Cat-eLog Right Arrow Horabagridae Right Arrow Horabagrus

Jump to next section Cat-eLog Data Sheet
Scientific NameHorabagrus brachysoma  (Günther, 1864)
Common NamesEclipse Catfish
Bullseye Catfish, Mondfinsternis-Stachelwels (Germany), Solar Catfish, Sun Catfish
Type LocalityCochinchine [? s. Vietnam].
Synonym(s)Horabagrus melanosoma, Pseudobagrus brachysoma
PronunciationHOE ra BAG russ - brack ee SO mah
EtymologyHorabagrus: Named after SL Hora, the Indian ichthyologist, and bagrus, the name of a catfish genus frequently used to form generic names. 
Jump to next section Species Information
Size 450mm or 17.7" SL. Find near, nearer or same sized spp.
IdentificationYoung fish are similar to H. nigricollaris particularly if unsettled. In H. nigricollaris the black collar stripe extends from mid-body around to the top of the fishes head, whereas in H. brachysoma it remains a distinct spot. Baensch reports the maximum length as 130mm. Imports have been recorded larger than this size and the maximum size given elsewhere in hobby literature is 450mm.
SexingFemales can be identified by their big, soft and distended belly with a swollen and reddish-pink vent and males by their reddish genital opening.
Jump to next section Habitat Information
DistributionKerala and Karnataka, Southern India
Indian waters, Kerala State Waters (click on these areas to find other species found there)
Indian waters, Maharashtra State Waters (click on these areas to find other species found there)
Indian waters, Karnataka State Waters (click on these areas to find other species found there)
Indian waters, Western Ghats Waters (click on these areas to find other species found there)
Show it on a map (Click the map-icon to show/hide map of species distribution)
IUCN Red List StatusVulnerable
pH6.0 - 7.5
Temperature23.0-25.0°C or 73.4-77°F (Show species within this range)
Jump to next section Husbandry Information
FeedingAn easy fish to feed. All prepared and frozen foods are greedily taken.
FurnitureA light shy catfish which will only be venture forth during the day in dimly lit tanks. Caves (or lots of plants for smaller individuals) are required.
CompatibilityPeaceful with other and it's own species. Not to be trusted with smaller fish though.
BreedingUnknown.
Jump to next section Further Information
ReferencesCat. Fishes v. 5 - pp86
Registered Keepers(1) natefrog, (2) biggestmike, (3) Daniel Machado, (4) Silurus, (5) gage, (6) Freakdaddy (k: 4), (7) fishie650, (8) kntrygrl4lyfe, (9) Greer, (10) Kjlossman, (11) Nikita, who also notes: "Kept in a 72 x 24 x 24 aquarium (at the mo), black sand substrate, mopani and bog wood for hidey-holes. Kept with cory cats, a syno, a pearl cat, plecs and large barbs. Called George. Currently 11" TL and growing slowly.", (12) LindsayB, (13) Occellatus, (14) icekiki, (15) orspearo666, who also notes: "rescued it from a lady who bought the tank it was housed in. 9.5 inches long", (16) RedTail Cat, (17) Argentum (k: 3), (18) Tim D, (19) alderfish (k: 3), (20) Plunt, (21) Guanlong_wucaii, (22) San, (23) SalmonAfrica, (24) blurock (k: 2), who also notes: "8" and 3"", (25) Moosipher, (26) GixxerBabe, (27) tezr (k: 2), (28) zedogz, (29) doesdavid, (30) Moomoo, (31) ahodge84 (k: 2), (32) willis30, (33) carolynkline, (34) SoCalDiscus, (35) pickles4601 (p: 2), (36) phenix, (37) Hoyo12, (38) jessey (k: 2), (39) Greggyfest (k: 2), (40) PangasiusSutchi37 (k: 3), (41) 0210Miyo, (42) Shovelnose, who also notes: "Collected from the Chalakuddy River in Kerala. ", (43) Viktor Jarikov, who also notes: "Burmese sun catfish? Sold as Eclipse Catfish. Used to be somewhat active, with bigger fish present started to hide a lot. Good eater. Hides in plants too at various levels.", (44) rodrigd2, (45) drplec (k: 2), (46) steve_ansell1, (47) nature_lover, (48) highoctane500 (k: 4), (49) Bimmerboy12 (k: 10), (50) Bisclavret, (51) shivamotiram, (52) andy.cole94, (53) slayer5590 (k: 5), who also notes: "Picked up 3 short bodied pcs on 01/23/2014 from petsmart.", (54) arapaimag (k: 4), (55) Seagirt, who also notes: "He swims with the other cat and all the koi.", (56) minipol (k: 6), (57) knifegill, (58) bigamefish, (59) MrGT500, (60) CDM, (61) henward, (62) Gunna623 (k: 2), who also notes: "2 of my favorite fish. I never get to see either eat. And although approaching a year of ownership I havent noticed much growth.", (63) jtpleco, who also notes: "Bought a 3 incher for a 20G with the maximum size stated to be 6 inches. Figures afterwards I learn it grows to 3 times that. It is already 7 inches and has eaten a combined total of 1 foot of its tankmates. It ate one loach, four zebra danios, ten juvenile mystery snails, and possibly a 1" upside down catfish. It is now the sole inhabitant of a 20G aquarium. I plan to put a 4" common pleco with him to keep the algae from taking over the tank. The fish absolutely will not tolerate any light. It remains in its PVC pipe until the lights have been out at least ten minutes. Whenever this is removed for cleaning, the skin pales to a pinkish color. Tolerates virtually every tank condition and survived when the heater malfunctioned and kept the tank at 96 degrees Fahrenheit. The tank is currently at a normal 78 degrees.", (64) CatfishPownage63 (k: 2), (65) Chiroptera, (66) thereverendturtle (k: 6), (67) Walkie-TalkieCatfish, (68) in_the_seance (k: 3), (69) linuxrulesusa (k: 2), (70) Dudders, (71) TDMG82, (72) drako57, (73) booitsme3109, (74) wwajfd, (75) jmtjoy, (76) thecameraguy, (77) xShovelnose, who also notes: "- Purchased for $30 -Purchased alongside My Florida Gar -Hides in rock cavern. -used to never come out but has lately became a regular thing for him and since 2 weeks ago he ALWAYS comes out for feeding!", (78) festaedan, (79) Sean B, (80) greenterror66, (81) ad88, (82) Nolapete (k: 5), who also notes: "Seems that the leopard achara catfish were stunting these guys. They have gained some size recently.", (83) Brett1998, (84) CowBoYReX, (85) justarn, (86) Fishkeeperneo, (87) Altifrons, (88) reverendturtle (k: 5), (89) MEGADETH1111, (90) TheFishGuy, (91) Dice1790, (92) Cecibella (k: 2), (93) dopey66.

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Breeding ReportsNone.
Articles
Article - CotM 2012 November
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Last Update2014 Nov 07 07:46 (species record created: 2001 Apr 17 00:00)