|Cat-eLog Data Sheet|
|Scientific Name||Lithodoras dorsalis (Valenciennes, 1840)|
|Type Locality||America [Brazil] and ?Cayenne, French Guiana.|
|Synonym(s)||Doras dorsalis, Doras papillionatus, Megalodoras pauciquamatus|
|Etymology||Lithodoras: From the Greek lithos, meaning rock, and doras, meaning skin (also a word commonly used in forming generic names for doradids); in reference to the heavily-armored body.|
|Size||600mm or 23.6" SL. Find near, nearer or same sized spp.|
|Identification||Body elongated, without scales, almost covered with bony plaque, ventrally flattened in adults. Terminal mouth has three pairs of barbels. Lower jaw is shorter than the upper jaw. Eyes small.|
|General Remarks||The size given is based on a dried specimen the author encountered in South America, the fish may well attain larger sizes.|
|Distribution||Amazon River basin and estuary near Cayenne: Brazil and French Guiana.
Amazon (click on these areas to find other species found there)
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|Feeding||Feeds on fruits when the forests are flooded and on the blades of macrophytes. Acts as seed dispersal agent.|
|Breeding||Unreported. Reproduction occurs once a year and juveniles are often seen in large numbers in the estuary of the Amazon, in the region of Mario.|
|Breeding Reports||There is no breeding report.|
|Reference||Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 15 pp284 .|
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|More on Lithodoras dorsalis|
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|Last Update||2013 Feb 10 16:02 (species record created: 2001 Apr 28 00:00)|