|Cat-eLog Data Sheet|
|Scientific Name||Scoloplax baskini Rocha, de Oliveira & Rapp Py-Daniel, 2008|
|Type Locality||Nova Aripuanã, rio Aripuanã, igarapé Palhalzinho, 5°59'32.3''S, 60°12'35''W, Amazonas State, Brazil.|
|Pronunciation||SKOW low plax|
|Etymology||Scoloplax: From the Greek skolos, meaning thorn and plax, meaning plate; in reference to the moveable dermal bone on top of snout (rostral plate) that is studded with large integumentary teeth. Species name in honor of Jonathan Baskin for his significant contributions to Neotropical ichthyology including the description of the genus Scoloplax.|
|Size||16mm or 0.6" SL. Find near, nearer or same sized spp.|
|Identification||Species of the neotropical family Scoloplacidae are distinguished from other Siluriformes by the presence of a conspicuous shield-shaped rostral plate bearing numerous large and recurved odontodes. Scoloplacidae is a monogeneric family endemic to South America and known from the Amazon, Paraguay, and Parana basins. The worlds smallest known catfish are from this genus, the smallest is most likely S. dolicholophia.
From the original description:Body overall brownish, more pigmented laterally with wide longitudinal dark brown stripe along lower region of trunk from pectoral to caudal fin. Mid-ventral plate series less pigmented. Dorsal part of body pale except for three narrow dark saddles. First saddle faint, at dorsal fin origin; other two saddles darker and evenly spaced between dorsal and caudal fins. Ventral portion of body pale, creamcolored, sometimes with dark pigment concentrated along lateral edges and more diffuse pigment across abdomen. Dorsal fin darkly pigmented along base and hyaline distally. Pectoral fin largely hyaline except for dark spots clustered in spear-like submarginal band. Pelvic fin largely hyaline except for faint dark submarginal band. Anal fin with two thin dark transverse bands, one near base and the other near mid-length. Base of caudal fin with dark brown spot extending anteriorly onto caudal peduncle. Remaining caudal fin hyaline except for dark pigment forming blotchy subterminal distal band.
|Sexing||Larger male specimens with large, fleshy tissue at ventral opening. Females without tissue sack.|
|Distribution||Small clearwater tributaries of the middle part of rio Aripuanã.
Amazon, Middle Amazon (Solimoes), Madeira, Aripuanã (click on these areas to find other species found there)
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|Furniture||In the wild found among leaf litter.|
|Breeding Reports||There is no breeding report.|
|Reference||Neotropical Ichthyology v. 6 (no. 3), pp 324, Figs. 1-3, 4c, 5.|
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|Last Update||2019 Oct 09 09:34 (species record created: 2008 Dec 19 07:24)|