|Cat-eLog Data Sheet|
|Scientific Name||Ameiurus melas (Rafinesque, 1820)|
|Common Names||Black Bullhead
Schwarzer Katzenwels (Germany), Sort Dværgmalle (Denmark), Svart Dvärgmal (Sweden)
|Type Locality||Ohio R., U.S.A.|
|Synonym(s)||Ictalurus melas, Silurus melas|
|Pronunciation||Ai MEE you russ - me lass|
|Etymology||Ameiurus: ''curtailed'' refers to the lack of a deep notch in the caudal fin. melas = black|
|Size||600mm or 23.6" SL. Find near, nearer or same sized spp.|
|Identification||Very similar to the yellow bullhead, for which it can be mistaken for. The main difference is the barbels of the black bullhead which are black.|
|Sexing||Females are fuller during the spawning season which begins mid-spring.|
|Distribution||Central North America from Southern Canada to Northern Mexico. It has been widely introduced elsewhere in the world.
North American Atlantic Drainages, Great Lakes (click on these areas to find other species found there)
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|IUCN Red List Status||Least Concern|
|pH||6.0 - 7.6|
|Temperature||8.0-28.0°C or 46.4-82.4°F (Show species within this range)|
|Other Parameters||Tolerates poor conditions both in the wild and in captivity. Can survive for a limited time with as little as .5 ppm oxygen concentration and in unusually high temperatures.|
|Feeding||Carnivore. Eats just about anything including minnows, goldfish, crayfish, earthworms and the like. They will accept most frozen foods as well as suitably sized dry foods.|
|Furniture||Likes to hide around driftwood and plants. Plants must be sturdy and in pots to prevent being uprooted by the catfish in its search for food.|
|Compatibility||Good with most fish, especially larger cichlids. Do not keep with small fish, it will eat them.|
|Breeding||This fish spawns most frequently during late May and June. Spawning occurs over sand in reed infested back waters. The females excavates a shallow nest by fin-fanning the substrate and pushing it with her snout. Spawning is accomplished in a head-to-tail embrace, the male wrapping his tail over the snout of the female. Typically 2500-4000 eggs are released.|
|Breeding Reports||There is but a single breeding report, read it here.|
|References||Q. J. Sci. Lit. Arts (R. Inst. Gr. Brit.)v. 9 - pp51
A Field Guide To Freshwater Fishes North America
North American Native Fishes for the Home Aquarium
American Aquarium Fishes
|Registered Keepers||Keeping this species? Why not .
There are 33 registered keepers, view all "my cats" data.
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|Spotters||Spotted this species somewhere? Click the binoculars!
There are 4 records of this fish being seen, view them all.
|More on Ameiurus melas|
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|Last Update||2015 Mar 10 13:54 (species record created: 2001 Apr 25 00:00)|