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Down Cat-eLog Data Sheet
Scientific Name Ageneiosus magoi  Castillo & Brull G., 1989
Common Names Unicorn Catfish
Duck Catfish, Slopehead Catfish, Stiplet Andemalle (Denmark)
Type Locality Los esteros de Camaguán at kilometer 270, Estado Guárico, Venezuela.
Pronunciation ah genie OH sus - mah go eye
Etymology Ageneiosus, from the Greek a, meaning without and genias, meaning beard in reference to the apparent lack of barbels. In fact, catfish of this genus have very short maxillary barbels that are almost indistinguishable to the human eye. The species is named in honor of Francisco Mago-Leccia (1931-2004), for his contributions to the study and knowledge of Venezuelan fishes, and his valuable work forming a new generation of ichthyologists.
Article Link - CotM Right 2021 Right March
Down Species Information
Size 181mm or 7.1" SL. Find near, nearer or same sized spp.
Identification Ageneiosus differs from other Auchenipteridae, except Tympanopleura, by having: 1, long bony process, narrowing distally on anterolateral border of sphenoid; 2, longitudinal groove on posterior margin of anterior fontanel (also present in Pseudepapterus); 3, dorsal portion of posttemporal-supracleithrum divided into two prominent branches; 4, internal and external processes of epioccipital sutured to parapophyses of fifth and sixth vertebrae; 5, bony process on posteromedial border of first infraorbital bone (also present in Tetranematichthys); 6, anterior or posterior region of second infra-orbital very curved; 7, bony expansion on laterodorsal margin of premaxilla; 8, operculum with spongy ossification; 9, bone projections on posterior extreme of the parurohyal; 10, seventh vertebra not fused to complex vertebrae (also present in Pseudepapterus); 11, well-developed crown of spines in proximal region of anterior margin of dorsal-fin spine of mature males; 12, short maxillary barbel, not extending posteriorly beyond snout (also present in Tetranematichthys); 13, mental barbels absent; 14, bony spines on maxillary barbel of mature males; 15, posterior lobes of testes reduced or absent (also present in Auchenipterus). Ageneiosus differs from Tympanopleura by having: 1, reduced and completely ossified gas bladder in adults, except Ageneiosus pardalis Lütken 1874 (v. large, non-ossified gas bladder during all phases of ontogenetic development); 2, posterior diverticula on the gas bladder absent (v. having paired posterior diverticula on the gas bladder, except T. piperata); 3, epaxial muscles almost completely covering the tympanic region in adults, except A. pardalis (v. tympanic region translucent, not covered by epaxial muscles); 4, dorsal process on the base of pectoral fin weakly developed, loosely articulating with cleithrum (v. dorsal process on the base of pectoral fin well developed, strongly articulating with cleithrum); 5, fenestra on the lateral wall of cleithrum (v. lateral wall of cleithrum completely ossified).

A key to the species of Ageneiosus is located here.

Easily recognized by the black and white pattern, although the pattern itself can differ a lot.
Sexing Like all Auchenipterids, males have a genital papilla. Moreover, sexually active males get an enlarged and slightly curved dorsal spine and thickened barbels, that are used to clasp the female.

After the breeding season, the dorsal spine and the barbels grow back to their normal sizes.
General Remarks Wild caught specimen show some yellow on their body and fins, which disappears after some time in an aquarium. In contradiction to most other Auchenipterids, this species may be very active during the day.
Down Habitat Information
Distribution South America: Orinoco basin.
Orinoco (click on these areas to find other species found there)

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IUCN Red List Category Least Concern, range map and more is available on the IUCN species page. Last assessed 2020.
pH 6.4 - 7.0
Temperature 23.0-30.0°C or 73.4-86°F (Show species within this range)
Down Husbandry Information
Feeding Voracious feeder that will eat anything that fits its mouth. Live fish, large frozen foods and pellets. When feeding live fish choose a proper source. It's best to breed them oneself. Feeding just goldfish is not recommended, as the quality of captive bred goldfish can be poor - which may cause diseases - and it's a very one sided diet. User data.
Furniture Some pieces of driftwood as hiding spots. This species loves to swim against the current, so a large pump is obligatory. Provide lots of swimming space.
Compatibility Will ignore fish that it can't swallow.
Suggested Tankmates Larger catfishes like other Auchenipteridae, Doradidae and Loricariidae. Non-aggressive Characins like Metynnis.
Breeding Unreported in the aquarium.
Breeding Reports There is no breeding report.
Down Further Information
Reference Acta Biologica Venezuelica v. 12 (no. 3-4), pp 73, Figs. 1-3, 5-9.
Registered Keepers There are 6 registered keepers, view all "my cats" data.
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There are 12 records of this fish being seen, view them all.
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Last Update 2022 Jan 13 01:02 (species record created: 2005 Jun 29 00:00)