|Cat-eLog Data Sheet|
|Scientific Name||Clarias serniosus Ng & Kottelat, 2014|
|Type Locality||Champasak Province, Bolavens Plateau, Houay Slarm near Ban Pha Nouandong, a tributary of Houay Xoy, itself a tributary of Xe Pian, 15°02'34''N, 106°21'53''E, Laos, elevation 985 meters.|
|Pronunciation||klar ee ass|
|Etymology||Clarias: From the Greek chlaros, meaning lively; in reference to the ability of the fish to live for long periods out of water. The specific epithet is the Latin adjective, seniosus, meaning covered with an eruption or scabby, in allusion to the colour pattern of small, irregular dark patches.|
|Identification||Clarias species are characterized by having an elongated body; a soft rayed dorsal fin extending to, or nearly to, the caudal fin base; a soft rayed anal fin extending from just behind the anus to the caudal fin base; pectoral fins each with a serrated anterior bony spine; head depressed, covered largely by firmly sutured, surface sculptured bony plates forming a protective helmet; four pairs of flagellate barbels (nasals, maxillaries, inner and outer mandibulars); air breathing organs derived from the 2nd and 4th epibranchials within a superbranchial chamber.|
|Sexing||The genital papilla, which is to the right of the anus as you look at the fish with its head to the left, is elongated and pointed in males while it is round and relatively larger (and larger than the anus) in females. In ventral view especially, females are much broader in the body than males of equal age and rearing practices.|
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|Suggested Tankmates||Large cyprinids (silver sharks, tinfoil or spanner barbs for example) or Central American cichlids.|
|Breeding Reports||There is no breeding report.|
|References||Zootaxa 3884 (no. 5), pp 438, Fig. 1.|
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|Last Update||2018 Oct 13 05:49 (species record created: 2015 Feb 23 16:04)|