Cat-eLog Right Arrow Amphiliidae Right Arrow Amphiliinae Right Arrow Amphilius

Jump to next section Cat-eLog Data Sheet
Scientific Name Amphilius opisthophthalmus  Boulenger, 1919
Common Name
Type Locality Oshwe, Lake Leopold II [Mai-Ndombe Lake], Democratic Republic of Congo.
Pronunciation ahm FILL ee us
Etymology Amphilius: Not clear; probably from the Greek amphi, meaning both sides and leios, meaning smooth. 
Jump to next section Species Information
Size 70mm or 2.8" SL. Find near, nearer or same sized spp.
Identification Most amphiliid species are found in fast-flowing water of clear, rocky streams at high elevations or rapids of large lowland rivers (Berra 2001; Roberts 2003).basins (Seegers et al. 2003). Species of Amphilius are adapted for fast flow and rocky habitats (Skelton 1986). Morphological adaptations for these habitats include expanded pectoral and pelvic fins with a thickened first ray, depressed body, dorsally directed eyes and reduced swim bladder (Skelton 1986; Walsh et al. 2000). The large pelvic fins form, in conjunction with the body, a feeble sucking disc that enables the fish to cling to rocks (Jackson 1961b).
Jump to next section Habitat Information
Distribution Africa: Oshwe on the Lukenie River (Lake Mai-Ndombe), Congo system.
African Waters, Congo, Lower Congo, Lekunie (click on these areas to find other species found there)

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IUCN Red List Category Data Deficient, range map and more is available on the IUCN species page. Last assessed 2009.
Jump to next section Husbandry Information
Feeding The diet of Amphilius species has been reported to consist predominantly of benthic aquatic insects (Marriott et al. 1997; Skelton 2001; Walsh et al. 2000).
Breeding Unreported in the aquarium.
Breeding Reports There is no breeding report.
Jump to next section Further Information
Reference Revue de Zoologie Africaine v. 7 (no. 2), pp 159.
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Last Update 2019 Oct 21 09:29 (species record created: 2011 Jan 30 11:54)