Cat-eLog Right Arrow Loricariidae Right Arrow Hypostominae Right Arrow Hypostomus

Jump to next section Cat-eLog Data Sheet
Scientific NameHypostomus punctatus  Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes, 1840
Common NamesCommon Pleco
Pleco, Plettet Sugemalle (Denmark), Punktierter Schildwels (Germany)
Type LocalityRio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Pronunciationhi POSS tow muss - punk TAT uss
EtymologyGreek, hypo = under + Greek, stoma = mouth. punctatus = spotted
Article - CotM 1998 July
Jump to next section Species Information
Size 260mm or 10.2" SL. Find near, nearer or same sized spp.
IdentificationHypostomus with a brown colouration and spots are generally difficult to ID with any accuracy. This species has a light brown colouration with very dark brown spots but it is the fact that it is from the Rio Janeiro that makes the ID more reliable.
Jump to next section Habitat Information
DistributionSouthern Brazil
Rio de Janeiro State Rivers (click on these areas to find other species found there)
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pH5.0 - 8.2
Temperature22.0-29.0°C or 71.6-84.2°F (Show species within this range)
Jump to next section Husbandry Information
FeedingLettuce, peas, frozen spinach and any prepared food that reaches the bottom. Larger fish enjoy prawns. Algae (especially soft brown) will be eaten immediately. Will learn to eat floating pellets from the surface if the food drifts to the sides of the aquarium.
FurnitureAn appropriately sized shady retreat is all this fish requires. Will not eat plants, but any individual larger then 10cm or so may inadvertently pull up plants not entirely established. They are more likely to burrow if adequate hiding places are missing.
CompatibilityLarger individuals are territorial towards conspecifics, however not predatory and able to look after itself. Safe with small fish.
Suggested TankmatesLarger individuals are territorial towards conspecifics, however not predatory and able to look after itself. Safe with small fish. Good for an appropraitely sized community tank.
BreedingUnreported in the aquarium, but thought to spawn in mud burrows dug into the side of riverbanks.
Jump to next section Further Information
ReferencesHist. Nat. Poiss.v. 15 - pp493
Registered KeepersKeeping this species? Why not .
(1) Daniel Machado, (2) Trident2004, (3) debsforHim, (4) lewisss, (5) pleco_keepin_bear, (6) Mrs.JP (k: 4), (7) steelhorse, (8) rosemarydawn, (9) ninetysixmustang, (10) Jeox, (11) LindsayB, (12) griffl, who also notes: "Nice cat but it would grow too large for my tank so I traded for a smaller candy striped pleco.", (13) gamiller, (14) Ill (p: 2), (15) Plunt, (16) joe.juice13, (17) JDogg, (18) Tasplec (k: 3), (19) geekshow (p: 2, k: 2), (20) MyRosco, (21) AlaskanCorydoras (p: 3, k: 3), who also notes: "One former zombie in my cory tank. Named "The thing that lurks and yearns for Brains" ", "Formerly in my 20 gallon, where he earned the name "Inappropriately Frightened" Has calmed down immensely in my 55, as it has many more places to hide. ", "Named "The Beast" Very Nocturnal, has claimed the large ceramic castle as his own. Keeps the glass in the tank spotless. ", (22) pmbooper, who also notes: "moving 10 inch pleco to 125 gal. ", (23) rdecker81, (24) dougkn (p: 2), (25) Munky, (26) Roel, (27) niallborwell, (28) Patzee (k: 2), (29) EHEIM~ADDICT, (30) joefish72, (31) tiffanyjayne, (32) Mezel, who also notes: "Got him to keep my turtle tank clean. I didn't know much about them back then. He still lives in with them from time to time.", (33) john_d (k: 4), (34) JamesStuddart, (35) JFishNerd, (36) Sargy60, (37) ahasting, (38) purorock327, (39) sushi1980, (40) CoryCatfish1212, (41) yellowcat, (42) TheNativeAquarist.

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Last Update2013 Jul 19 00:17 (species record created: 2001 May 05 00:00)