Cat-eLog Right Arrow Pimelodidae Right Arrow Sorubim

Jump to next section Cat-eLog Data Sheet
Scientific Name Sorubim lima  (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
Common Names Lima Shovelnose
Duck-beak Catfish, Duckbill Catfish, Hockey Stick Catfish, Lsn, Sortstribet Spademalle (Denmark), Spatelwels (Germany)
Type Locality Rio Maranham, Brazil.
Synonym(s) Platystoma lima, Platystoma luceri, Silurus lima, Sorubim latirostris
Pronunciation sarw oo bim - lee mah
Etymology Sorubi is the Brazilian local name for this fish (and several other pimelodids), latinised to become Sorubim. This specific epithet literally means "a file" (lima=a file) and refers to its exposed pre-maxillary tooth patch.
Article - CotM 1999 June
Jump to next section Species Information
Size 505mm or 19.9" SL. Find near, nearer or same sized spp.
Identification No other pimelodid genus possesses a dark horizontal stripe stretching entire length of head and body.

Some fish grow larger (particularly in the wild) than the size given here perhaps indicating a difference between the sexes or a group of species.
Sexing Unknown
Jump to next section Habitat Information
Distribution Sorubim lima is widely distributed throughout most of South America east of the Andes mountain range, including the Amazon, Orinoco, Paraná and Parnaíba river drainages. It is syntopic with S. elongatus in the Orinoco basin and with S. elongatus and S. maniradii in the upper Amazon drainage of Brazil, Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia.
Amazon (click on these areas to find other species found there)
Orinoco (click on these areas to find other species found there)
La Plata, Paraná (click on these areas to find other species found there)
Piauí Rivers, Parnaíba (click on these areas to find other species found there)
La Plata, Uruguay, Middle Uruguay (click on these areas to find other species found there)

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IUCN Red List Category Not Evaluated
pH 6.2 - 7.2
Temperature 23.0-30.0°C or 73.4-86°F (Show species within this range)
Other Parameters To best replicate this fish's natural habitat the water should be neutral and soft.
Jump to next section Husbandry Information
Feeding Carnivore that can be trained to accept most foods but patience is often required in this regard. Younger fish are more adaptable to new foods.
Furniture Large pieces of driftwood placed so as to form "tree roots". This effect is easily accomplished by attaching suction cups to the driftwood and "sticking" the wood to the back and sides of the tank. Plants will have to be chosen carefully as S. lima will sometimes dig.
Compatibility Predatory and thus unsafe with anything small enough to be eaten, but otherwise very peaceful.
Suggested Tankmates They are quite sociable as big cats go and it is possible to keep a group of these catfish in one tank. Three Lima shovelnoses would do well as a group in a large enough tank. This is especially true if all three are raised in the same tank together. Other tankmates must be chosen with great care. Large cichlids could be experimented with, but should not be aggressive species. Large plecos and other catfishes would be great tank-mates.
Breeding The Lima shovel nose has not been bred in captivity. There is one report that a pair laid eggs in a nest they constructed in the aquarium, but no fry hatched.
Breeding Reports There is no breeding report.
Jump to next section Further Information
Reference M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae, pp 384.
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Last Update 2020 Jan 21 02:37 (species record created: 2001 Apr 22 00:00)