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Down arrow Cat-eLog Data Sheet
Scientific Name Pareiorhaphis vetula  Pereira, Lehmann A. & Reis, 2016
Common Name
Type Locality Minas Gerais State, Santo Antônio do Itambé, rio Mãe d' Água at Cachoeira da Ponte de Pedra, tributary to Río Guanhães, Río Doce basin, Brazil, 18°27'16.5"S, 43°18'29.7"W.
Etymology Pareiorhaphis vetula, from the Latin vetulus, old or a little old man, in allusion to the small size of adult specimens. An adjective.
Down arrow Species Information
Size 49mm or 1.9" SL. Find near, nearer or same sized spp.
Identification Pareiorhaphis species are primarily diagnosed from remaining neoplecostomines by having the canal plate firmly articulated to the preopercle, and by a series of sexually-dimorphic features of hypertrophied odontodes of adult males, giving the fish a hispid appearance.

Pareiorhaphis vetula is distinguished from all congeners by having the maxillary barbel completely adnate (fused, not protruding) to the lower lip, and by adult males possessing a particularly elongate, sharply-pointed and conical urogenital papilla, which distinctly passes the level of the anal opening. P. vetula differs from other Pareiorhaphis by having a shorter pelvic-fin spine and being overall a much smaller fish (max SL 49.3mm).
Sexing Males have small fleshy lobes on lateral margins of head, hypertrophied cheek and opercular odontodes, pectoral-fin spines thickened and bearing hyperthrophied odontodes, and much broader head. Additionally, males have large and pointed urogenital papilla, plates in dorsal and lateral portions of body covered by enlarged odontodes, and a small dermal flap on dorsal surface of pelvic-fin spine. Females lack above traits, and possess a narrower head which allows lateral margins of lower lip to be visible dorsally.
Down arrow Habitat Information
Distribution Upper Rio Doce basin.
Espirito Santo State Rivers, Doce (click on these areas to find other species found there)

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IUCN Red List Category Not Evaluated
Other Parameters In nature, this fish lives at altitudes of 755 and 850 m above sea level, in creeks of tea-colored dark water, with pools of slow current alternated by rapids, with depths between 0.3 and 2 m, and approximately 5 to 6 m wide.
Down arrow Husbandry Information
Furniture In nature, the substrate is mostly big rocks, pebbles and sand, and the marginal vegetation is composed of grasses and mostly riparian forest.
Breeding Reports There is no breeding report.
Down arrow Further Information
Reference Zootaxa 4144 (no. 3), pp 444, Figs. 1, 2C, 3A, 4.
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Last Update 2020 Dec 30 00:52 (species record created: 2016 Jul 27 20:25)