|Cat-eLog Data Sheet|
|Scientific Name||Pterygoplichthys scrophus (Cope, 1874)|
|Common Names||Chocolate Pleco
Alligator Pleco, Rhino Pleco
|Type Locality||Nauta, Peru.|
|Synonym(s)||Glyptoperichthys scrophus, Liposarcus scrophus|
|Pronunciation||terry gop LICK thees - skro fuss|
|Etymology||Greek, pterygion, diminutive of pteryx = wing, fin + Greek, hoplon = weapon + Greek, ichthys = fish. Masculine form of "scrofa", which means "breeding sow".|
|Articles|| - CotM 2011 July
|Size||275mm or 10.8" SL. Find near, nearer or same sized spp.|
|Identification||Pterygoplichthys can be identified by the number of rays in the dorsal fin. Ten or more dorsal rays (usually more than 10) indicates that it's a Pterygoplichthys. Most other plecos have 8 or fewer rays (in particular the larger Hypostomus species that are most likely to be confused with Pterygoplichthys).
These plecos have large nostril two horn-like protrusions from their head that are actually nasal flutes or nostril flaps. The also have alligator-like ridges along the sides of their body. Colours range from a rich brown to black to mottled brown.
|Sexing||Comparison of the genital papilla in mature fish shows the differences in the sexes to the trained eye. In males this is a small yet thick stump which noticeably protrudes from the fish's undercarriage. In females it is less obvious and is recessed or lies flat with the body.|
|Distribution||South America: Marañon and Ucayali River basins.
Amazon, Upper Amazon, Marañón, Ucayali (click on these areas to find other species found there)
Amazon, Upper Amazon, Marañón (click on these areas to find other species found there)
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|IUCN Red List Category||Least Concern, range map and more is available on the IUCN species page. Last assessed 2014.|
|pH||6.0 - 7.6|
|Temperature||22.0-28.0°C or 71.6-82.4°F (Show species within this range)|
|Feeding||An adaptible omnivore that will eat a variety of foods, besides being a very good algae eater, supplement diet with sinking pellet foods and algae wafers. Vegetables and freeze dried foods also accepted.|
|Furniture||All but the most robust of plants tend to be eaten or uprooted. Flat stones and bogwood are required to construct caves. Will even eat floating plants. A good pleco for the deeper aquarium.|
|Compatibility||A generally peaceful fish but can be aggressive with other bottom dwellers of similar size/species if not given sufficient room.|
|Suggested Tankmates||Almost any medium sized community fish.|
|Breeding Reports||There is no breeding report.|
|Reference||Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 26, pp 136.|
|Registered Keepers||Keeping this species? Why not .
There are 101 registered keepers, view all "my cats" data.
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|Spotters||Spotted this species somewhere? Click the binoculars!
There are 15 records of this fish being seen, view them all.
|More on Pterygoplichthys scrophus|
|Look up Pterygoplichthys scrophus on AquaticRepublic.com|
|Look up Pterygoplichthys scrophus on Fishbase|
|Look up Pterygoplichthys scrophus on Encyclopedia of Life|
|Look up Pterygoplichthys scrophus on Global Biodiversity Information Facility|
|LFS label creator.|
|Last Update||2019 Sep 14 03:43 (species record created: 2001 Apr 28 00:00)|