Cat-eLog Right Arrow Amphiliidae Right Arrow Amphiliinae Right Arrow Amphilius

Jump to next section Cat-eLog Data Sheet
Scientific Name Amphilius uranoscopus  (Pfeffer, 1889)
Common Names Stargazer Mountain Catfish
Gewone Bergbaber (South Africa), Stjernekiggermalle (Denmark)
Type Locality Ushonda and Monda, upper ranges of Wami R., Tanzania.
Synonym(s) Amphilius grandis
Pronunciation ahm FILL ee us
Etymology Amphilius: Not clear; probably from the Greek amphi, meaning both sides and leios, meaning smooth. 
Jump to next section Species Information
Size 160mm or 6.3" SL. Find near, nearer or same sized spp.
Identification Most amphiliid species are found in fast-flowing water of clear, rocky streams at high elevations or rapids of large lowland rivers (Berra 2001; Roberts 2003).basins (Seegers et al. 2003). Species of Amphilius are adapted for fast flow and rocky habitats (Skelton 1986). Morphological adaptations for these habitats include expanded pectoral and pelvic fins with a thickened first ray, depressed body, dorsally directed eyes and reduced swim bladder (Skelton 1986; Walsh et al. 2000). The large pelvic fins form, in conjunction with the body, a feeble sucking disc that enables the fish to cling to rocks (Jackson 1961b).
Jump to next section Habitat Information
Distribution Africa: Widespread in central and east Africa. Known from the Tana River, Kenya to Pongolo River, Natal. Also known from the Okavango, Zambezi systems, and east coast rivers south to the Mkuze system in northern Natal.
African Waters, Zambesi, Upper Zambesi (click on these areas to find other species found there)
African Waters, Okavango (click on these areas to find other species found there)
African Waters, Maputo, Pongolo (click on these areas to find other species found there)
African Waters, Mkuze (click on these areas to find other species found there)
African Waters, Tana (click on these areas to find other species found there)

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IUCN Red List Status Least Concern
Temperature 20.0-25.0°C or 68-77°F (Show species within this range)
Jump to next section Husbandry Information
Feeding Feeds mainly on insects and small organisms from the substrate.
Furniture Rocky substrate is the natural habitat. Flowing water.
Breeding Unreported.
Breeding Reports There is no breeding report.
Jump to next section Further Information
Reference Jahrbuch der Hamburgischen Wissenschaftlichen Anstalten v. 6 (art. 4), pp 16.
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Last Update 2019 Oct 07 14:49 (species record created: 2005 Jun 19 00:00)