|Cat-eLog Data Sheet|
|Scientific Name||Noturus eleutherus Jordan, 1877|
|Common Names||Mountain Madtom
|Type Locality||Big Pigeon River, tributary of French Broad River, [probably near Newport, Cocke County], Tennessee, U.S.A.|
|Pronunciation||no two russ|
|Etymology||From the Greek notos, meaning back and oura, meaning tail. In reference to the confluent adipose and caudal fins. This epithet has two possible meanings. The first possible epithet refers to the "free" (i.e. Eleutherius=Zeus=god of freedom) or incomplete fusion of the adipose and caudal fins. The second possible epithet may refer to the founder of the species, Jordan, "freeing" his specimen from the jaws of a water snake.|
|Size||130mm or 5.1" SL. Find near, nearer or same sized spp.|
|Identification||Robust body; fairly deep caudal peduncle.Dark brown bar on caudal fin base.Long pectoral spine with 6-10 prominent sawlike teeth on rear edge, large teeth on front edge. Brown or gray above, usually dark mottling; usually 4 vague saddles; light below.|
|Sexing||Breeding male with swollen lips,enlarged cephalic epaxial muscles, and large bulbous gentital papilla. Female with papilla with deep median groove ending in a small bump.|
|General Remarks||Occurs in clear, cool, rocky riffles, runs and flowing pools of creeks. This species is highly endangered.|
|Distribution||North America: Ohio River basin from northwestern Pennsylvania to eastern Illinois, and south to Tennessee and northern Georgia in the USA; White and St. Francis River drainages in Missouri and Arkansas, USA; Mississippi River in western Tennessee, USA; Ouachita River and Red River drainages in the USA.
Gulf Coast Drainages, Mississippi, Ohio (click on these areas to find other species found there)
Gulf Coast Drainages, Mississippi, White River (Arkansas) (click on these areas to find other species found there)
Gulf Coast Drainages, Mississippi, Saint Francis (click on these areas to find other species found there)
Gulf Coast Drainages, Mississippi (click on these areas to find other species found there)
Gulf Coast Drainages, Mississippi, Red River (Texas), Ouachita (click on these areas to find other species found there)
Gulf Coast Drainages, Mississippi, Red River (Texas) (click on these areas to find other species found there)
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|IUCN Red List Category||Least Concern, range map and more is available on the IUCN species page. Last assessed 2012.|
|pH||6.2 - 7.0|
|Temperature||14.0-22.0°C or 57.2-71.6°F (Show species within this range)|
|Other Parameters||Highly oxygenated water a must.|
|Feeding||Readily feeds on live and frozen foods. Will also adapt to flake and prepared foods for the aquarium.|
|Furniture||Provide sand mixed with peat moss, pvc pipes, flat rocks and vegetation.|
|Compatibility||Suitable for a coldwater community tank.Ideal tank mates include small-midsized North american native fishes such as darters and shiners.|
|Suggested Tankmates||Ideal tankmates include small to midsized North American native fishes such as darters and shiners.|
|Breeding||Spawning occurs in the months of may-august. It is difficult in the aquarium however it has been done when wild caught specimens are added to aquariums with warmer temperatures than the river or drainage system they are captured from.|
|Breeding Reports||There is no breeding report.|
|Reference||Annals of the Lyceum of Natural History of New York v. 11 (nos 11-12) (art. 29), pp 371.|
|Registered Keepers||Keeping this species? Why not .
There is no registered keeper.
|Wishlists||Love this species? Click the heart to add it to your wish list.
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|Spotters||Spotted this species somewhere? Click the binoculars!
There is no record of this fish being seen.
|More on Noturus eleutherus|
|Look up Noturus eleutherus on AquaticRepublic.com|
|Look up Noturus eleutherus on Fishbase|
|Look up Noturus eleutherus on Encyclopedia of Life|
|Look up Noturus eleutherus on Global Biodiversity Information Facility|
|LFS label creator.|
|Last Update||2019 Sep 26 14:51 (species record created: 2003 Aug 16 00:00)|