Cat-eLog Right Arrow Amphiliidae Right Arrow Amphiliinae Right Arrow Amphilius

Jump to next section Cat-eLog Data Sheet
Scientific NameAmphilius opisthophthalmus  Boulenger, 1919
Common Name
Type LocalityOshwe, Lake Leopold II [Mai-Ndombe Lake], Democratic Republic of Congo.
Pronunciationahm FILL ee us
EtymologyAmphilius: Not clear; probably from the Greek amphi, meaning both sides and leios, meaning smooth. 
Jump to next section Species Information
Size 70mm or 2.8" SL. Find near, nearer or same sized spp.
IdentificationMost amphiliid species are found in fast-flowing water of clear, rocky streams at high elevations or rapids of large lowland rivers (Berra 2001; Roberts 2003).basins (Seegers et al. 2003). Species of Amphilius are adapted for fast flow and rocky habitats (Skelton 1986). Morphological adaptations for these habitats include expanded pectoral and pelvic fins with a thickened first ray, depressed body, dorsally directed eyes and reduced swim bladder (Skelton 1986; Walsh et al. 2000). The large pelvic fins form, in conjunction with the body, a feeble sucking disc that enables the fish to cling to rocks (Jackson 1961b).
Jump to next section Habitat Information
DistributionAfrica: Oshwe on the Lukenie River (Lake Mai-Ndombe), Congo system.
African Waters, Congo, Lower Congo, Lekunie (click on these areas to find other species found there)
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IUCN Red List StatusData Deficient
Jump to next section Husbandry Information
FeedingThe diet of Amphilius species has been reported to consist predominantly of benthic aquatic insects (Marriott et al. 1997; Skelton 2001; Walsh et al. 2000).
Jump to next section Further Information
ReferencesRevue Zoologique Africaine v. 7 (no. 2)
Registered KeepersNone.
Breeding ReportsNone.
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Last Update2011 Jul 06 13:17 (species record created: 2011 Jan 30 11:54)