Pale appearance if given white pipe to hide in
Sperm case found after spawning activity
Sperm case found after spawning activity
From French Guiana
Close-up of head
Lower Rio Tapajós
Habitat: floating grasses, Rio Tapajós
Rio Formoso in Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil
Habitat in Rio Formoso in Mato Grosso do Sul
|Cat-eLog Data Sheet|
|Scientific Name||Trachelyopterus galeatus (Linnaeus, 1766)|
|Common Names||Common Woodcat
Stor Drivtømmermalle (Denmark)
|Type Locality||South America.|
|Synonym(s)||Auchenipterus maculosus, Parauchenipterus galeatus, Parauchenipterus paseae, Pseudauchenipterus galeatus, Silurus galeatus, Trachycorystes galeatus|
|Pronunciation||gal ee ATT uss|
|Etymology||Trachelyopterus: From the Greek, trachelos, meaning neck and pteron, meaning fin; in reference to the long cranial shield, which gives the appearance that the dorsal fin originates at the neck region.|
- CotM 2000 July
|Size||237mm or 9.3" SL. Find near, nearer or same sized spp.|
|Identification||Colouration is key to this fish; it has set out to imitate a piece of wood and certainly succeeds. Youngsters especially are hard to spot and spend most of their time crammed into woody crevices. The pattern and colouration of this fish is very variable. Firstly, amongst individuals as environmental parameters such as water and lighting change. Secondly, in the wild it has a huge distribution range of pretty much most of tropical South America. This gives rise to many regional colour variations.|
|Sexing||Male has a slightly concave anal fin, which is slightly convex in the female. The leading rays of the male's anal fin are fused to form a urinogenital organ used in internal fertilization of the female. This modification of the anal fin does not manifest itself until the fish is at least 75% grown.|
|Distribution||Widely distributed in the Amazon and is found from the Northern tip of South America as far South as tropical Peru and Brazil.
Amazon (click on these areas to find other species found there)
Guyana Waters, Coastal Rivers of Guyanas, Suriname Coastal Rivers, Marowijne, Upper Marowijne, Grand Inini (click on these areas to find other species found there)
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|IUCN Red List Category||Not Evaluated|
|pH||6.0 - 7.5|
|Temperature||20.0-24.0°C or 68-75.2°F (Show species within this range)|
|Other Parameters||Slightly soft water is preferable but in no way vital - this is a hardy fish.|
|Feeding||Most prepared foods are taken. Live or frozen foods will promote fast growth although are not necessary to maintain this fish in good condition. Care should be taken not to feed dry foods which expand after contact with water. This fish is a glutton and will eat all food present; if this subsequently expands inside the fish it may cause internal injury. Presoak these foods before use.|
|Furniture||Juveniles (smaller than 2'') require tangles of bogwood within which to hide. Floating plants or clumps of Java moss are also helpful. Larger fish require a cave each and this is most easily achieved with lengths of black PVC drain pipe.|
|Compatibility||A boisterous fish that likes to throw its weight around but in no way aggressively. Smaller fish are at risk purely because of the fishes large mouth and nocturnal prowling.|
|Suggested Tankmates||A boisterous fish that likes to throw its weight around but in no way aggressively. Smaller fish are at risk purely because of the fishes large mouth and nocturnal prowlings.|
|Breeding||Not recorded in the aquarium. As mentioned before internal fertilization is utilized by this and most other genera in this family of catfish. The male internally produces a jelly-like substance which carries and protects his sperm once it is transferred to the female via the modified anal fin. Females can carry this sperm for up to 4 months before it is actually used in egg-laying. The male is not required and isn't usually present at this time.
Two female fish in a UK Public Aquarium spawned in the absence of a male, producing huge numbers of gelatinous eggs, sufficient to form a layer several eggs thick over a considerable area of the base of a 1000 gallon aquarium. It is assumed that the eggs swell considerably once they have left the body of the female. It would appear that the gelatinous coating provides protection from fungal or bacterial invasion, as in spite of being infertile they took longer than expected to decay.
|Breeding Reports||There is no breeding report.|
|Reference||Systema naturae sive regna tria naturae v. 1 (pt 1), pp 503|
|Registered Keepers||Keeping this species? Why not .
There are 21 registered keepers, view all "my cats" data.
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|Spotters||Spotted this species somewhere? Click the binoculars!
There are 17 records of this fish being seen, view them all.
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|Last Update||2019 Nov 19 14:43 (species record created: 2001 Apr 13 00:00)|