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Down Cat-eLog Data Sheet
Scientific Name Bunocephalus coracoideus  (Cope, 1874)
Common Names Banjo Catfish
Banjo Cat, Guitarrita, Tofarvet Stegepandemalle (Denmark), Zweifarbiger Bratpfannenwels (Germany)
Type Locality Nauta, Peru
Type Locality Notes Type locality inferred from location of Nauta (referenced 2021).
Synonym(s) Bunocephalus bicolor, Dysichthys bicolor, Dysichthys coracoideus
Pronunciation boon oh SEFF ah luss
Etymology Bunocephalus: From the Greek bounos, meaning hill and kephale, meaning head; in reference to the bumps on the head of the fish, which is particularly marked in some species. 
Article Link - CotM Right 1997 Right June
Article Link - Shane's World Right Reproduction Right Breeding the banjo catfish, Bunocephalus coracoideus
Down Species Information
Size 110mm or 4.3" SL. Find near, nearer or same sized spp.
Identification The most commonly encountered Banjo Catfish for sale.
Sexing Mature females are larger and deeper bodied than males.
Down Habitat Information
Distribution South America: Amazon River basin.
Amazon (click on these areas to find other species found there)

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IUCN Red List Category Least Concern, range map and more is available on the IUCN species page. Last assessed 2020.
pH 5.8 - 7.8
Temperature 20.0-27.0°C or 68-80.6°F (Show species within this range)
Other Parameters Hardness between 2 and 20°dGH.
Down Husbandry Information
Feeding Most prepared food that finds its way to the substrate, bloodworm and sinking catfish pellets are best. User data.
Furniture Preferably river sand although the fish is equally happy under a flat rock elevated about ½ an inch above the substrate. In nature the fish can be found buried, sometimes several inches deep, in the leaf litter commonly found at the bottom of forest streams.
Compatibility Peaceful. Can be kept singly or in groups given adequate refuge for each individual. Young fish like to hide vertically in bushy plants. Older fish will burrow in sand or fine, rounded gravel as well as under stones or bogwood.
Suggested Tankmates Any community fish.
Breeding Adult fish are mature at 4½'', a deep tank is not necessary. Spawning occurs at night. Several batches of eggs are serially deposited in an egg-scattering fashion and should be removed to a secure net or container. These hatch within 3 days. Another report suggests that over 4000-5000 eggs are laid in several spawnings of a night and that the fish spawn in groups, although the ratio of males to females required is not clear. The fry should be fed small live foods, and then as they grow tubifex worms and eventually catfish tablets.
Breeding Reports There are 3 breeding reports, read them all here.
Down Further Information
Reference Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 26, pp 133
Registered Keepers There are 239 registered keepers, view all "my cats" data.
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There are 46 records of this fish being seen, view them all.
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Last Update 2021 May 27 09:05 (species record created: 2001 Apr 13 00:00)