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Down arrow Cat-eLog Data Sheet
Scientific Name Amphilius pedunculus  Thomson & Page, 2015
Common Name
Type Locality Malagarasi River at Lower Igamba Falls (Kasagwe), Malagarasi River drainage, Tanzania, 5°10'48"S, 30°03'03"E.
Pronunciation ahm FILL ee us
Etymology Amphilius: Not clear; probably from the Greek amphi, meaning both sides and leios, meaning smooth. The diminutive of pes, pedunculus, a noun, refers to the distinctively short and deep caudal peduncle of this species.
Down arrow Species Information
Size 101mm or 4" SL. Find near, nearer or same sized spp.
Identification Most amphiliid species are found in fast-flowing water of clear, rocky streams at high elevations or rapids of large lowland rivers (Berra 2001; Roberts 2003).basins (Seegers et al. 2003). Species of Amphilius are adapted for fast flow and rocky habitats (Skelton 1986). Morphological adaptations for these habitats include expanded pectoral and pelvic fins with a thickened first ray, depressed body, dorsally directed eyes and reduced swim bladder (Skelton 1986; Walsh et al. 2000). The large pelvic fins form, in conjunction with the body, a feeble sucking disc that enables the fish to cling to rocks (Jackson 1961b).

Body variably mottled with five dark saddles. which are connected by a broad stripe.Lower light brown.Dorsal and anal fins light brown with a dark band.Adipose fin dark brown to black with cream edging. Pectoral and pelvic fins upper cream color with dark base and dark band on the outer edge, lower light yellow. Caudal cream with dark markings on both lobes, asymetrical, lower lobe almost all dark with cream at baseand tip, upper lobe less dark with a dark blotchdorsal edges but base, ventral edge and tip cream.
Down arrow Habitat Information
Distribution Malagarasi River drainage, western Tanzania and southern Burundi; Luiche River drainage,western Tanzania; Lake Rukwa basin, Tanzania and Zambia; and upper Great Ruaha River system, Rufiji basin,eastern Tanzania.
African Waters, Western Rift Valley Lakes, Tanganyika, Malagarasi (click on these areas to find other species found there)
African Waters, Western Rift Valley Lakes, Tanganyika, Luiche (click on these areas to find other species found there)
African Waters, Southern Rift Lakes, Rukwa (click on these areas to find other species found there)
African Waters, Tanzania Waters, Rufigi (click on these areas to find other species found there)

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IUCN Red List Category Not Evaluated
Down arrow Husbandry Information
Feeding The diet of Amphilius species has been reported to consist predominantly of benthic aquatic insects (Marriott et al. 1997; Skelton 2001; Walsh et al. 2000).
Breeding Unreported in the aquarium.
Breeding Reports There is no breeding report.
Down arrow Further Information
Reference Zootaxa 3986 (no. 1), pp 70, Fig. 5.
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Last Update 2019 Oct 27 04:26 (species record created: 2015 Jul 17 21:33)