Cat-eLog Right Arrow Loricariidae Right Arrow Hypostominae Right Arrow Leporacanthicus

Jump to next section Cat-eLog Data Sheet
Scientific Name Leporacanthicus heterodon  Isbrücker & Nijssen, 1989
Common Names Golden Vampire Pleco
Gylden Vampyrsugemalle (Denmark), Heterodon Harnischwels (Germany)
Type Locality Cachoeira von Martius, upper Rio Xingú, Mato Grosso State, Brazil.
Pronunciation lepor ah KAN thi cuss
Etymology Latin, lepus, leporis = rabbit + Greek, akantha = thorn. 
Jump to next section Species Information
Size 170mm or 6.7" SL. Find near, nearer or same sized spp.
Identification All Leporacanthicus spp. have a small backwards facing slightly proud blunt thorn-like plate on top of their heads.
Sexing Adult males have a much longer and broader head with small odontodes on the sides of head, more odontodes on pectoral fin spine and on the whole body, a bigger dorsal fin and normally a prettier colouration.
Jump to next section Habitat Information
Distribution South America: Xingu River basin.
Amazon, Lower Amazon, Xingu (click on these areas to find other species found there)

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Temperature 26.0-29.0°C or 78.8-84.2°F (Show species within this range)
Jump to next section Husbandry Information
Feeding Not a true vegetarian so a wide variety of foods, including algae wafers, cucumber or courgette (zucchini), frozen bloodworm, prawns, shrimps and tablet food. Shelled crustaceans or mollusks appear favourite foods but should be fed sparingly or used for conditioning.
Furniture Prefers bogwood and darker rocks.
Compatibility Gets on with small lively catfish but avoid too many other larger bottom dwellers (unless space permits) due to the territorial disputes.
Suggested Tankmates Most small to medium community fish. Tetras and South American cichlids are ideal, unless you really go for it when providing a strong water current.
Breeding Documented in the DATZ special issue ''Loricariids 2'' , September 2001.
Breeding Reports There are 2 breeding reports, read them all here.
Jump to next section Further Information
Reference Die Aquarien- und Terrarienzeitschrift (DATZ) v. 42 (no. 9), pp 547, Figs. 12, 18-19.
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Last Update 2019 Oct 31 14:36 (species record created: 2001 Apr 25 00:00)