|Cat-eLog Data Sheet|
|Scientific Name||Hypostomus plecostomus (Linnaeus, 1758)|
Almindelig Sugemalle (Denmark), Saugmaulwels (Germany)
|Type Locality||Suriname River.|
|Synonym(s)||Acipenser plecostomus, Hypostomus guacari, Loricaria flava, Plecostomus bicirrosus, Plecostomus brasiliensis, Plecostomus plecostomus|
|Pronunciation||hi POSS tow muss - PLEK oss toe mus|
|Etymology||Greek, hypo = under + Greek, stoma = mouth. pleco = sucker, stomus = mouth.|
|Size||300mm or 11.8" SL. Find near, nearer or same sized spp.|
|Identification||Due to the number of species in the genus, identification is very difficult without exact provenance of the specimen. Most ''common plecos'' are now exported from Peru and Brazil. Photos of the real H. plecostomus are common in aquarium literature from the 1960s and 70s when ''common plecos'' were exported from Venezuela, Suriname, and the Guyanas.|
|Sexing||Large adult males possess thickened pectoral fins that turn reddish pink. Gravid adult females appear thicker when viewed from above.|
|Distribution||Throughout northern South America and Trinidad. Also found throughout the Orinoco basin, although some authors believe that Orinoco specimens may represent a different species. The photographs above are all of H. plecostomus from the Orinoco basin. Weber (2003) restricted distribution to coastal drainages of the Guianas.
Orinoco (click on these areas to find other species found there)
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|pH||6.5 - 8.0|
|Temperature||20.0-30.0°C or 68-86°F (Show species within this range)|
|Other Parameters||In nature, this fish is common in slower portions of larger rivers. It inhabits nearly every environment from riffles, the river banks, and driftwood snags.|
|Feeding||A true omnivore that will eat anything. The diet should be primarily vegetarian.|
|Furniture||Ideally a large tank with driftwood and a few caves. Substrate is unimportant.|
|Compatibility||Larger specimens can be territorial, but they rarely cause damage to tankmates. Smaller fishes are ignored.|
|Suggested Tankmates||Keep with medium to large sized community fishes or most American cichlids.|
|Breeding||Probably never accomplished. They normally spawn in holes in the river bank, but I have also captured this species in mountain rivers and ponds that did not have earthen banks. In these habitats it must spawn in caves formed by rocks and/or driftwood.|
|Breeding Reports||There are 2 breeding reports, read them all here.|
|Reference||Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1, pp 238.|
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|Spotters||Spotted this species somewhere? Click the binoculars!
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|More on Hypostomus plecostomus|
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|Last Update||2019 Oct 31 14:39 (species record created: 2001 May 05 00:00)|