Cat-eLog Right Arrow Loricariidae Right Arrow Hypostominae Right Arrow Panaque

Jump to next section Cat-eLog Data Sheet
Scientific NamePanaque sp. (L191)   
Common NamesL191, Dull Eyed Royal Pleco
Broken Line Royal Pleco, Pancake Suckyfish (International)
Pronunciationpan ah KAY.
EtymologyThe generic epithet "panaque" is a Venezuelan common name for this fish. 
Jump to next section Species Information
Size 500mm or 19.7" SL. Find near, nearer or same sized spp.
IdentificationThe genus Panaque is identified by the teeth, which are spoon-shaped. This means that the teeth are noticeably wider at the tip than at the base. Other loricariidae have teeth that are similar width all the way from one end to the other. A second distinguishing feature is the lack of a buccal papilla, which is a "flap of skin" on the inside of the mouth. See pictures in this PDF on Pterygoplichthys.

This species has a dull (not red or orange) eye and a basic olive colouration that greys with age and, irrespective of age, black longitudinal stripes. Young fish show a white ring around the caudal peduncle, a windowed or clear caudal fin and white tips to the fins.
SexingUndocumented, although with most ancistrine plecos the genital papilla of the female is round and blunt, that of the male by comparison is smaller and pointed. It is not known at what size this method of sexing can be used on Royal Plecos. It is possible that heavy odontal growth is associated with males. .
General RemarksIt is thought by some that this species most closely matches the description of the Blue Eyed Pleco, Panaque suttonorum. In adulthood, it is grey with dark grey spots and dashes. In youth, especially, it shows the white caudal peduncle ring. It's likely a close relative unless the Maracaibo species is proven to be surprisingly widespread.
Jump to next section Habitat Information
DistributionSouth America: Colombia: rio Caguán
Amazon, Middle Amazon (Solimoes), Japurá, Caquetá, Upper Caquetá, Caguán (click on these areas to find other species found there)
Show it on a map (Click the map-icon to show/hide map of species distribution)
pH6.5 - 7.5
Temperature24.0-29.0°C or 75.2-84.2°F (Show species within this range)
Jump to next section Husbandry Information
FeedingAll Panaque appear to feed on wood, so wood should be present in the tank. They also take prepared algae wafers and fresh vegetables (zucchini, cucumber, peas, green beans) and tubers (potato, yams and similar).
FurnitureNatural habitat is among fallen trees and wood-tangles.
CompatibilityGenerally peaceful, but may defend their territory against conspecifics.
Suggested TankmatesMost community fish, this fish is very secretive and so you will want more active fish around to provide something to watch. Larger specimens will work nearly all but the most ferocious and agressive fish. Smaller specimens should not be kept with large predators, for obvious reasons.
Jump to next section Further Information
Registered Keepers(1) xingumike, (2) Cory-Diddi, (3) Tulio, (4) clunkster, (5) FuglyDragon, who also notes: "Heavy filtration a must. Lost 2 of 3 in June 2014 for no obvious reason, age approx 9 years.", (6) Armadillo Del Rio, (7) jamos, (8) Darren C, (9) yogi69, (10) prutsprogrammeur, (11) Dave_C, (12) layzmob, (13) Walter, (14) magnar30, (15) RickieH, (16) haffiducki, (17) Dex, (18) Hammerhead, who also notes: "A gorgeous pleco, who is much more likely to be seen when the lights are on than any pleco I've had.", (19) jasonplec1 (p: 2), (20) Liz H, (21) teddyman5, (22) calsonic, (23) eliy7, (24) CatsandFish (k: 2), (25) CANDY, (26) jgvenn, (27) gwa84, (28) mrwickedweasel (k: 2), who also notes: "One only has one eye! One is 4 inches, the other is 7 inches", (29) Kingmickyb, who also notes: "2nd one, 1st one died. Still only about 3 inches, hopefully i'll avoid poisoning it with whitespot treatment.", (30) munki, (31) Aquariumfun (k: 3), (32) don90, (33) Handels, (34) HX67 (k: 2), (35) Reza.Sadri, (36) jac, (37) PLEC BAIRN (p: 3), (38) WIGSTER, (39) kabaltah (k: 2), (40) Tom B (k: 3), (41) agustingonzalez, (42) coheedandcambriarules, (43) nowhereman (p: 2, k: 3), (44) tingting, (45) Juand15, (46) Derzel, (47) Luis.Ventura, (48) keen-eyed (k: 2), (49) jessonthenet, who also notes: "Have only observed it eating the wood so far, has not went near cucumber etc. Is a very timid fish and is dominated by all other plecs in the tank even though it is the largest at the moment. update 5/1/2012 Has started to venture out in the open and is slighty territorial and will occasionally challenge other plecs. Will readily accept cucumber or courgette, loves hikari algae wafers in particular. Grows much quicker than other plecs is not too much of a waste problem at the moment. Not a very boisterous plec, does not touch the plants or uproot them at present. A bit of a hermit.", (50) Daniel_yeo, (51) Aquanaut, (52) 2wheelsx2, who also notes: "Juvie acquired at the same time as the L90. Unfortunately, died after getting sunken eyes. Think it was stress from adding the Blue Eye panaque.", (53) Nat, (54) MatsP, (55) smitty (p: 2, k: 3), (56) Turbo, (57) ElTofi (k: 7), who also notes: "A second batch of 3 join the first group today (19.02.2011) transfered into this tank in late September 2011 the biggest is 14 cm TL in September 2011 the biggest is 22 cm TL in April 2012 the biggest is 29 cm TL in December 2012 the biggest is 40 cm TL in October 2015", (58) alasia, (59) sfchoong (p: 2), (60) monkiecat, (61) ColumbianChocolate, (62) TerryCherry, (63) allim (k: 2), (64) joefish72, (65) plecomanpat (k: 2), (66) FunkyFredFrog, (67) joefish72b, (68) SHEAG, (69) Lars Jamne, (70) scorpia9100, (71) dt23, (72) JamesStuddart, (73) arapaimag (k: 3), (74) Dan101, (75) cdc069, (76) Martin Holm, (77) lmt6600, (78) nnpnnp, (79) duequattro, (80) den bruine, (81) AlphaDiscus, (82) pogo29, (83) Redtailrob, (84) Ottofan2003 (p: 2), (85) gforcefx, (86) rosswell, (87) maximus1974 (k: 3), (88) slimrs, (89) eyal8a (k: 2), (90) john82, (91) Michael_Wanga, (92) johnarmstrong, (93) JamieDurrant, (94) HuskerDad, (95) Travis Webb, (96) coelacanth, who also notes: "Large specimens will place a serious load on filtration, since adding this specimen there's been a noticeable increase in debris due to the wood being turned into sawdust. Even in a 1000 gallon tank with three large trickle filters a fish like this can make a major difference.", (97) Mark Panaque (k: 2), (98) fahaka, (99) sem87, (100) Goodeid608, (101) csengc61, (102) leberruyer, (103) Milo, (104) cjerrom, (105) Narwhal72, (106) Bjørn, (107) mikemaes, (108) Ecrevince (k: 2), (109) Camo182 (k: 3), (110) Kanta, (111) EBowles, (112) Rummage, (113) Lorenzo, (114) Iiriva, (115) Taz, (116) mouyichen, (117) hypanaquolus, (118) French47, (119) Shanaitan, (120) Igor Hotasi Simamora, (121) Ciryluk3g, (122) Juiceyfish, (123) Mountain (k: 5), (124) evojoey, (125) B20, (126) WouterW, (127) Divinehammer, (128) TheDoctor, who also notes: "Still alive", (129) cannondale (k: 2), (130) dav (k: 2), (131) VickyEll7, (132) thekribkeeper, (133) Avasion, (134) Mario, (135) CoryCatfish1212, (136) Beckie, (137) SimenAndre, (138) fishyNZ, (139) WadeNCreeks, (140) PhantomGreen, (141) Kd67, (142) dmfd0331, (143) hovmoller, (144) msafdel, (145) p03alf, (146) lidayjuraj, (147) panakhy (p: 2), (148) Tony4143 (k: 12), (149) meck3427, (150) Itchy96, (151) CesarPleco, (152) Albert, (153) Loc.

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Breeding ReportsNone.
Article - CotM 2015 July
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Last Update2017 Feb 08 11:20 (species record created: 2001 Jun 25 00:00)