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  • Noturus gilberti
Jump to next section Cat-eLog Data Sheet
Scientific Name Noturus gilberti  Jordan & Evermann in Jordan, 1889
Common Names Orangefin Madtom
Orangefinnet Giftmalle (Denmark)
Type Locality Roanoke R., Salem, Virginia, U.S.A.
Pronunciation no two russ
Etymology From the Greek notos, meaning back and oura, meaning tail. In reference to the confluent adipose and caudal fins. Named to honour Charles H. Gilbert.
Jump to next section Species Information
Size 100mm or 3.9" SL. Find near, nearer or same sized spp.
Identification Long, slender body, flat head. White to orange triangle on upper edge of dusky to dark caudal fin. Short dorsal and pectoral spines. Olive or brown above; pale yellow or white below; light yellow or white edge on dark fins.
Sexing Breeding male with swollen lips,enlarged cephalic epaxial muscles, and large bulbous genital papilla. Female with papilla with deep median groove ending in a small bump
General Remarks Inhabits rocky riffles and runs of clear, swift, small rivers .
Jump to next section Habitat Information
Distribution North America: Upper Roanoke River (including Dan River) drainage in Virginia and North Carolina, USA.
North American Atlantic Drainages, Roanoke, Upper Roanoke (click on these areas to find other species found there)
North American Atlantic Drainages, Roanoke, Upper Roanoke, Dan (click on these areas to find other species found there)

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IUCN Red List Status Endangered
pH 6.2 - 7.0
Temperature 14.0-22.0°C or 57.2-71.6°F (Show species within this range)
Other Parameters Highly oxygenated water is required.
Jump to next section Husbandry Information
Feeding Readily feeds on live and frozen foods. Will also adapt to flake and prepared foods for the aquarium.
Furniture Provide sand mixed with peat moss, pvc pipes, flat rocks and vegetation.
Compatibility Suitable for a coldwater community tank.Ideal tank mates include small-mid sized North American native fishes such as darters and shiners.
Suggested Tankmates Ideal tankmates include small to midsized North American native fishes such as darters and shiners.
Breeding Spawning occurs in the months of may-august. It is difficult in the aquarium however it has been done when wild caught specimens are added to aquariums with warmer temperatures than the river or drainage system they are captured from.
Breeding Reports There is no breeding report.
Jump to next section Further Information
References Proc. U. S. Natl. Mus.v. 11 (no. 723) - pp352 - Pl. 43 (figs. 2-2b)
A Field Guide To Freshwater Fishes North America
North American Native Fishes for the Home Aquarium
American Aquarium Fishes
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Last Update 2007 May 08 18:05 (species record created: 2003 Aug 16 00:00)