Cat-eLog Right Amphiliidae Right Amphiliinae Right Amphilius  |  | 

Down Cat-eLog Data Sheet
Scientific Name Amphilius crassus  Thomson & Hilber, 2015
Common Name
Type Locality Sonjo River at bridge in Man'gula on road from Mikumi to Ifakara, Rufiji River basin, Tanzania, 7°48'29.6"S, 36°53'47.6"E.
Pronunciation ahm FILL ee us
Etymology Amphilius: Not clear; probably from the Greek amphi, meaning both sides and leios, meaning smooth. From the Latin noun crassus (m), meaning fat or stout in reference to the deep, stout body.
Down Species Information
Size 86mm or 3.4" SL. Find near, nearer or same sized spp.
Identification Most amphiliid species are found in fast-flowing water of clear, rocky streams at high elevations or rapids of large lowland rivers (Berra 2001; Roberts 2003).basins (Seegers et al. 2003). Species of Amphilius are adapted for fast flow and rocky habitats (Skelton 1986). Morphological adaptations for these habitats include expanded pectoral and pelvic fins with a thickened first ray, depressed body, dorsally directed eyes and reduced swim bladder (Skelton 1986; Walsh et al. 2000). The large pelvic fins form, in conjunction with the body, a feeble sucking disc that enables the fish to cling to rocks (Jackson 1961b).

Body variably mottled with five dark saddles which are connected by a broad stripe laterally.Below is light brown. Dorsal and adipose fins light brown with dark band. Adipose fin dark brown to black with edges cream.Pectoral and pelvic fins upper surface creamwith dark base and dark band., lower surface light yellow. Caudal cream with dark on both lobes, caudal vvariable but usually spotted and asymmetrical having the lower lobe with more pigment.
Down Habitat Information
Distribution Rufiji and Wami river basins, eastern Tanzania.
African Waters, Tanzania Waters, Rufigi (click on these areas to find other species found there)
African Waters, Tanzania Waters, Wami (click on these areas to find other species found there)

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IUCN Red List Category Not Evaluated
Down Husbandry Information
Feeding The diet of Amphilius species has been reported to consist predominantly of benthic aquatic insects (Marriott et al. 1997; Skelton 2001; Walsh et al. 2000). User data.
Breeding Reports There is no breeding report.
Down Further Information
Reference Zootaxa 3986 (no. 1), pp 78, Fig. 8.
Registered Keepers There is no registered keeper.
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Last Update 2019 Oct 27 04:27 (species record created: 2015 Jul 17 21:34)