Cat-eLog Right Arrow Loricariidae Right Arrow Hypostominae Right Arrow Hypostomus

Jump to next section Cat-eLog Data Sheet
Scientific Name Hypostomus plecostomoides  (Eigenmann, 1922)
Common Names LDA038
Type Locality Quebrada Gramalote, Villavicencio, Colombia
Synonym(s) Cochliodon plecostomoides
Pronunciation hi POSS tow muss
Etymology Greek, hypo = under + Greek, stoma = mouth. This specific epithet literally means sucker(pleco=sucker) mouth(stomus=mouth) like(-oides=like).
Jump to next section Species Information
Size 250mm or 9.8" SL. Find near, nearer or same sized spp.
Identification Previously placed in Cochliodon and now included in the larger genus, Hypostomus as a member of the Hypostomus Cochliodon group. All these species have higher backs than other conspecifics and spoon shaped teeth (like Panaque). See link below. The three northern South American members of the Hypostomus cochliodon group, H. plecostomoides, H. taphorni, and H. hondae are very difficult to differentiate. The surest identification method is to know where the fish was imported from. H. plecostomoides is found throughout the Orinoco drainage, H. taphorni the Essequibo drainage, and H. hondae in northern Colombia and the Maracaibo drainage.
Sexing Gravid females are wider when viewed from above.
Jump to next section Habitat Information
Distribution Found throughout the Orinoco drainages in Colombia and Venezuela. Also recorded from the Lake Valencia and Rio Tuy drainages in Venezuela. However, no specimens have been found in these drainages in some years and the heavy pollution present in these drainages may have extirpated this species from these drainages.
Orinoco (click on these areas to find other species found there)
Orinoco, Middle Orinoco, Apure, Guarico (click on these areas to find other species found there)

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pH 6.5 - 8.0
Temperature 21.0-27.0°C or 69.8-80.6°F (Show species within this range)
Other Parameters In general, the water should be clear, soft to medium in hardness with a near neutral pH. A strong powerhead should provide a fair current. The oxygen level should also be kept high.
Jump to next section Husbandry Information
Feeding Eats all normal aquarium foods. Fresh vegetables and driftwood are a must for this the proper care of this fish.
Furniture Typically found amongst driftwood snags in the main river channel.
Compatibility A peaceful loricariid. The pictured specimen was captured in the Rio Tinaco, Cojedes State, Venezuela. It was captured on a large piece of driftwood along with Panaque maccus, P. nigrolineatus, L092, Hypoptopoma, Hypostomus emarginatus, and Lamontichthys llanero.
Breeding Spawns in holes in the soil of the river bank in the wet season. In the dry season, Iguanas use these same holes for their nests. The holes measure about 4-6 inches wide and up to 18 inches deep.
Breeding Reports There is no breeding report.
Jump to next section Further Information
Reference Memoirs of the Carnegie Museum v. 9 (no. 1), pp225, Pl. 11 (figs. 1-3).
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Last Update 2013 Jan 22 16:09 (species record created: 2002 Apr 06 00:00)