Cat-eLog Right Arrow Clariidae Right Arrow Clarias

  • Clarias meladerma
  • Clarias meladerma
  • Clarias meladerma
Jump to next section Cat-eLog Data Sheet
Scientific Name Clarias meladerma  Bleeker, 1846
Common Name
Type Locality Jakarta [Batavia], Java, Indonesia.
Synonym(s) Clarias melanoderma, Clarias melanosoma, Clarias melasoma
Pronunciation klar ee ass
Etymology Clarias: From the Greek chlaros, meaning lively; in reference to the ability of the fish to live for long periods out of water. 
Jump to next section Species Information
Size 281mm or 11.1" SL. Find near, nearer or same sized spp.
Identification Clarias species are characterized by having an elongated body; a soft rayed dorsal fin extending to, or nearly to, the caudal fin base; a soft rayed anal fin extending from just behind the anus to the caudal fin base; pectoral fins each with a serrated anterior bony spine; head depressed, covered largely by firmly sutured, surface sculptured bony plates forming a protective helmet; four pairs of flagellate barbels (nasals, maxillaries, inner and outer mandibulars); air breathing organs derived from the 2nd and 4th epibranchials within a superbranchial chamber.

Anterior edge of pectoral spine strongly serrated; head length (from tip of snout to extremity of occipital process) 4.0-4.3 times in SL; blackish body
Sexing The genital papilla, which is to the right of the anus as you look at the fish with its head to the left, is elongated and pointed in males while it is round and relatively larger (and larger than the anus) in females. In ventral view especially, females are much broader in the body than males of equal age and rearing practices.
General Remarks Fishbae lists 34 cm TL.
Jump to next section Habitat Information
Distribution Asia: Mekong to Indonesia and the Philippines.
Mekong (click on these areas to find other species found there)
Indonesian Waters (click on these areas to find other species found there)

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IUCN Red List Status Least Concern
Jump to next section Husbandry Information
Suggested Tankmates Large cyprinids (silver sharks, tinfoil or spanner barbs for example) or Central American cichlids.
Breeding Unreported.
Breeding Reports There is no breeding report.
Jump to next section Further Information
References Natuur. Geneesk. Arch. Neerl.-Ind.v. 3 (no. 2) - pp178, 288
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Last Update 2006 Jul 28 08:01 (species record created: 2006 Dec 24 07:28)