Cat-eLog Right Arrow Aspredinidae Right Arrow Aspredininae Right Arrow Bunocephalus

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Scientific Name Bunocephalus coracoideus  (Cope, 1874)
Common Names Banjo Catfish
Banjo Cat, Guitarrita, Tofarvet Stegepandemalle (Denmark), Zweifarbiger Bratpfannenwels (Germany)
Type Locality Nauta, Peru
Synonym(s) Bunocephalus bicolor, Dysichthys bicolor, Dysichthys coracoideus
Pronunciation boon oh SEFF ah luss
Etymology Bunocephalus: From the Greek bounos, meaning hill and kephale, meaning head; in reference to the bumps on the head of the fish, which is particularly marked in some species. 
Article - CotM 1997 June
Article - Shane's World Reproduction Breeding the banjo catfish, Bunocephalus coracoideus
Jump to next section Species Information
Size 150mm or 5.9" SL. Find near, nearer or same sized spp.
Identification The most commonly encountered Banjo Catfish for sale.
Sexing Mature females are larger and deeper bodied than males.
Jump to next section Habitat Information
Distribution South America: Amazon Basin
Amazon (click on these areas to find other species found there)

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IUCN Red List Status Least Concern
pH 5.8 - 7.8
Temperature 20.0-27.0°C or 68-80.6°F (Show species within this range)
Other Parameters Hardness between 2 and 20°dGH.
Jump to next section Husbandry Information
Feeding Most prepared food that finds its way to the substrate, bloodworm and sinking catfish pellets are best.
Furniture Preferably river sand although the fish is equally happy under a flat rock elevated about ½ an inch above the substrate. In nature the fish can be found buried, sometimes several inches deep, in the leaf litter commonly found at the bottom of forest streams.
Compatibility Peaceful. Can be kept singly or in groups given adequate refuge for each individual. Young fish like to hide vertically in bushy plants. Older fish will burrow in sand or fine, rounded gravel as well as under stones or bogwood.
Suggested Tankmates Any community fish.
Breeding Adult fish are mature at 4½'', a deep tank is not necessary. Spawning occurs at night. Several batches of eggs are serially deposited in an egg-scattering fashion and should be removed to a secure net or container. These hatch within 3 days. Another report suggests that over 4000-5000 eggs are laid in several spawnings of a night and that the fish spawn in groups, although the ratio of males to females required is not clear. The fry should be fed small live foods, and then as they grow tubifex worms and eventually catfish tablets.
Breeding Reports There are 3 breeding reports, read them all here.
Jump to next section Further Information
Reference Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 26, pp 133
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Last Update 2017 Jan 06 01:29 (species record created: 2001 Apr 13 00:00)