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Down arrow Cat-eLog Data Sheet
Scientific Name Hisonotus leucofrenatus  (Miranda Ribeiro, 1908)
Common Name Niger Oto
Type Locality Rio das Pedras of Rio Ribeira, Brazil.
Synonym(s) Microlepidogaster leucofrenata, Otocinclus leucofrenatus
Pronunciation hi sow note uss - look oh FREN ah tuss
Etymology (Greek)Isos=equal + (Greek)noton=back. 
Articles
Article Link - CotM 2004 December
Down arrow Species Information
Size 55mm or 2.2" SL. Find near, nearer or same sized spp.
Identification A non-descript species with an attractive if low key horizontally striped and mottled patterning.
Sexing Females are larger, broader across the pectoral to dorsal area and slightly duller in colouration.
General Remarks Lives sympatrically with Parotocinclus maculicauda.
Down arrow Habitat Information
Distribution Brazil: Sao Paulo State
Sao Paulo State Rivers (click on these areas to find other species found there)

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IUCN Red List Category Not Evaluated
pH 6.4 - 7.4
Temperature 20.0-24.0°C or 68-75.2°F (Show species within this range)
Other Parameters Prefers slightly cooler water.
Down arrow Husbandry Information
Feeding These fish appear to be predominantly herbivorous and will readily feed from a wide array of aquarium fare. Algae discs can make up a good portion of their diet, supplemented with any number of additional prepared flake or pellet foods.
Furniture Really does best in a planted aquarium, other cover is not necessary although the fish has at least a passing affinity with rounded peebles.
Compatibility Peaceful.
Suggested Tankmates Most small community fishes that prefer a little current and temperatures on the lower side.
Breeding These fish are egg scatterers, breeding in a fashion much like a member of the callicthyid genus Corydoras. See CotM article link below for more details.
Breeding Reports There are 2 breeding reports, read them all here.
Down arrow Further Information
Reference Kosmos, Rio de Janeiro [Rev. Art. Sci. Litt.] v. 5 (no. 2) (for 1907), pp [2].
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There are 6 records of this fish being seen, view them all.
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Last Update 2020 Jul 31 06:36 (species record created: 2004 Nov 11 00:00)