Cat-eLog Right Arrow Callichthyidae Right Arrow Corydoradinae Right Arrow Corydoras

Jump to next section Cat-eLog Data Sheet
Scientific Name Corydoras apiaka  Espíndola, Spencer, Rocha & Britto, 2014
Common Name
Type Locality Ribeirão Oito de Julho, a tributary of the right margin of rio Arinos, rio Tapajós basin, road MT‑338 between Tapurah-Nova Paraná, Porto dos Gaúchos, Mato Grosso, 11°41'44''S, 57°06'42''W, Brazil.
Pronunciation Kory DOOR ass
Etymology Cory = helmet, doras = skin. In this case it was incorrectly used to mean armour (cuirasse) instead of skin in allusion to the dual rows of plates that run along the flanks of this genus. The name apiakais a noun in apposition, named for the indigenous Apiaká tribe; the tribe is known for facial tattoos, bravery in battles, and cannibalistic rituals.
Jump to next section Species Information
Identification Corydoras are identified by their twin rows of armour plates along the flanks and by having fewer than 10 dorsal fin rays. They are most commonly confused with the other genera in the sub-family, namely Brochis, Scleromystax and Aspidoras.

C. apiaka can be identified by the following traits: Having the dorsal fin spine smaller than the three anterior branched dorsal fin rays; having numerous dark-brown spots with diffuse borders over the head and body, scattered in a somewhat random pattern; having pectoral, pelvic and anal fins hyaline, and adipose fin hyaline or bearing one spot; lacking blotches on interradial membrane of dorsal fin; lacking spots over the anal fin base; lacking small platelets on the belly (i.e., the belly is naked).
Sexing No unique sexual dimorphisms were reported for this species.
General Remarks Corydoras apiaka resembles other spotted corys such as C. albolineatus, C. maculifer, C. multimaculatus, C. polystictus and C. xinguensis.
Jump to next section Habitat Information
Distribution Tributaries of the rio Arinos, rio Teles Pires and rio Preto, all in the rio Tapajós basin.
Amazon, Lower Amazon, Tapajós, Teles Pires (click on these areas to find other species found there)
Amazon, Lower Amazon, Tapajós, Upper Tapajós, Juruena, Arinos (click on these areas to find other species found there)

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Other Parameters In nature, C. apiaka is found mostly in rapidly-moving fresh water with muddy-brown color, over a soft bottom of clay and sand. Often captured in small forest streams of black or clear water, or in marginal ponds.
Jump to next section Husbandry Information
Feeding Will accept a wide range of commercial foods including tablets, granules and flakes. Live (or frozen) foods such as bloodworm, white worm, grindal worm, Daphnia and tubifex are readily accepted.
Furniture Shade provided by overhanging rock work, arching bogwood, tall or floating plants are all that is required. Ideally substrate should be sand, but rounded gravel is an imperfect alternative. Avoid keeping over rough edged (chipped) gravel, this will increase this risk of damage the fishes barbels when it tries to dig.
Compatibility A peaceful, shoaling, community fish.
Suggested Tankmates All Corydoras should be kept in groups of at least 6 of the same species. Otherwise compatible with most other types of fish that are reasonably peaceful, as long as they don't see a Corydoras as a snack.
Breeding Reports There is no breeding report.
Jump to next section Further Information
References Papéis Avulsos de Zoologia, São Paulo v. 54 (no. 3), pp 26, Figs. 1-2.
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Last Update 2017 Jun 06 12:20 (species record created: 2017 May 17 23:22)