|Cat-eLog Data Sheet|
|Scientific Name||Uegitglanis zammaranoi Gianferrari, 1923|
|Type Locality||Pool in Uegit, El Uegit, Somalia.|
|Etymology||Eugit, a village in Southern Somalia and glanis, Greek for Catfish. In honour of the collector, an Italian army officer, Major Vittorio Tedesco Zammarano, who collected the first specimens.|
|Size||225mm or 8.9" SL. Find near, nearer or same sized spp.|
|Identification||The absense of eyes,pigment and air-breathing structure all related to living in a cave-dwelling lifestyle sets this fish apart from most other clariids|
|Sexing||The genital papilla, which is right below the anus, is elongated and pointy in males while it is round and relatively larger (and larger than the anus) in females. In ventral view especially, females are much broader in the body than males of equal age and rearing practices.|
|General Remarks||Four collection points are known, quite distant from one another(about 130 km between Manas and Siggia) suggest the species habitat is a wide and continuous underground hydrographic system, with tunnels, fissures and cavities.|
|Distribution||Africa: Subterranean waters of a vast plateau of Southern Somalia between the Juba and Webi Shebeli, the two main rivers of the region.
African Waters, Uebi Shebeli (click on these areas to find other species found there)
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|IUCN Red List Status||Vulnerable|
|Other Parameters||In the wild the physio-chemical features of the waters inhabited by the species show a wide variability, differences in water composition is clearly tolerated.|
|Feeding||Stenasellus pardii, a stygobitic isopod is thought to be the principal resource for wild fish.|
|Breeding||Unreported. In the wild, reproduction is thought to occur between January and March, a period characterized by a hot dry climate, females with well developed ovaries were collected only in March from a well in Manas.|
|Breeding Reports||There is no breeding report.|
|References||Atti Soc. Ital. Sci. Nat. Milanov. 62 - pp1 - Pl. 1 Eleonora Trajano, Maria Elina Bichuette, B.G. Kapoor, Biology of Subterranean Fishes, Science Publishers (2010).|
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|Last Update||2011 Aug 20 04:47 (species record created: 2006 Dec 25 16:57)|