Cat-eLog Right Arrow Aspredinidae Right Arrow Bunocephalus

Jump to next section Cat-eLog Data Sheet
Scientific NameBunocephalus verrucosus  (Bloch, 1794)
Common NamesCraggy Banjo Catfish
High-back Banjo
Type LocalityNo locality.
Synonym(s)Agmus lyriformis, Agmus scabriceps, Aspredo gronovii, Bunocephalicthys verrucosus scabriceps, Platystacus verrucosus, Silurus verrucosus
Pronunciationboon oh SEFF ah luss
EtymologyBunocephalus: From the Greek bounos, meaning hill and kephale, meaning head; in reference to the bumps on the head of the fish, which is particularly marked in some species. 
Jump to next section Species Information
Size 100mm or 3.9" SL. Find near, nearer or same sized spp.
IdentificationA high, ridged back distinguishes this species from other common banjo catfish imports. Also, the coracoid process extends back nearly to the origin of the pelvic fin; longer than the coracoid of Bunocephalus coracoideus.
SexingFemales have a rounder belly when look from above, especially in the region of the starting of the caudal peduncle.
Jump to next section Habitat Information
DistributionSouth America : Central Amazon basin
Amazon, Middle Amazon (Solimoes) (click on these areas to find other species found there)
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pH5.8 - 7.6
Temperature21.0-26.0°C or 69.8-78.8°F (Show species within this range)
Other ParametersNo special requirements in regard to water parameters. Preferably no nitrites and nitrates as low as possible.
Jump to next section Husbandry Information
FeedingUnproblematic, the fish accepts most foods. Best fed after lights out. Only settled or very hungry fish will search for food during the daylight hours. Once accustomed, can be hand feed. When hand feeding can be fed any time, even with the lights on.
FurnitureA sandy substrate is suggested although this species doesn't readily burrow; you could experiment with leaf litter. Appears equally at home in dense vegetation and resorts to burrowing if no other cover available.
CompatibilityPeaceful. Care should be taken not to house this fish with any species that may seriously deprive it of food.
BreedingSome reports exist that these fish lay their eggs in the roots of floating plants. Exactly how the fish reach these positions high in the water column is not recorded. Although seemingly far-fetched, this report may go some way to explaining young fishes love of hiding in leafy plants.
Jump to next section Further Information
ReferencesNaturg. Ausl. Fischev. 8 - pp63 - Pl. 373 (fig. 3)
Registered Keepers(1) Dinyar, (2) Moosipher, (3) The.Dark.One, (4) worton[pl], (5) Sam (k: 3), (6) tropical (p: 2), (7) parrot1974 (k: 2), who also notes: "Wild-caught from Peru.", (8) Yann (k: 4), (9) dmcat (k: 2), (10) Dimidiata, (11) bekateen, who also notes: "Found these at LFS mixed with Bunocephalus coracoideus.", (12) Gulper.

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Breeding ReportsNone.
Article - CotM 2010 November
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Last Update2016 Oct 05 13:53 (species record created: 2001 Apr 13 00:00)