Cat-eLog Right Arrow Callichthyidae Right Arrow Corydoradinae Right Arrow Brochis

Jump to next section Cat-eLog Data Sheet
Scientific NameBrochis splendens  (Castelnau, 1855)
Common NamesEmerald Catfish
Brochis-Panzerwels (Germany), Common Brochis, Emerald Brochis, Green Catfish, Smaragdpansermalle (Denmark)
Type LocalityRio Tocantins, Brazil.
Synonym(s)Brochis coeruleus, Brochis dipterus, Callichthys splendens, Callichthys taiosh, Chaenothorax bicarinatus, Chaenothorax eigenmanni, Corydoras semiscutatus
PronunciationBROK iss - SPLEN denz
EtymologyBrochis: From the Greek brochis, meaning inkhorn; in reference to the resemblance of the fish to one. This specific epithet means "to shine" (splendes=shine).
Jump to next section Species Information
Size 99mm or 3.9" SL. Find near, nearer or same sized spp.
IdentificationThe genus Brochis can be distinguished from other corydoradine species by the fact that Brochis have more than 10 rays in the dorsal fin, whilst all other members of the Corydoradinae have 7 rays.

B. splendens has fewer rays (10 - 12) in its dorsal fin than the other two species of Brochis
SexingMature females are larger and more fuller. Sexing immature fish is very inaccurate.
Jump to next section Habitat Information
DistributionSouth America: Ecuador, Peru, Brazil
Amazon (click on these areas to find other species found there)
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pH5.8 - 8.0
Temperature22.0-28.0°C or 71.6-82.4°F (Show species within this range)
Other ParametersWill adapt to most conditions providing the water is of reasonable quality. Is happier than most fish in low-oxygen conditions. Larger fish prefer deeper water, but this species is less unsettled by life in shallower water.
Jump to next section Husbandry Information
FeedingA fish that likes to dig around for food, but will eat all prepared foods that find their way to the substrate. Live bloodworms or tubifex are especially relished - be careful with the tubifex. It can be difficult to feed carefully and if it starts living in the tank water conditions can quickly deteriorate. This can, at least in part, be controlled by offering tubifex in a shallow ceramic bowl.
FurnitureOpen spaces of substrate, and rock or wood refuges, slightly elevated to provide the shade these fish like to rest under, in rare moments of inactivity.
CompatibilityAn ideal community tank resident, keep in shoals.
Suggested TankmatesCan be kept with most fish. More suitable for keeping with loaches than Corydoras as their larger size helps them compete better for food. Boisterous enough to be kept in more dynamic aquaria. Perfect for an Amazon River biotope.
BreedingSee catfish of the month link below.
Jump to next section Further Information
ReferencesExped. Amer. Sud.v. 2 - pp39 - Pl. 18 (fig. 3)
Registered Keepers(1) Jools (k: 4), who also notes: "Collected in Peru 2000.", (2) MatsP (p: 2, k: 9), who also notes: "Originally got 5 of them, but a couple have had "accidents".", "Added to supplement the original group of 6 that has dwindled to 3 over the past five years.", (3) synoguy (k: 3), (4) Dick F., (5) mummymonkey (k: 7), (6) Keithj (k: 7), (7) Floody, (8) Sandtiger, (9) CatBrat, (10) Coryman, (11) joern (k: 8), (12) Barracuda518 (k: 8), (13) FuglyDragon (k: 6), who also notes: "Awesome coloration once settled. Spawned once.", (14) chris 1 (k: 5), (15) AmLi (k: 2), (16) loafingloach, who also notes: "timid without buddies, though the size of these guys may prohibit having a bigger group. I would give it a 55 gallon min with a shoal of at least 8. color up fast with good food. when given worms, they will get eye deep in sand for them.", (17) kingaru, (18) notv19, (19) Carp37 (k: 8), who also notes: "Initially 3 adults and 11 juveniles from eggs laid 12/08/07. Lost 6 between July and February 2011.", (20) jollysue (k: 9), (21) zenyfish (k: 6), who also notes: "Delicate (7.9 ph water).", (22) Firestorming (k: 5), (23) Schwec (p: 2), (24) teddyman5, (25) nooneknows, (26) anitabritt (k: 13), who also notes: "13 wc youngsters. ", (27) scat35 (p: 2), (28) Troender (k: 5), (29) griffl, (30) Plecofanatic1989 (k: 2), (31) myrheksa (k: 11), (32) Pungen (k: 11), (33) kfreedman, (34) Brie, (35) AU Chief (k: 11), (36) gem400, (37) inkyjenn (k: 3), (38) evesonevo (k: 5), (39) Kampfer (k: 2), (40) krzys (k: 4), (41) coppernite (k: 5), (42) Kets (k: 6), (43) AlaskanCorydoras (k: 10), who also notes: "By far my most active/energetic armoured cats. ", (44) novice, (45) ali12345 (k: 3), (46) Nick44 (k: 3), (47) theonetruepath (k: 4), (48) Nitro Cory, (49) Segelkaerpfling (k: 8), (50) Timthedrifter, (51) tcmfish (k: 3), (52) corymkl, (53) Cory_lover (k: 2), (54) wonderdognc, (55) dbhewitt63 (k: 2), (56) docszoo, (57) flappinganimal, (58) topline, (59) saphphx (k: 3), (60) rich815, (61) harpchad, (62) jacobhayes79 (k: 3), (63) ElTofi (k: 26), who also notes: "Bred 3 times, I found the fry once it was 3 cm long. Poor result as I didn't do anything to help. add a 10 pces group this late April", (64) keen-eyed (k: 7), (65) joemc, (66) taninsama, (67) rhibear (k: 7), (68) Shaun (k: 8), who also notes: "5 WC, 3 Captive bred.", (69) crkinney (k: 3), (70) NC24, (71) Beth, (72) FishandFire, (73) jenniebean (k: 3), (74) tetra&catman, (75) hankinswood (k: 8), (76) retroculus, (77) SHEAG, (78) Mark Roesner, (79) KansasGuppyGuy (k: 6), (80) sammy2875, (81) elcucuu, (82) MHS, (83) tropical, (84) kiwiplymouth, (85) Roland, (86) wendy333, (87) jeff.l, (88) sendthis, (89) slayer5590, (90) vb75, (91) fusco (k: 4), (92) Phyllonemus, (93) catfish-pigeon (k: 2), (94) francistrus (k: 4), (95) lasteeves (k: 10), (96) slimrs, (97) Anthonyck (k: 2), who also notes: "These seem to be fragile among the pet trade in this area, rarely looking very healthy. One of original three has thrived. One added 4/16/15 from Aquarium Shop's Going OOB Sale.", (98) B-2, (99) miku (k: 10), (100) yogi88, (101) gossei (k: 6), who also notes: "Wild caught from GR's trip to Peru in 2008?", (102) JamesStuddart (k: 10), (103) TankTheHoplo (k: 2), who also notes: "Best friends!", (104) FerocactusLatispinus (p: 2, k: 3), who also notes: "R.I.P. Copper. Poor guy was thin when I bought him, and I found him today stuck on the filter intake tube, shockingly emaciated more than usual. Must have had an internal parasite from day one...", "Bruiser and Skinner. R.I.P. Cruiser. Very amiable and active little cats.", (105) technogeek (k: 3), (106) elephant, (107) KillieOrCory (k: 8), who also notes: "Bred 10 September 2012", (108) andersonpe, (109) andyC, (110) miguel mitchel, (111) Walkie-TalkieCatfish (k: 2), (112) jac (k: 30), (113) JamieDurrant (k: 15), who also notes: "6 wild caught, the rest captive bred.", (114) mrsjdean, (115) Apostolis (k: 10), (116) guppy09, (117) uaru (k: 4), (118) unstoppablejayd, (119) jodilynn, (120) TDMG82, (121) steveh28 (k: 6), (122) keig0006 (k: 2), (123) duxallinarow, (124) rmc (k: 4), (125) cjdesmit (k: 5), (126) Joost (k: 10), (127) mace, (128) Lars Jamne (k: 5), (129) schant (k: 7), (130) mani29 (k: 4), (131) Sean B, (132) emacartoon, (133) daniel60 (k: 20), (134) Ozboy (k: 15), (135) parrot1974 (k: 6), who also notes: "Bought male (smaller and slightly darker) before adding three more, 2 suspected females - bigger and lighter. He frolicked around them when they were introduced.", (136) kvnbyl (k: 12), (137) JSamuels, (138) xShovelnose, who also notes: "My female died about 5 months ago. may get a replacement soon.... maybe even a "group".", (139) Nabobmob1 (k: 7), who also notes: "Trio will only spawn in a 5 gallon tank?", (140) Dark Rose (k: 5), (141) Herr.Skoglund, (142) SeanL (k: 16), (143) sleepyhead, (144) sushi1980 (p: 2), (145) chewy922, (146) camtang, (147) evojoey, (148) Supercorygirl, (149) Csababá, (150) Mathias (k: 6), (151) secuono (p: 2), (152) Mol_PMB (k: 8), (153) Gandalfdgrey, (154) kwalker, (155) Tamcon83 (k: 7), (156) hovmoller (k: 13), (157) Eggheadfish, (158) Sugeknight, (159) reverendturtle (k: 2), (160) Cory Ben, (161) mcesario, (162) adcc (k: 10), (163) aquaman, (164) Carolus, (165) francoisMtl (k: 4), (166) scandicman (k: 6), (167) miamimeow (k: 2), who also notes: "THEY HAVE GROWN SUBSTANTIALLY. THEY WERE TINY.......", (168) sundaydriveguy, (169) GeirO, (170) marco0raimondo (k: 3), (171) DHarris, (172) FredMotorhead (k: 15), (173) matte s, (174) catquariauk, (175) TheNativeAquarist (k: 2), (176) Valk176, (177) protopterus, (178) Nadiboy, (179) Topuff (k: 4), who also notes: "First three fish in the tank and so far so good! Will add four more next weekend when stock comes in. There are amazing to watch!", (180) Electrocat, (181) CoryCats655 (k: 7), who also notes: "I just got these little guys today since Wet Pets had a huge sale on their stock. They are very small, but I'm confident they'll do OK.", (182) jmw975 (k: 11), who also notes: "Tank raised", (183) Piotr (k: 20), (184) chaosfrog142 (k: 6), (185) L-Cait, (186) EthanRuss (k: 3).

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Breeding Reports(1) Nabobmob1 (b: 50), (2) ElTofi (b: 49), (3) parrot1974 (b: 49), (4) Lars Jamne (b: 47), (5) Carp37 (b: 39), (6) Mathias (b: 12).
Articles
Article - CotM 2004 January
Article - Shane's World Reproduction Breeding Brochis splendens
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Last Update2017 Oct 30 13:49 (species record created: 2001 Apr 21 00:00)