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  • Hypostomus sculpodon
Jump to next section Cat-eLog Data Sheet
Scientific Name Hypostomus sculpodon  Armbruster, 2003
Common Name
Type Locality Piedra Carguana, 1°58.611N, 66°32.359'W, Depto. Río Negro, Río Negro drainage, Ríp Casiquiare, Amazonas, Venezuela.
Pronunciation hi POSS tow muss - skull poe don
Etymology Greek, hypo = under + Greek, stoma = mouth. The specific epithet is from the Latin, sculpo, meaning to carve, cut, grave, or chisel in stone, brass, or wood and from the Greek, odon, for tooth in reference to the ability of the species to chisel wood with the teeth.
Jump to next section Species Information
Size 240mm or 9.4" SL. Find near, nearer or same sized spp.
Identification Distinguished from all other members of the Hypostomus cochliodon group except H. hemicochliodon by having a buccal papilla and intermediately developed teeth (juveniles of H. cochliodon and H. taphorni occasionally also have intermediate teeth). Differs from H. hemicochliodon by having brownish-red coloration with widely spaced spots vs. dark brown with closely spaced spots, by having a smaller dorsal-anal length to anal-fin length ratio (average=79.2%, 69.6-89.7% vs. average=111.1%, 92.5-132.6%) and almost completely by having a smaller interorbital width/HL ratio (average=51.4%, 38.5-45.4% vs. average=49.9%, 44.1-55.6%) [Ed note: There is no way to get an average of 51.4 from a range of 38.5-45.4, so the more likely number is 41.4%]
Jump to next section Habitat Information
Distribution South America: Upper Rio Negro and upper Rio Orinoco basins in Venezuela.
Amazon, Middle Amazon (Solimoes), Negro, Upper Negro (click on these areas to find other species found there)
Orinoco, Upper Orinoco (click on these areas to find other species found there)

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Jump to next section Husbandry Information
Breeding Unreported.
Breeding Reports There is no breeding report.
Jump to next section Further Information
Reference Zootaxa No. 249, pp 49, Fig. 21.
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Last Update 2019 Oct 05 03:25 (species record created: 2004 Aug 07 00:00)