|Cat-eLog Data Sheet|
|Scientific Name||Ameiurus melas (Rafinesque, 1820)|
|Common Names||Black Bullhead
Schwarzer Katzenwels (Germany), Sort Dværgmalle (Denmark), Svart Dvärgmal (Sweden)
|Type Locality||Ohio River, U.S.A.|
|Synonym(s)||Ictalurus melas, Silurus melas|
|Pronunciation||Ai MEE you russ - me lass|
|Etymology||Ameiurus: ''curtailed'' refers to the lack of a deep notch in the caudal fin. melas = black|
|Size||660mm or 26" SL. Find near, nearer or same sized spp.|
|Identification||Very similar to the yellow bullhead, for which it can be mistaken for. The main difference is the barbels of the black bullhead which are black.|
|Sexing||Females are fuller during the spawning season which begins mid-spring.|
|Distribution||North America: Great Lakes to northern Mexico. Confusion over the taxonomic status of this species together with Ameiurus nebulosus resulted in more doubts as to which of the two is present in some countries. In Europe it forms dense stunted populations which makes it unpopular. Several countries report adverse ecological impact after introduction.
North American Atlantic Drainages, Great Lakes (click on these areas to find other species found there)
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|IUCN Red List Category||Least Concern, range map and more is available on the IUCN species page. Last assessed 2011.|
|pH||6.0 - 7.6|
|Temperature||8.0-28.0°C or 46.4-82.4°F (Show species within this range)|
|Other Parameters||Tolerates poor conditions both in the wild and in captivity. Can survive for a limited time with as little as .5 ppm oxygen concentration and in unusually high temperatures.|
|Feeding||Carnivore. Eats just about anything including minnows, goldfish, crayfish, earthworms and the like. They will accept most frozen foods as well as suitably sized dry foods.|
|Furniture||Likes to hide around driftwood and plants. Plants must be sturdy and in pots to prevent being uprooted by the catfish in its search for food.|
|Compatibility||Good with most fish, especially larger cichlids. Do not keep with small fish, it will eat them.|
|Breeding||This fish spawns most frequently during late May and June. Spawning occurs over sand in reed infested back waters. The females excavates a shallow nest by fin-fanning the substrate and pushing it with her snout. Spawning is accomplished in a head-to-tail embrace, the male wrapping his tail over the snout of the female. Typically 2500-4000 eggs are released.|
|Breeding Reports||There is but a single breeding report, read it here.|
|Reference||Quarterly Journal of Science, Literature and the Arts v. 9, pp 51.|
|Registered Keepers||Keeping this species? Why not .
There are 34 registered keepers, view all "my cats" data.
|Wishlists||Love this species? Click the heart to add it to your wish list.
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|Spotters||Spotted this species somewhere? Click the binoculars!
There are 5 records of this fish being seen, view them all.
|More on Ameiurus melas|
|Look up Ameiurus melas on AquaticRepublic.com|
|Look up Ameiurus melas on Fishbase|
|Look up Ameiurus melas on Encyclopedia of Life|
|Look up Ameiurus melas on Global Biodiversity Information Facility|
|LFS label creator.|
|Last Update||2020 Oct 25 01:00 (species record created: 2001 Apr 25 00:00)|