearer or same sized spp.|
|Identification||Transparent to yellowish body, fleshy dorsal fin without strong spine.|
|General Remarks||The fish of this genus are the true vampire-style parasites of the otherwise ill-named parasitic catfish family. In nature they sense the passing of larger fish by the dissolved waste in the water streaming out of their gills. This attracts the parasite to the gill cavity where it feeds, dropping off to lie on the substrate when sated and visibily full to bursting with blood. Legends abound and surround this fish as it can mistake the urination of partially submerged mammals (including humans) for the exhalent gills of fishes and enter the urogenital openings of the very unfortunate mammal.
A fascinating piece of trivia is that this fish is often referred to as the only vertebrate parasite of man.
|Distribution||South America: Amazon River basin.
Amazon (click on these areas to find other species found there)
Orinoco (click on these areas to find other species found there)
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|IUCN Red List Category||Not Evaluated|
|pH||6.0 - 7.0|
|Feeding||Despite recorded attempts to feed this fish chopped fish gills, blood (via a dropper) and conventional foods, it appears this fish is specialised to the point that it can only feed from live fish.|
|Furniture||Doesn't appear to like bright conditions, so floating plants should be offered. When not actively swimming around in search of its next victim, the fish will rest on the bottom, particularly after feeding.|
|Compatibility||For obvious reasons this fish should be kept alone; smaller fish are not ignored by this fish and can be killed outright by one parasitic visitation.|
|Suggested Tankmates||Food and other Vandellia.|
|Breeding Reports||There is no breeding report.|
|Reference||Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 18, pp 386, Pl. 547.|
|Registered Keepers||Keeping this species? Why not .
There are 2 registered keepers, view all "my cats" data.
|Wishlists||Love this species? Click the heart to add it to your wish list.
There is no wish to keep this species.
|Spotters||Spotted this species somewhere? Click the binoculars!
There is but a single record of this fish being seen, view it.
|More on Vandellia cirrhosa|
|Look up Vandellia cirrhosa on AquaticRepublic.com|
|Look up Vandellia cirrhosa on Fishbase|
|Look up Vandellia cirrhosa on Encyclopedia of Life|
|Look up Vandellia cirrhosa on Global Biodiversity Information Facility|
|'||LFS label creator.|
|Last Update||2020 Sep 17 11:51 (species record created: 2003 Jun 28 00:00)|